SANS Information Security Reading Roomhttp://www.sans.org/reading-room/Last 25 Computer Security Papers added to the Reading RoomKohanaPHPLeveraging the SCADA Cloud for Fun and Profithttps://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/scada/leveraging-scada-cloud-fun-profit-35667Long live the operator! At a point in time, they were the backbone of the phone system, ensuring that calls were routed where they needed to go. In many organizations, an operator still exists in one form or another. A version of this operator is common in a Security Operation Center (SOC) and many Industrial Control System (ICS) networks. In the ICS and Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) world, centralized security monitoring is either non-existent or so limited that the information provided does not paint an accurate security picture.Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 +0000Let's face it, you are probably compromised. What next?https://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/forensics/face-it-compromised-next-35662Over the past several years, the information technology industry has dramatically shifted from a desktop workstation centric, corporate owned computing asset model to a model of performing business processing tasks from anywhere with any capable device. This is evident through the dramatic increase in tablet, and smartphone use by organizational employees, and demand of employees to be able to use their own devices to manage daily business tasks. Mon, 15 Dec 2014 00:00:00 +0000Energy and Utilities Defense Response based on 2014 Attack Patternhttps://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/scada/energy-utilities-defense-response-based-2014-attack-pattern-35657False sense of security and management not understanding the value of cyber security are just a few of the issues why the Energy and Utilities industry are behind in terms of elevating cyber security to a status level on par or higher with physical security.Thu, 11 Dec 2014 00:00:00 +0000New Threats Drive Improved Practices: State of Cybersecurity in Health Care Organizationshttps://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/analyst/threats-drive-improved-practices-state-cybersecurity-health-care-organizations-35652See the results of the 2014 SANS Health Care Cybersecurity survey.Tue, 09 Dec 2014 00:00:00 +0000Evidence Collection From Social Media Siteshttps://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/legal/evidence-collection-social-media-sites-35647Original content written and posted by an individual to a social media site may identify or substantiate an employee's misconduct, whether their own or misconduct by a fellow employee. Capturing evidence from social media sites can significantly support the evidence gathered from other sources (e.g., text messages, e-mails, etc.) in the construction of an event timeline. Proper capture, handling, and presentation of evidence from social media sites will help the investigator explain what happened to upper management, to legal, and to law enforcement agencies.Tue, 02 Dec 2014 00:00:00 +0000Auditing Using Vulnerability Tools to Identify Today's Threats to Business Performancehttps://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/auditing/auditing-vulnerability-tools-identify-todays-threats-business-performance-35642A properly implemented vulnerability management program represents a key element in an organization's information security program by providing a business oriented approach to risk mitigation. This program provides a way to assess the potential business impact and probability of threats and risks to an organization's information infrastructure before those events occur.Tue, 02 Dec 2014 00:00:00 +0000Security Skills Assessment and Training: The Critical Security Control that can make or break all othershttps://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/leadership/security-skills-assessment-training-critical-security-control-break-o-35637Across the security community, 2013 has been noted as the year of the breach. Symantec reported 8 breaches with more than 10M identities exposed per breach representing a 700% increase from the year prior(Symantec Corporation, 2014). The year was filled with salacious headlines pulling readers across into the latest exploits of cyber crime and espionage rings. Tue, 02 Dec 2014 00:00:00 +0000Faster than a speeding bullet: Geolocation data and account misusehttps://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/logging/faster-speeding-bullet-geolocation-data-account-misuse-35632Today's global economy and mobile workforce have a large impact on modern network security, elevating the importance of a "defense in depth" approach. Geolocation information has become an important element to monitor as part of such a layered defense. Incorporating geolocation information into network security programs does not necessarily require additional expenditure if the appropriate resources (such as a SIEM) are already in place. By tracking the geographic location for account logins, it is possible to discover anomalies by calculating the distance between two logins from the same account.Mon, 01 Dec 2014 00:00:00 +0000Securing Personal and Mobile Device Use with Next-Gen Network Access Controlshttps://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/access/securing-personal-mobile-device-next-gen-network-access-controls-35627An updated SANS Analyst Program whitepaper. It covers the essentials of applying NAC to secure guest networking, as well as leveraging NAC for BYOD (Bring Your Own Device) and CYOD (Choose Your Own Device) situations and ensuring endpoint compliance with network policy.Mon, 24 Nov 2014 00:00:00 +0000Point of Sale Systems and Security: Executive Summaryhttps://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/threats/point-sale-systems-security-executive-summary-35622The last year has seen scores of point of sale (POS) systems compromised by bad actors. In many cases, these environments were PCI-DSS compliant at the time of compromise. Executives seeking to protect their organizations and POS systems from compromise need to look beyond PCI-DSS and adopt a proactive "offense must inform defense" approach to POS security.Thu, 20 Nov 2014 00:00:00 +0000Agile defensive perimiters: forming the security test regression packhttps://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/securecode/agile-defensive-perimiters-forming-security-test-regression-pack-35617A common approach is that software delivery is realized through a set of sequential deliverables in a phased and systematic manner. The software process model of the IEEE attempts to bring order to the delivery process by identifying a set of universal artefacts and activities in software construction (Gustafson, Melton, Chen, Baker, & Bieman, 1988). Thu, 20 Nov 2014 00:00:00 +0000Cyberspace: America's New Battlegroundhttps://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/warfare/cyberspace-americas-battleground-35612In 2010, Nick Percoco, head of the cyber security team at IT security service provider TrustWave Holdings Inc., was called out to the headquarters of a leading U.S. defense contractor to investigate some anomalies (Taylor, 2011). The