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SANS NewsBites is a semiweekly high-level executive summary of the most important news articles that have been published on computer security during the last week. Each news item is very briefly summarized and includes a reference on the web for detailed information, if possible.

Spend five minutes per week to keep up with the high-level perspective of all the latest security news. New issues are delivered free every Tuesday and Friday.

Volume XXII - Issue #88

November 6, 2020

Bipartisan Coalition of State Governors Announce Cyber Talent Discovery and Scholarship Program; National Guard Called in on Ransomware Attacks; Ransomware Hits Brazil (country), Mattel (toys), Campari (booze), and Prison


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SANS NewsBites               November 6, 2020               Vol. 22, Num. 088

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THE TOP OF THE NEWS


  Bipartisan Coalition of State Governors Announce Cyber Talent Discovery and Scholarship Program For High School Students

  Vermont National Guard Called in to Help Hospital Recover from Ransomware

  Brazilian Courts Suffer Ransomware Attack

  Mattel Discloses Ransomware Attack

  Campari Group Network Hit With Ransomware

  Private Prison Operator Discloses Ransomware Attack



REST OF THE WEEK'S NEWS


  Chrome Zero-days are Being Actively Exploited

  Adobe Acrobat and Reader Updates Fix Flaws, Remove Insert Flash Option

  DoJ Seizes $1 Billion in Silk Road-related Cryptocurrency

  Capcom Discloses Cyberattack

  Massachusetts Votes to Grant Third-Party Access to Wireless Car Repair Data

  Update Available for WordPress Welcart eCommerce Plugin

  Apple Releases Update to Fix Three Actively Exploited Flaws in iOS, macOS


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TOP OF THE NEWS   

 

--Bipartisan Coalition of State Governors Announce Cyber Talent Discovery and Scholarship Program For High School Students

(November 5, 2020)

Governors from Texas, North Dakota, Alabama, New Jersey, Utah, Idaho, Maryland, and Virginia announced CyberStart America - enabling all high school students in their states to discover whether they have an aptitude to excel in cybersecurity and to win millions in college scholarships.


Read more in:

Gov.texas: Governor Abbott Announces Partnership With CyberStart America To Promote Cybersecurity Career Track For Texas High School Students

https://gov.texas.gov/news/post/governor-abbott-announces-partnership-with-cyberstart-america-to-promote-cybersecurity-career-track-for-texas-high-school-students

Scholarship Program: https://www.nationalcyberscholarship.org

Talent Search: https://www.cyberstartamerica.org



--Vermont National Guard Called in to Help with Hospital Recover from Ransomware

(November 5, 2020)

Vermont's governor has called in the state's Army National Guard's Combined Cyber Response Team to help the University of Vermont Health Network respond to a ransomware attack that affected six area hospitals.


[Editor Comments]


[Neely] Finding skilled help to help recovery efforts can be challenging and expensive; leveraging existing trained response teams like this, particularly with hospital and other community services, should be investigated prior to needing them. Identify and verify where you can get help, now, before you're dealing with a significant incident such as ransomware.


Read more in:

Infosecurity Magazine: National Guard to Help Vermont Health Network After Cyber-Attack

https://www.infosecurity-magazine.com/news/national-guard-uvm-health-network/

Security Week: Guard Cyber Team to Help Respond to Hospitals Cyberattack

https://www.securityweek.com/guard-cyber-team-help-respond-hospitals-cyberattack



--Brazilian Courts Suffer Ransomware Attack

(November 5, 2020)

The computer network of Brazil's Superior Court of Justice was the victim of a ransomware attack earlier this week. The country's Secretariat for Information and Communication Technology (STI) is working to recover affected systems. A Brazilian journalist said that other Brazilian government agencies are offline.


[Editor Comments]


Read more in:

Bleeping Computer: Brazil's court system under massive RansomExx ransomware attack

https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/brazils-court-system-under-massive-ransomexx-ransomware-attack/

 
 

--Mattel Discloses Ransomware Attack

(November 4, 2020)

Toy manufacturer Mattel has disclosed that its network was hit with a ransomware attack in late July. The company revealed the information in a form 10-Q filing with the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).


