Recent Security Issues


SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: Infamous RAT returns in COVID-related scams

Description: The Agent Tesla remote access trojan (RAT) is back again, this time using COVID-19-related phishing documents as its initial infection vector. Attackers are sending emails claiming to have a COVID-19 vaccine schedule attached as an RTF document. The malicious attachment exploits a known Microsoft Office remote code execution vulnerability, CVE-2017-11882, to infect the victim with Agent Tesla. This version of the RAT appears to be the most recent, with updated anti-detection capabilities and data theft tools. Although many countries, including the U.S., are starting to loosen pandemic restrictions as vaccination rates increase, this campaign shows that attackers will continue using COVID-19 as a popular spam topic.

Reference: https://threatpost.com/agent-tesla-covid-vax-phish/167082/

Snort SIDs: 57787


Title: Attackers may be relying on one another to access corporate networks

Description: A new report indicates that APTs may be exchanging information and money as part of a vast network of cyber criminals distributing ransomware. Some of these groups buy access from other, independent adversaries who infiltrate major targets and eventually receive part of the proceeds from a successful ransomware infection. As part of this, security researchers at Proofpoint uncovered several new actors. One of these groups, which it named TA577, has been active since mid-2020. It’s used several ransomware payloads including SmokeLoader, IcedID, Ursnif and Cobalt Strike.

References:

-https://www.itpro.co.uk/security/ransomware/359919/ransomware-criminals-look-to-other-hackers-to-provide-them-with-network

-https://www.proofpoint.com/us/blog/threat-insight/first-step-initial-access-leads-ransomware

Snort SIDs: 57786, 57791

Security News


A state-sponsored cyberespionage campaign that exploited vulnerabilities in Pulse Connect Secure networking devices had a broader scope than initially suspected.

https://apnews.com/article/government-and-politics-hacking-technology-business-7350235e07d46ba5afc1238b553ea4b9


Ukrainian law enforcement arrested several individuals for their alleged involvement in the CLOP ransomware; the arrests were part of an international operation.

https://www.govinfosecurity.com/ukraine-arrests-6-clop-ransomware-operation-suspects-a-16885


The Colonial Pipeline ransomware attack has made clear that critical infrastructure entities need cyberthreat recovery plans for both information technology (IT) and operational technology (OT).

https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2021/06/new-world-after-pipeline-ransomware-ONG.html


Researchers at Talos have observed an increase in Business Email Compromise attacks.

https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2021/06/business-email-compromise.html


Most US critical infrastructure water systems are non-profit entities and lack dedicated cybersecurity staff.

https://www.nbcnews.com/tech/security/50000-security-disasters-waiting-happen-problem-americas-water-supplie-rcna1206


Attackers are selling sensitive data they claim they stole from Audi and Volkswagen, including vehicle identification numbers and customer names and email addresses.

https://www.vice.com/en/article/xgxaq4/hackers-are-selling-data-stolen-from-audi-and-volkswagen


Encrypted messaging app Wire patched a cross-site scripting vulnerability that could have allowed an adversary to fully control user accounts.

https://portswigger.net/daily-swig/xss-flaw-in-wire-messaging-app-allowed-attackers-to-fully-control-user-accounts


The U.S. Senate confirmed Chris Inglis as the country’s national cyber director. Inglis, the former NSA deputy director, takes over the previously vacant role at a time when lawmakers are pressing for a tougher stance against ransomware operators.

https://www.politico.com/news/2021/06/17/senate-confirms-chris-inglis-cyber-495075


A hacker breached the New York City Law Department’s network with an email password stolen from an employee.

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/06/18/nyregion/nyc-law-department-hack.html


Carnival Cruise Line says a data breach in March of this year may have exposed customer and employee social security numbers, passport numbers and addresses.

https://apnews.com/article/technology-business-9de1969a7fa7ead411a72e7235f06bf3

Vulnerabilities with Exploits


COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.


ID: CVE-2020-14871

Title: Remote Code Execution Vulnerability in Oracle Solaris

Vendor: Oracle

Description: Vulnerability in the Oracle Solaris product of Oracle Systems (component: Pluggable authentication module). Supported versions that are affected are 10 and 11. Easily exploitable vulnerability allows unauthenticated attacker with network access via multiple protocols to compromise Oracle Solaris. While the vulnerability is in Oracle Solaris, attacks may significantly impact additional products. Successful attacks of this vulnerability can result in takeover of Oracle Solaris.