anomalies seemed innocent at first. A few employees had reported peculiar behavior by their PCs when they clicked on an innocuous-looking email attachment they had received. Thu, 20 Nov 2014 00:00:00 +0000Implementing a Shibboleth SSO Infrastructurehttps://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/authentication/implementing-shibboleth-sso-infrastructure-35607Secure authentication and authorization across organizational boundaries is a hard problem. Consider an academic publisher that wishes to make scientific journals available to currently enrolled students, but not staff, faculty, or alumni, at universities that have paid a site license fee. Students could register with a site-specific username and password - though such credentials are likely to be shared or forgotten, diminishing security and increasing user frustration and support burden. Mon, 17 Nov 2014 00:00:00 +0000Rate my nuke: Bringing the nuclear power plant control room to iPadhttps://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/scada/rate-nuke-bringing-nuclear-power-plant-control-room-ipad-35602Industrial Control Systems monitor and control industrial processes that exist in the physical world and by design, are isolated from public networks. However, the prevailing use case, connectivity, and integration of mobile devices in the workplace has impacted the industrial environment. These isolated control system networks are now under pressure due to market demand to become Internet-accessible. Therefore, a security architecture for mobile device usage in th industrial environment must be designed with security controls and proper certificate-based authentication. Fri, 14 Nov 2014 00:00:00 +0000Securing DNS to Thwart Advanced Targeted Attacks and Reduce Data Breacheshttps://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/analyst/securing-dns-thwart-advanced-targeted-attacks-reduce-data-breaches-35597Internet traffic is severely affected when critical DNS services are not reliable or are compromised by cyber attacks. However, DNS services can be secured with the right configuration and deployment of appropriate solutions. Wed, 12 Nov 2014 00:00:00 +0000Password Security-- Thirty-Five Years Laterhttps://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/basics/password-security-thirty-five-years-35592Computer historians trace the first use of a computer password back to Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the 1960s (McMillan, 2012). MIT's time-sharing computer, called Compatible Time-Sharing System (CTSS), was designed to accommodate multiple users on many terminals. Wed, 12 Nov 2014 00:00:00 +0000Secure Design with Exploit Infusionhttps://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/application/secure-design-exploit-infusion-35587In the age of a highly digitally connected world, the ever-increasing security threat has prompted many initiatives to address it. One important area is to build security into software development. Tue, 11 Nov 2014 00:00:00 +0000Be Ready for a Breach with Intelligent Responsehttps://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/analyst/ready-breach-intelligent-response-35582By preparing a careful plan and resilient response infrastructure before an attack, organizations can limit both data loss and the reactive, post-incident expenses. The result: greatly reduced impact and costs associated with events. Wed, 05 Nov 2014 00:00:00 +0000That's where the Data is! Why Break into the Office of Personnel Management Systems - Because That Is Where the Sensitive Information for Important People Is Maintained! https://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/bestprac/data-is-break-office-personnel-management-systems-35577To obtain the most complete information about American personnel who have security clearance, an adversary would clearly be interested in compromising the information being collected by the Office of Personnel Management (OPM). The aggregation of information about an individual and their life history is collected and maintained by this organization and available in one place. Tue, 04 Nov 2014 00:00:00 +0000Application White-listing with Bit9 Parityhttps://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/casestudies/application-white-listing-bit9-parity-35572Antivirus is a requirement for a host of compliance standards and is championed to be a critical component for any security baseline (PCI-DSS 3.0-5.1). A recent google search for "Cyber Security Breaches" in Google News shows 16,700 results in Google News. Wed, 29 Oct 2014 00:00:00 +0000Data Center Server Security Survey 2014https://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/analyst/data-center-server-security-survey-2014-35567Learn how organizations are tackling the difficult problem of data center security, explore their best practices and consider improvements needed for data centers to meet compliance demands while reducing overall risk and management complexity. Wed, 29 Oct 2014 00:00:00 +0000The Best Defenses Against Zero-day Exploits for Various-sized Organizationshttps://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/bestprac/defenses-zero-day-exploits-various-sized-organizations-35562Zero-day exploits are vulnerabilities that have yet to be publicly disclosed. These exploits are usually the most difficult to defend against because data is generally only available for analysis after the attack has completed its course. These vulnerabilities are highly sought after by cyber criminals, governments, and software vendors who will pay high prices for access to the exploit (Bilge & Dumitras, 2012).Mon, 27 Oct 2014 00:00:00 +0000The Spy with a License to Killhttps://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/scada/spy-license-kill-35557The opening scene of GoldenEye underscores the skills and precision of James Bond, 007. Years of experience and training make impossible missions look routine. These skills alone would not allow 007 to succeed; rather, a calculated plan that targeted the vulnerabilities in the Archangel Chemical Weapons Facility coupled with 007's skills provided for a successful mission. Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 +0000Detect, Investigate, Scrutinize and Contain with Rapid7 UserInsighthttps://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/analyst/detect-investigate-scrutinize-rapid7-userinsight-35552A review of Rapid7 UserInsight by SANS senior analyst Jerry Shenk. It discusses a tool that highlights user credential misuse while tracking endpoint system details that would be valuable to an incident response team.Thu, 23 Oct 2014 00:00:00 +0000Reducing the Catch: Fighting Spear-Phishing in a Large Organizationhttps://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/forensics/reducing-catch-fighting-spear-phishing-large-organization-35547The phishing problem isn't new. Over 150 years ago, Charles Dickens wrote a passionate and witty letter about fraudsters of his day who, like Nigerian 419 scammers today, preyed upon the generosity and gullibility of well-meaning folk. The differences in our time are that of scale and scope, as the perpetrators have taken on seven league boots and covered continents with their shameless appeals. Mon, 20 Oct 2014 00:00:00 +0000