Recent Security Issues


SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP


Title: How attackers are hiding in proxyware

Description: Adversaries are finding new ways to monetize their attacks by abusing internet-sharing, or "proxyware" platforms like Honeygain, Nanowire, and others. This poses new challenges to organizations, especially to those whose internet access is rated as residential. But any organization could be at risk, as there are platforms that also allow data center-based internet sharing. Malicious actors are taking multiple avenues to monetize these new platforms in their favor. The most obvious one is the silent installation of the platform client to "sell" the victim's bandwidth without their knowledge. In some cases, the adversaries patch the client to stop any alerts that would warn the victim. As these platforms became more popular, the adversaries started to leverage trojanized installers, which install the legitimate platform client as well as digital currency miners and information stealers. Given the nature of proxyware services, the users expect that their performance will suffer, making it a perfect disguise for coin miners.

References: https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2021/08/proxyware-abuse.html

Snort SIDs: 45549, 46237, 58030 – 58033

Cisco Secure Endpoint OSQueries: malware_honeygain_trojanized_installer, malware_honeygain_loader, malware_honeygain_bot


Title: Botnet starting to scan for routers vulnerable to Realtek exploits

Description: A botnet similar to Mirai is actively scanning for wireless routers affected by a recently disclosed denial-of-service vulnerability affecting SDKs for Realtek chipsets. An attacker could exploit the vulnerability by sending specially crafted inputs, eventually crashing the HTTP server running the management interface and eventually the router. Security researchers are calling the botnet in question “Dark.IoT.” The botnet reportedly waits for researchers and organizations to publish proof-of-concepts for newly discovered vulnerabilities, and only takes days to eventually incorporate them. Other Realtek vulnerabilities were disclosed two weeks ago that affect dozens of internet-of-things devices, including internet-connected cameras and WiFi repeaters.

References: https://www.theregister.com/2021/08/25/mirai_botnet_critical_vuln_realtek_radware/

Snort SIDs: 58052 - 58059

Security News


Representatives from several major tech companies met with U.S. President Joe Biden last week and pledged to invest billions of dollars in critical infrastructure cybersecurity.

https://techcrunch.com/2021/08/26/big-tech-pledges-billions-to-bolster-u-s-cybersecurity-defenses/


The attacker who claimed to be behind a massive hack on T-Mobile spoke to the Wall Street Journal, calling the mobile network’s security “awful.”

https://www.wsj.com/articles/t-mobile-hacker-who-stole-data-on-50-million-customers-their-security-is-awful-11629985105


Microsoft warned all Microsoft Azure cloud platform users to change their digital access keys after researchers discovered a vulnerability that could allow attackers to steal, change or delete millions of Cosmos DB database records.

https://www.reuters.com/technology/researchers-cybersecurity-agency-urge-action-by-microsoft-cloud-database-users-2021-08-28/


A vulnerability in gaming company Razer’s installer could allow anyone to obtain root privileges on a Windows machine when plugging in a Razer mouse.

https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2021/08/need-to-get-root-on-a-windows-box-plug-in-a-razer-gaming-mouse/


A vulnerability in the Bumble dating app could have allowed any user to identify the precise location of any else using the app.

https://www.securitymagazine.com/articles/95979-vulnerability-in-bumble-dating-app-reveals-users-exact-location


Microsoft Office users are being targeted with a spam campaign designed to steal their login credentials after sending them to a fake Google reCAPTCHA page.

https://www.zdnet.com/article/this-phishing-attack-is-using-a-sneaky-trick-to-steal-your-passwords-warns-microsoft/


The newly discovered LockFile ransomware is exploiting the ProxyShell vulnerabilities in Microsoft Exchange server and uses a unique intermittent encryption method.

https://threatpost.com/lockfile-ransomware-avoid-detection/169042/

Vulnerabilities with Exploits


COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.


ID: CVE-2021-37705

Title: Weak Authentication Vulnerability in Onefuzz Deployment

Vendor: Microsoft

Description: OneFuzz is an open source self-hosted Fuzzing-As-A-Service platform. Starting with OneFuzz 2.12.0 or greater, an incomplete authorization check allows an authenticated user from any Azure Active Directory tenant to make authorized API calls to a vulnerable OneFuzz instance. To be vulnerable, a OneFuzz deployment must be both version 2.12.0 or greater and deployed with the non-default --multi_tenant_domain option. This can result in read/write access to private data such as software vulnerability and crash information, security testing tools and proprietary code and symbols. Via authorized API calls, this also enables tampering with existing data and unauthorized code execution on Azure compute resources. This issue is resolved starting in release 2.31.0, via the addition of application-level check of the bearer token's `issuer` against an administrator-configured allowlist. As a workaround users can restrict access to the tenant of a deployed OneFuzz instance < 2.31.0 by redeploying in the default configuration, which omits the `--multi_tenant_domain` option.