Read more in:

ZDNet: Toy maker Mattel discloses ransomware attack

https://www.zdnet.com/article/toy-maker-mattel-discloses-ransomware-attack/

Threatpost: Toymaker Mattel Hit by Ransomware Attack

https://threatpost.com/mattel-hit-by-ransomware/160947/

Cyberscoop: Nothing is sacred: Ransomware attack hit toy maker Mattel's systems this summer

https://www.cyberscoop.com/ransomware-attack-mattel-toys/

Investors.mattel: United States Securities and Exchange Commission | Form 10-Q | Mattel, Inc.

https://investors.mattel.com/node/32206/html


 

--Campari Group Network Hit With Ransomware

(November 5, 2020)

Italian beverage company Campari Group disclosed that ransomware infiltrated its network on Sunday, November 1. The company said that it isolated affected systems and temporarily suspended IT services, and that it plans to wipe and restore affected systems.


Read more in:

ZDNet: Italian beverage vendor Campari knocked offline after ransomware attack

https://www.zdnet.com/article/italian-beverage-vendor-campari-knocked-offline-after-ransomware-attack/

 
 

--Private Prison Operator Discloses Ransomware Attack

(November 5, 2020)

A company that operates private prisons says it was the victim of a ransomware attack. GEO Group says that attackers may have stolen data during the incident, which occurred in August 19, 2020. The company's 120 facilities include several US immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) detention centers. The information was disclosed in a form 8-K filing with the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).


Read more in:

Security Week: Private Prison Operator GEO Group Discloses Data Breach

https://www.securityweek.com/private-prison-operator-geo-group-discloses-data-breach

ZDNet: Company that runs US illegal immigration detention centers discloses ransomware attack

https://www.zdnet.com/article/company-that-runs-us-illegal-immigration-detention-centers-discloses-ransomware-attack/

SEC: United States Securities and Exchange Commission Form 8-K | The GEO Group, Inc.

https://www.sec.gov/ix?doc=/Archives/edgar/data/923796/000119312520284748/d39807d8k.htm


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THE REST OF THE WEEK'S NEWS

 

--Chrome Zero-days are Being Actively Exploited

(November 3 & 4, 2020)

Google has fixed vulnerabilities in its Chrome Browser that are being actively exploited. Users of the Chrome browser for Windows, macOS, and Linux should update to Chrome version 86.0.4240.183; users of Chrome for Android should update to Chrome version 86.0.4240.185.


[Editor Comments]


[Neely] Chrome is a popular target this month. The weakness in the Android version allows for sandbox escape and OS level code execution. It is also being leveraged to exploit other system weaknesses such as the Windows Kernel Cryptography Driver vulnerability. Long story short, push the updates now.


Read more in:

The Register: If you're an update laggard, buck up: Chrome zero-days are being exploited in the wild

https://www.theregister.com/2020/11/04/google_chrome_critical_updates/

ZDNet: After two zero-days in Chrome desktop, Google patches a third zero-day in the Android version

https://www.zdnet.com/article/after-two-zero-days-in-chrome-desktop-google-patches-a-third-zero-day-in-the-android-version/

Ars Technica: Google fixes two more Chrome zero-days that were under active exploit

https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2020/11/google-fixes-two-more-chrome-zerodays-that-were-under-active-exploit/

Threatpost: Two Chrome Browser Updates Plug Holes Actively Targeted by Exploits

https://threatpost.com/chrome-holes-actively-targeted/160890/

 
 

--Adobe Acrobat and Reader Updates Fix Flaws, Remove Insert Flash Option

(November 3 & 4, 2020)

Adobe has released updates to address a total of 14 security issues in Reader and Acrobat. Four of the vulnerabilities are rated critical; they could be exploited to allow "arbitrary code execution in the context of the current user." The updates also remove the Embed Flash and Insert Media options from the PDFMaker menu.


[Editor Comments]


[Neely] Adobe categorizes the updates as priority 2, products which have been historically targeted and the vulnerabilities have no known exploits. Given that the exploits enable arbitrary code and JavaScript execution, as well as privilege escalation, inclusion with your November patch cycle is the latest you'll want to deploy the updates. Sooner is better.


