SANS Offensive Operations Curriculum offers courses spanning topics ranging from introductory penetration testing and hardware hacking, all the way to advanced exploit writing and red teaming, as well as specialized training such as purple teaming, wireless or mobile device security, and more.

Red Teamer

In this role you will be challenged to look at problems and situations from the perspective of an adversary. The focus is on making the Blue Team better by testing and measuring the organization’s detection and response policies, procedures, and technologies. This role includes performing adversary emulation, a type of Red Team exercise where the Red Team emulates how an adversary operates, following the same tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs), with a specific objective similar to those of realistic threats or adversaries. It can also include creating custom implants and C2 frameworks to evade detection.
  • SEC504 helps you develop the skills to conduct incident response investigations. You will learn how to apply a dynamic incident response process to evolving cyber threats, and how to develop threat intelligence to mount effective defense strategies for cloud and on-premises platforms. We'll examine the latest threats to organizations, from watering hole attacks to cloud application service MFA bypass, enabling you to get into the mindset of attackers and anticipate their moves. SEC504 gives you the information you need to understand how attackers scan, exploit, pivot, and establish persistence in cloud and conventional systems. To help you develop retention and long-term recall of the course material, 50 percent of class time is spent on hands-on exercises, using visual association tools to break down complex topics. This course prepares you to conduct cyber investigations and will boost your career by helping you develop these in-demand skills.

    Certification: 
    GIAC Certified Incident Handler (GCIH)

  • SEC560 prepares you to conduct successful penetration testing for a modern enterprise, including on-premise systems, Azure, and Azure AD. You will learn the methodology and techniques used by real-world penetration testers in large organizations to identify and exploit vulnerabilities at scale and show real business risk to your organization. The course material is complemented with more than 30 practical lab exercises concluding with an intensive, hands-on Capture-the-Flag exercise in which you will conduct a penetration test against a sample target organization and demonstrate the knowledge you have mastered.

    Certification: GIAC Penetration Tester (GPEN)

    • Develop and improve Red Team operations for security controls in SEC565 through adversary emulation, cyber threat intelligence, Red Team tradecraft, and engagement planning. Learn how to execute consistent and repeatable Red Team engagements that are focused on the effectiveness of the people, processes, and technology used to defend environments.

    • SEC660 is designed as a logical progression point for students who have completed SEC560: Network Penetration Testing and Ethical Hacking , or for those with existing penetration testing experience. This course provides you with in-depth knowledge of the most prominent and powerful attack vectors and furnishes an environment to perform these attacks in numerous hands-on scenarios. The course goes far beyond simple scanning for low-hanging fruit and teaches you how to model the abilities of an advanced attacker to find significant flaws in a target environment and demonstrate the business risk associated with these flaws.

      Certification: GIAC Exploit Researcher and Advanced Penetration Tester (GXPN)

    • You will learn the skills required to reverse-engineer applications to find vulnerabilities, perform remote user application and kernel debugging, analyze patches for one-day exploits, perform advanced fuzzing, and write complex exploits against targets such as the Windows kernel and the modern Linux heap, all while circumventing or working with against cutting-edge exploit mitigation.

    • SEC670 prepares you to create custom-compiled programs specifically for Windows and introduces students to techniques that real nation-state malware authors are currently using. You will learn the essential building blocks for developing custom offensive tools through required programming, APIs used, and mitigations for techniques covering privilege escalation, persistence, and collection.

    Purple Teamer

    In this fairly recent job position, you have a keen understanding of both how cybersecurity defenses (“Blue Team”) work and how adversaries operate (“Red Team”). During your day-today activities, you will organize and automate emulation of adversary techniques, highlight possible new log sources and use cases that help increase the detection coverage of the SOC, and propose security controls to improve resilience against the techniques. You will also work to help coordinate effective communication between traditional defensive and offensive roles.
    • Defeating Advanced Adversaries - Purple Team Tactics & Kill Chain Defenses will arm you with the knowledge and expertise you need to overcome today's threats. Recognizing that a prevent-only strategy is not sufficient, we will introduce security controls aimed at stopping, detecting, and responding to your adversaries through a purple team strategy.

      Certification: GIAC Defending Advanced Threats (GDAT)
    • This course provides advanced purple team training, with a key focus on adversary emulation for data breach prevention and detection. Throughout this course, students will learn how real-life threat actors can be emulated in a realistic enterprise environment, including multiple AD forests. In true purple fashion, the goal of the course is to educate students on how adversarial techniques can be emulated (manual and automated) and detected (use cases/rules and anomaly-based detection). A natural follow-up to SEC599, this is an advanced SANS course offering, with 60 percent of class time spent on labs!

    • SEC504 helps you develop the skills to conduct incident response investigations. You will learn how to apply a dynamic incident response process to evolving cyber threats, and how to develop threat intelligence to mount effective defense strategies for cloud and on-premises platforms. We'll examine the latest threats to organizations, from watering hole attacks to cloud application service MFA bypass, enabling you to get into the mindset of attackers and anticipate their moves. SEC504 gives you the information you need to understand how attackers scan, exploit, pivot, and establish persistence in cloud and conventional systems. To help you develop retention and long-term recall of the course material, 50 percent of class time is spent on hands-on exercises, using visual association tools to break down complex topics. This course prepares you to conduct cyber investigations and will boost your career by helping you develop these in-demand skills.

      Certification:
      GIAC Certified Incident Handler (GCIH)
    • SEC598: Security Automation for Offense, Defense, and Cloud will equip you with the expertise to apply automated solutions to prevent, detect, and respond to security incidents. Students first train to understand the concept of automation, then learn how existing technologies can be best leveraged to build automation stories that translate repeatable problems to automated scripts.