CVSS v3.1 Base Score: 10 (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H)


ID: CVE-2020-14871

Title: Buffer Overflow Vulnerability in Oracle Solaris

Vendor: Oracle

Description: Vulnerability in the Oracle Solaris product of Oracle Systems (component: Pluggable authentication module). Supported versions that are affected are 10 and 11. Easily exploitable vulnerability allows unauthenticated attacker with network access via multiple protocols to compromise Oracle Solaris. While the vulnerability is in Oracle Solaris, attacks may significantly impact additional products. Successful attacks of this vulnerability can result in takeover of Oracle Solaris. Note: This CVE is not exploitable for Solaris 11.1 and later releases, and ZFSSA 8.7 and later releases.

CVSS v3.1 Base Score: 10 (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H)


ID: CVE-2021-31950

Title: Remote Code Execution Vulnerability in Microsoft Sharepoint

Vendor: Microsoft

Description: Microsoft SharePoint Server Spoofing Vulnerability This CVE ID is unique from CVE-2021-31948, CVE-2021-31964.

CVSS v3.1 Base Score: 8.1 (AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:N)


ID: CVE-2013-4988

Title: Buffer Overflow Vulnerability in IcoFX

Vendor: Icofx

Description: Stack-based buffer overflow in IcoFX 2.5 and earlier allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a long idCount value in an ICONDIR structure in an ICO file. NOTE: some of these details are obtained from third party information.

CVSS v2.0 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID: CVE-2020-13927

Title: Weak Authentication Vulnerability in Apache Airflow

Vendor: Apache

Description: The previous default setting for Airflow's Experimental API was to allow all API requests without authentication, but this poses security risks to users who miss this fact. From Airflow 1.10.11 the default has been changed to deny all requests by default and is documented at https://airflow.apache.org/docs/apache-airflow/1.10.11/security.html#api-authentication. Note this change fixes it for new installs but existing users need to change their config to default `[api]auth_backend = airflow.api.auth.backend.deny_all` as mentioned in the Updating Guide: https://github.com/apache/airflow/blob/1.10.11/UPDATING.md#experimental-api-will-deny-all-request-by-default

CVSS v3.1 Base Score: 9.8 (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H)


ID: CVE-2020-11978

Title: Code Injection Vulnerability in Apache Airflow

Vendor: Apache

Description: An issue was found in Apache Airflow versions 1.10.10 and below. A remote code/command injection vulnerability was discovered in one of the example DAGs shipped with Airflow which would allow any authenticated user to run arbitrary commands as the user running airflow worker/scheduler (depending on the executor in use). If you already have examples disabled by setting load_examples=False in the config then you are not vulnerable.

CVSS v3.1 Base Score: 8.8 (AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H)

Prevalent Malware Files


COMPILED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP


SHA 256: c1d5a585fce188423d31df3ea806272f3daa5eb989e18e9ecf3d94b97b965f8e

MD5: 9a4b7b0849a274f6f7ac13c7577daad8

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/c1d5a585fce188423d31df3ea806272f3daa5eb989e18e9ecf3d94b97b965f8e/details

Typical Filename: ww31.exe

Claimed Product: N/A

Detection Name: W32.GenericKD:Attribute.24ch.1201


SHA 256: 9a74640ca638b274bc8e81f4561b4c48b0c5fbcb78f6350801746003ded565eb

MD5: 6be10a13c17391218704dc24b34cf736

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/9a74640ca638b274bc8e81f4561b4c48b0c5fbcb78f6350801746003ded565eb/details

Typical Filename: smbscanlocal0906.exe

Claimed Product: N/A

Detection Name: Win.Dropper.Ranumbot::in03.talos


SHA 256: 9f1f11a708d393e0a4109ae189bc64f1f3e312653dcf317a2bd406f18ffcc507

MD5: 2915b3f8b703eb744fc54c81f4a9c67f

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/9f1f11a708d393e0a4109ae189bc64f1f3e312653dcf317a2bd406f18ffcc507/details

Typical Filename: VID.dat

Claimed Product: N/A

Detection Name: Win.Worm.Coinminer::1201


SHA 256: 8b4216a7c50599b11241876ada8ae6f07b48f1abe6590c2440004ea4db5becc9

MD5: 34560233e751b7e95f155b6f61e7419a

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/8b4216a7c50599b11241876ada8ae6f07b48f1abe6590c2440004ea4db5becc9/details

Typical Filename: SAntivirusService.exe

Claimed Product: A n t i v i r u s S e r v i c e

Detection Name: PUA.Win.Dropper.Segurazo::tpd


SHA 256: e3eeaee0af4b549eae4447fa20cfe205e8d56beecf43cf14a11bf3e86ae6e8bd

MD5: 8193b63313019b614d5be721c538486b

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/e3eeaee0af4b549eae4447fa20cfe205e8d56beecf43cf14a11bf3e86ae6e8bd/details

Typical Filename: SAService.exe

Claimed Product: SAService

Detection Name: PUA.Win.Dropper.Segurazo::95.sbx.tg