Read more in:

Threatpost: Adobe Warns Windows, MacOS Users of Critical Acrobat and Reader Flaws

https://threatpost.com/adobe-windows-macos-critical-acrobat-reader-flaws/160903

ZDNet: Adobe kills Flash in Acrobat and Reader - pushes out these critical security bug fixes

https://www.zdnet.com/article/now-adobe-strips-flash-from-reader-and-acrobat-pushes-out-critical-security-bug-fixes/

The Register: Was that November's Patch Tuesday? Already? Oh, no, it's just Adobe issuing 14 emergency security fixes

https://www.theregister.com/2020/11/04/adobe_emergency_patch/

Adobe: Security Updates Available for Adobe Acrobat and Reader | APSB20-67

https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/acrobat/apsb20-67.html

Adobe: Reader & Acrobat November 2020 Release (DC Continuous, Acrobat 2020 & Acrobat 2017)

https://community.adobe.com/t5/acrobat-reader/reader-amp-acrobat-november-2020-release-dc-continuous-acrobat-2020-amp-acrobat-2017/td-p/11564526?page=1

Adobe: What's new in Acrobat DC

https://helpx.adobe.com/acrobat/using/whats-new.html

 
 

--DoJ Seizes $1 Billion in Silk Road-related Cryptocurrency

(November 5, 2020)

A Bitcoin wallet was mysteriously relieved of 1 billion USD worth of the cryptocurrency on November 3. The action was revealed to be the work of the US Department of Justice (DoJ). The funds in the wallet were linked to Silk Road, the darknet marketplace that was shut down in 2013. The funds appear to have been stolen from Silk Road prior to the founder's trial and sentencing. The person who stole the funds, identified only as Individual X, has signed a Consent and Agreement to Forfeiture. Silk Road's founder is currently serving two life sentences in prison.  


Read more in:

Wired: The Feds Seized $1 Billion in Stolen Silk Road Bitcoins

https://www.wired.com/story/feds-seize-billion-stolen-silk-road-bitcoin/

Vice: U.S. Feds Seized Nearly $1 Billion in Bitcoin from Wallet Linked to Silk Road

https://www.vice.com/en/article/akdgz8/us-feds-seize-1-billion-in-bitcoin-from-wallet-linked-to-silk-road

Ars Technica: The feds just seized Silk Road's $1 billion stash of bitcoin

https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2020/11/feds-seize-1-billion-in-bitcoin-from-silk-road-drug-marketplace/

Bleeping Computer: US govt behind $1 billion Bitcoin transfer of Silk Road funds

https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/us-govt-behind-1-billion-bitcoin-transfer-of-silk-road-funds/

 
 

--Capcom Discloses Cyberattack

(November 4 & 5, 2020)

Video game developer Capcom has disclosed that some of its networks were hit with a cyberattack on November 2. In a press release, Capcom said "it has halted some operations of its internal networks." The attack appears to have affected Capcom's email system as well; a notice on the company's website says that it is currently "unable to reply to inquiries and/or to fulfill requests for documents."


Read more in:

ZDNet: Capcom quietly discloses cyberattack impacting email, file servers

https://www.zdnet.com/article/capcom-quietly-discloses-cyberattack-impacting-email-file-servers/

Bleeping Computer: Capcom hit by Ragnar Locker ransomware, 1TB allegedly stolen

https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/capcom-hit-by-ragnar-locker-ransomware-1tb-allegedly-stolen/

 
 

--Massachusetts Votes to Grant Third-Party Access to Wireless Car Repair Data

(November 4 & 5, 2020)

Massachusetts has voted to extend the state's automotive right-to-repair law to connected car platforms and telematics. The initial right to repair automotive law passed in 2013 and took effect in 2018. It requires that all vehicles sold in Massachusetts have a "non-proprietary vehicle interface device" to allow repair businesses to access mechanical data. The newly passed ballot initiative will allow car owners and independent repair businesses access to wireless vehicle maintenance and repair information.