CVSS v3.1 Base Score: 10 (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H)


ID: CVE-2016-0761

Title: Weak Permissions Vulnerability in Cloud Foundry Garden Linux

Vendor: Pivotal Software

Description: Cloud Foundry Garden-Linux versions prior to v0.333.0 and Elastic Runtime 1.6.x version prior to 1.6.17 contain a flaw in managing container files during Docker image preparation that could be used to delete, corrupt or overwrite host files and directories, including other container filesystems on the host.

CVSS v3.0 Base Score: 9.8 (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H)


ID: CVE-2021-22714

Title: Buffer Overflow Vulnerability in PowerLogic Devices

Vendor: PowerLogic

Description: A CWE-119:Improper restriction of operations within the bounds of a memory buffer vulnerability exists in PowerLogic ION7400, PM8000 and ION9000 (All versions prior to V3.0.0), which could cause the meter to reboot or allow for remote code execution.

CVSS v3.0 Base Score: 9.8 (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H)


ID: CVE-2021-38553

Title: Weak Permissions Vulnerability in HashiCorp Vault

Vendor: HashiCorp

Description HashiCorp Vault and Vault Enterprise 1.4.0 through 1.7.3 initialized an underlying database file associated with the Integrated Storage feature with excessively broad filesystem permissions. Fixed in Vault and Vault Enterprise 1.8.0.

CVSS v3.1 Base Score: 9.8 (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H)


ID: CVE-2021-37608

Title: Malicious File Upload Vulnerability in Apache OFBiz

Vendor: Apache

Description: Unrestricted Upload of File with Dangerous Type vulnerability in Apache OFBiz allows an attacker to execute remote commands. This issue affects Apache OFBiz version 17.12.07 and prior versions. Upgrade to at least 17.12.08 or apply patches at https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/OFBIZ-12297.

CVSS v3.1 Base Score: 9.8 (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H)

Prevalent Malware Files


COMPILED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP


SHA 256: c1d5a585fce188423d31df3ea806272f3daa5eb989e18e9ecf3d94b97b965f8e

MD5: 9a4b7b0849a274f6f7ac13c7577daad8

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/c1d5a585fce188423d31df3ea806272f3daa5eb989e18e9ecf3d94b97b965f8e/details

Typical Filename: ww31.exe

Claimed Product: N/A

Detection Name: W32.GenericKD:Attribute.24ch.1201


SHA 256: 9a74640ca638b274bc8e81f4561b4c48b0c5fbcb78f6350801746003ded565eb

MD5: 6be10a13c17391218704dc24b34cf736

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/9a74640ca638b274bc8e81f4561b4c48b0c5fbcb78f6350801746003ded565eb/details

Typical Filename: smbscanlocal0906.exe

Claimed Product: N/A

Detection Name: Win.Dropper.Ranumbot::in03.talos


SHA 256: 85b936960fbe5100c170b777e1647ce9f0f01e3ab9742dfc23f37cb0825b30b5

MD5: 8c80dd97c37525927c1e549cb59bcbf3

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/85b936960fbe5100c170b777e1647ce9f0f01e3ab9742dfc23f37cb0825b30b5/details

Typical Filename: Eter.exe

Claimed Product: N/A

Detection Name: Win.Exploit.Shadowbrokers::5A5226262.auto.talos


SHA 256: e3eeaee0af4b549eae4447fa20cfe205e8d56beecf43cf14a11bf3e86ae6e8bd

MD5: 8193b63313019b614d5be721c538486b

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/e3eeaee0af4b549eae4447fa20cfe205e8d56beecf43cf14a11bf3e86ae6e8bd/details

Typical Filename: SAService.exe

Claimed Product: SAService

Detection Name: PUA.Win.Dropper.Segurazo::95.sbx.tg


SHA 256: 5e46ecffcff9440e97bf4f0a85ad34132407f925b27a8759f5a01de5ea4da6af

MD5: 0a13d106fa3997a0c911edd5aa0e147a

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/5e46ecffcff9440e97bf4f0a85ad34132407f925b27a8759f5a01de5ea4da6af/details

Typical Filename: mg20201223-1.exe

Claimed Product: N/A

Detection Name: RanumBot::mURLin::W32.5E46ECFFCF.in12.Talos