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Please note that early bird discounts do not apply to Hosted courses.

The cost of this course is inclusive of a $400 equipment fee which affords all students the use and ownership of all of the tools featured in the classroom exercises. Students will each be issued their own ProxMark 3 RDV2 RFID cloning and attacking unit (complete with both high frequency and low frequency antennas) and an ESPkey...the latest and smallest signal sniffing and replaying circuit used in advanced attacks against electronic access control systems. If purchased elsewhere, this hardware would cost well over $500.

Physical Access Control Systems: Elements of Design, Offense, and Defense

You've worked hard to secure your servers, workstations, and network. But increasingly, your physical security is tied into electronic access control systems, bringing major exposure to your enterprise if these systems aren't secured properly. How can you trust your systems if their physical security is in jeopardy? Every security pro should have some skills in assessing access control systems, and this class provides exactly what you need.

Whether an enterprise is using HID Prox cards, NXP Hitag chips, Mifare credentials, or even iCLASS technology, students who have taken this course will be well-versed in the functionality, weaknesses, and attack vectors of such systems. From how to perform practical card cloning attacks in the field to advanced format downgrade attacks, students are prepared for real-world red team scenarios and learn how to exploit access control technology with the latest attack hardware.

Outline:

Access Control History and Design Elements

125KHz Credentials:

  • AWID, Overview and Cloning
  • EM4102/EM4200, Overview and Cloning
  • HID Prox / ProxCard II, Overview and Cloning
  • Kantech ioProx / ioProx XSF, Overview and Cloning
  • Atmel T5555 / T5577 Tags, Emulation Overview and Cloning Capabilities
  • Motorola / HID Indala Overview, and Cloning
  • Overview of other uncommon credentials

125/134KHz Vehicle Transponders:

  • NXP Hitag (PCF7931) Overview, and Cloning
  • NXP Hitag II (PCF7936) Overview, and Cloning

13.56MHz Credentials and Smart Cards:

  • HID iCLASS Deep Analysis, Review, Reverse Engineering, Cloning, and Weaknesses
    • Advanced Attacks and Configuration Cards
  • NXP Mifare Classic Detailed Overview, Cracking, Cloning, Weaknesses
  • Overview of other common and uncommon credentials, with discussion of security implications and strengths of each

Practical Cloning in the Field, Advanced Format Downgrade Attacks

Backend Detailed Overview, Weaknesses, and Attacks:

  • Man in the Middle
  • Denial of Service

Defeating Tamper Detection

Defenses and Mitigation

Electronic Access Control Attack Tools

Course Syllabus

CPE/CMU Credits: 6

CPE/CMU Credits: 6

Additional Information

Laptop Requirements:

If you have additional questions about the laptop specifications, please contact laptop_prep@sans.org.

*CPE/CMU credits not offered for the SelfStudy delivery method


1 Training Result

*Course contents may vary depending upon location, see specific event description for details.