[Editor Comments]


[Pescatore] Car manufacturers having proprietary interfaces to car telematics in no way guarantees a higher level of security - nor does having an open common access platform. The real issue is the societal decision about market competition for diagnostic and repair services and then the security level has to enable that. This reminds me of the old debate: "Proprietary code is safer than open source code because attackers can't see the code" vs. "Open source code is safer than proprietary code because of all the eyes looking at it." The real answer has always been "code written and tested with security and safety as a key focus/requirement by developers and testers skilled in security is the only software that will be safe and secure."


[Neely] Of note is the trend that almost every new car sold in 2020 included a cellular modem to allow for remote monitoring and data collection, promising a more proactive maintenance/service notification and tracking experience for consumers. And while some manufacturers are working to monetize that information, a big concern about providing access to the online interface by third-parties is that it also has the ability to send commands to vehicle components for maintenance, diagnostics and repair, which heightens the need to get security right quickly.


Read more in:

Ars Technica: Connected cars must be open to third parties, say Massachusetts voters

https://arstechnica.com/cars/2020/11/massachusetts-votes-to-extend-right-to-repair-law-to-connected-cars/

Securepairs: SecuRepairs Celebrates Huge Win for Right To Repair in Massachusetts

https://securepairs.org/securepairs-celebrates-huge-win-for-right-to-repair-in-massachusetts/

Security Ledger: Episode 193: Repair, Cyber and Your Car with Assaf Harel of Karamba Security

https://securityledger.com/2020/11/episode-193-repair-cyber-and-your-car-with-assaf-harel-of-karamba-security/

 
 

--Update Available for WordPress Welcart eCommerce Plugin

(November 5, 2020)

A critical vulnerability in the Welcart eCommerce WordPress plugin could be exploited to inject a PHP Object. The plugin's publisher was notified of the issue earlier this month and released an updated version, Welcart eCommerce 1.9.36, on October 20.


[Editor Comments]


[Neely] The exploit uses vulnerabilities resolved in last week's WordPress emergency 5.5.2/5.5.3 update. Verify both updates were automatically installed on your WordPress system. The free version of Wordfence will get a firewall rule to block attempted exploits on November 8th.


Read more in:

Wordfence: Object Injection Vulnerability in Welcart e-Commerce Plugin

https://www.wordfence.com/blog/2020/11/object-injection-vulnerability-in-welcart-e-commerce-plugin/

 
 

--Apple Releases Update to Fix Three Actively Exploited Flaws in iOS, macOS

(November 5, 2020)

Apple has updated its mobile and desktop operating systems to fix three security flaws that are being actively exploited. The three vulnerabilities were detected by Google's Project Zero, which gives developers just seven days to fix flaws that are  being exploited in the wild. Users are urged to update their devices to iOS 14.2 and macOS 10.15.7. Updates are also available for iPadOS, watchOS, and for older iPhones.


[Editor Comments]


[Neely] The vulnerabilities were severe enough to warrant updates to iOS 12, and watchOS 6, which are for older unsupported devices. If, after updating to iOS 14.2 you have applications that die on startup, you can use the "Offload App" option under the device storage setting, followed by Reinstall App on that same screen to reinstall the application without losing data or settings.


Read more in:

Ars Technica: Apple patches iOS against 3 actively exploited 0-days found by Google

https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2020/11/apple-patches-ios-against-3-actively-exploited-0days-found-by-google/

ZDNet: Apple fixes three iOS zero-days exploited in the wild

https://www.zdnet.com/article/apple-fixes-three-ios-zero-days-exploited-in-the-wild/

The Register: Apple emits iOS, iPadOS, watchOS, macOS patches to fix three hijack-my-device flaws exploited in the wild

https://www.theregister.com/2020/11/05/apple_drops_patches_to_fix/

 
 

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INTERNET STORM CENTER TECH CORNER


Attackers Exploiting WebLogic Servers to Install Cobalt Strike

https://isc.sans.edu/forums/diary/Attackers+Exploiting+WebLogic+Servers+via+CVE202014882+to+install+Cobalt+Strike/26752