    Application Pen Tester

    Application penetration testers probe the security integrity of a company’s applications and defenses by evaluating the attack surface of all in-scope vulnerable web-based services, clientside applications, servers-side processes, and more. Mimicking a malicious attacker, app pen testers work to bypass security barriers in order to gain access to sensitive information or enter a company’s internal systems through techniques such as pivoting or lateral movement.
    • Web Applications are increasingly distributed. What used to be a complex monolithic application hosted on premise has become a distributed set of services incorporating on-premise legacy applications along with interfaces to cloud-hosted and cloud-native components. Because of this coupled with a lack of security knowledge, web applications are exposing sensitive corporate data. Security professionals are asked to provide validated and scalable solutions to secure this content in line with best industry practices using modern web application frameworks. Attending this class will not only raise awareness about common security flaws in modern web applications, but it will also teach students how to recognize and mitigate these flaws early and efficiently. 20 Hands-On Labs + Defend the Flag Game in Section 6

      Certification: GIAC Certified Web Application Defender (GWEB)

    • SEC542 enables students to assess a web application's security posture and convincingly demonstrate the business impact should attackers exploit the discovered vulnerabilities. You will practice the art of exploiting web applications to find flaws in your enterprise's web apps. You'll learn about the attacker's tools and methods and, through detailed hands-on exercises, you will learn a best practice process for web application penetration testing, inject SQL into back-end databases to learn how attackers exfiltrate sensitive data, and utilize cross-site scripting attacks to dominate a target infrastructure

      Certification: GIAC Web Application Penetration Tester (GWAPT)
    • SEC560 prepares you to conduct successful penetration testing for a modern enterprise, including on-premise systems, Azure, and Azure AD. You will learn the methodology and techniques used by real-world penetration testers in large organizations to identify and exploit vulnerabilities at scale and show real business risk to your organization. The course material is complemented with more than 30 practical lab exercises concluding with an intensive, hands-on Capture-the-Flag exercise in which you will conduct a penetration test against a sample target organization and demonstrate the knowledge you have mastered.


      Certification: GIAC Penetration Tester (GPEN)
    • SEC588 will equip you with the latest in cloud-focused penetration testing techniques and teach you how to assess cloud environments. The course dives into topics like cloud-based microservices, in-memory data stores, serverless functions, Kubernetes meshes, and containers, as well as identifying and testing in cloud-first and cloud-native applications. You will also learn specific tactics for penetration testing in Azure and Amazon Web Services, particularly important given that AWS and Microsoft account for more than half the market. It's one thing to assess and secure a data center, but it takes a specialized skillset to truly assess and report on the risk that an organization faces if its cloud services are left insecure.

    • SEC573 is an immersive, self-paced, hands-on, and lab-intensive course. After covering the essentials required for people who have never coded before, the course will present students with real-world forensics, defensive, and offensive challenges. You will develop a malware dropper for an offensive operation; learn to search your logs for the latest attacks; develop code to carve forensics artifacts from memory, hard drives, and packets; automate the interaction with an online website's API; and write a custom packet sniffer. Through fun and engaging labs, youll develop useful tools and build essential skills that will make you the most valuable member of your information security team.

      Certification:
      GIAC Python Coder (GPYC)
    • SEC673 is designed as the logical progression point for students who have completed SEC573: Automating Information Security with Python, or for those who already familiar with basic Python programming concepts. We jump immediately into advanced concepts. SEC673 looks at coding techniques used by popular open-source information security packages and how to apply them to your own Python cybersecurity projects. We'll learn from the best of them as we spend the week making information security for our project, named SPF100, as easy to develop and maintain as that of the most popular cybersecurity projects. Discover how to organize your code and use advanced programming concepts to make your code faster, more efficient, and easier to develop and maintain.

    • SEC573 is an immersive, self-paced, hands-on, and lab-intensive course. After covering the essentials required for people who have never coded before, the course will present students with real-world forensics, defensive, and offensive challenges. You will develop a malware dropper for an offensive operation; learn to search your logs for the latest attacks; develop code to carve forensics artifacts from memory, hard drives, and packets; automate the interaction with an online website's API; and write a custom packet sniffer. Through fun and engaging labs, youll develop useful tools and build essential skills that will make you the most valuable member of your information security team.

    Vulnerability Researcher & Exploit Developer

    In this role, you will work to find 0-days (unknown vulnerabilities) in a wide range of applications and devices used by organizations and consumers. Find vulnerabilities before the adversaries!
    • SEC660 is designed as a logical progression point for students who have completed SEC560: Network Penetration Testing and Ethical Hacking , or for those with existing penetration testing experience. This course provides you with in-depth knowledge of the most prominent and powerful attack vectors and furnishes an environment to perform these attacks in numerous hands-on scenarios. The course goes far beyond simple scanning for low-hanging fruit and teaches you how to model the abilities of an advanced attacker to find significant flaws in a target environment and demonstrate the business risk associated with these flaws.

      Certification:
       GIAC Exploit Researcher and Advanced Penetration Tester (GXPN)

    • SEC661 is designed to break down the complexity of exploit development and the difficulties with analyzing software that runs on IoT devices. Students will learn how to interact with software running in ARM environments and write custom exploits against known IoT vulnerabilities.

    • You will learn the skills required to reverse-engineer applications to find vulnerabilities, perform remote user application and kernel debugging, analyze patches for one-day exploits, perform advanced fuzzing, and write complex exploits against targets such as the Windows kernel and the modern Linux heap, all while circumventing or working with against cutting-edge exploit mitigation.