Did You Spot "Invoke-Expression" ?

https://isc.sans.edu/forums/diary/Did+You+Spot+InvokeExpression/26762/


New SaltStack Vulnerabilities

https://www.saltstack.com/blog/on-november-3-2020-saltstack-publicly-disclosed-three-new-cves/


Adobe Releases Acrobat/Reader Update

https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/acrobat/apsb20-67.html


Malicious Twilio NPM Package

https://www.npmjs.com/advisories/1574


GitHub Workflow Injection Vulnerabilities

https://bugs.chromium.org/p/project-zero/issues/detail?id=2070&can=2&q=&colspec=ID%20Type%20Status%20Priority%20Milestone%20Owner%20Summary&cells=ids


Cisco AnyConnect Security Mobility Client

https://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-anyconnect-ipc-KfQO9QhK


Google Chrome Root CA Policy

https://www.chromium.org/Home/chromium-security/root-ca-policy


Android November 2020 Security Bulletin

https://source.android.com/security/bulletin/2020-11-01


Apple Security Updates

https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT201222


Corporate VoIP Phone System Attacks

https://blog.checkpoint.com/2020/11/05/whos-calling-gaza-and-west-bank-hackers-exploit-and-monetize-corporate-voip-phone-system-vulnerability-internationally/


Mark Lucas: Replacing WINS in an Open Environment with Policy Managed DNS Servers

https://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/dns/replacing-wins-open-environment-policy-managed-dns-servers-39820

 
 

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The Editorial Board of SANS NewsBites

 

John Pescatore was Vice President at Gartner Inc. for fourteen years. He became a director of the SANS Institute in 2013. He has worked in computer and network security since 1978 including time at the NSA and the U.S. Secret Service.


Shawn Henry is president of CrowdStrike Services. He retired as FBI Executive Assistant Director responsible for all criminal and cyber programs and investigations worldwide, as well as international operations and the FBI's critical incident response.


Suzanne Vautrinot was Commander of the 24th Air Force (AF Cyber) and now sits on the board of directors of Wells Fargo and several other major organizations.


Ed Skoudis is co-founder of CounterHack, the nation's top producer of cyber ranges, simulations, and competitive challenges, now used from high schools to the Air Force. He is also author and lead instructor of the SANS Hacker Exploits and Incident Handling course, and Penetration Testing course.


Mark Weatherford is Global Information Security Strategist for Booking Holdings and the former Deputy Under Secretary of Cybersecurity at the US Department of Homeland Security.


Stephen Northcutt teaches advanced courses in cyber security management; he founded the GIAC certification and was the founding President of STI, the premier skills-based cyber security graduate school, www.sans.edu.


Dr. Johannes Ullrich is Chief Technology Officer of the Internet Storm Center and Dean of the Faculty of the graduate school at the SANS Technology Institute.


William Hugh Murray is an executive consultant and trainer in Information Assurance and Associate Professor at the Naval Postgraduate School.


Lee Neely is a Senior Cyber Analyst at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, SANS Analyst and Mentor. He has worked in computer security since 1989.


Rob Lee is the SANS Institute's top forensics instructor and director of the digital forensics and incident response research and education program at SANS (computer-forensics.sans.org).


Tom Liston is member of the Cyber Network Defense team at UAE-based Dark Matter. He is a Handler for the SANS Institute's Internet Storm Center and co-author of the book Counter Hack Reloaded.


Jake Williams is a SANS course author and the founder of Rendition Infosec, with experience securing DoD, healthcare, and ICS environments.


David Hoelzer is the director of research & principal examiner for Enclave Forensics and a senior fellow with the SANS Technology Institute.


Gal Shpantzer is a trusted advisor to CSOs of large corporations, technology startups, Ivy League universities and non-profits specializing in critical infrastructure protection. Gal created the Security Outliers project in 2009, focusing on the role of culture in risk management outcomes and contributes to the Infosec Burnout project.


Alan Paller is director of research at the SANS Institute.


Brian Honan is an independent security consultant based in Dublin, Ireland.


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