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@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

February 6, 2020

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     @RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

         February 06, 2020 - Vol. 20, Num. 06


Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors,

vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent

attacks worked


Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/at-risk


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CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES

INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE

MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES Jan. 30 - Feb. 6

============================================================


TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: NetWire variants used in fake business spam campaign


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TRAINING UPDATE


-- SANS 2020 | Orlando, FL | April 3-10 | https://www.sans.org/event/sans-2020


-- SANS Scottsdale 2020 | February 17-22 | https://www.sans.org/event/scottsdale-2020


-- Open-Source Intelligence Summit & Training 2020 | Alexandria, VA | February 18-24 | https://www.sans.org/event/osint-summit-2020


-- SANS Training at RSA Conference 2020 | San Francisco, CA | February 23-24 | https://www.sans.org/event/rsa-conference-2020


-- SANS Munich March 2020 | March 2-7 | https://www.sans.org/event/munich-march-2020


-- SANS Northern VA - Reston Spring 2020 | March 2-7 | https://www.sans.org/event/northern-va-spring-reston-2020


-- Blue Team Summit & Training 2020 | Louisville, KY | March 2-9 | https://www.sans.org/event/blue-team-summit-2020


-- ICS Security Summit & Training 2020 | Orlando, FL | March 2-9 | https://www.sans.org/event/ics-security-summit-2020


-- SANS London March 2020 | March 16-21 | https://www.sans.org/event/london-march-2020


-- SANS Secure Singapore 2020 | 16-28 March | https://www.sans.org/event/secure-singapore-2020


-- SANS Secure Canberra 2020 | March 23-28 | https://www.sans.org/event/secure-canberra-2020


-- SANS OnDemand and vLive Training

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https://www.sans.org/online-security-training/specials/


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https://www.sans.org/cyber-security-skills-roadmap


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============================================================


NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES

SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP


Title: NetWire RAT reappears with financial motivations

Description: Security researchers recently discovered a new variant of the NetWire remote access trojan being spread via fake business emails. Attackers are sending supposed invoices from legitimate-looking emails that download the RAT. Once infected, NetWire carries out a series of malicious actions that all appear aimed at stealing users' financial information and logins. NetWire first emerged in 2012, and has since gone through various iterations across multiple adversaries.

Reference: https://securityintelligence.com/posts/new-netwire-rat-campaigns-use-img-attachments-to-deliver-malware-targeting-enterprise-users/

Snort SIDs: 53026 - 53030


Title: Cisco small business switches open to denial of service attacks

Description: Cisco disclosed two high-severity vulnerabilities in some of its small business switches. An attacker could exploit these vulnerabilities to carry out denial-of-service attacks or obtain sensitive information. The Series Smart Switches, Series Managed Switches and Series Stackable Managed Switches are all vulnerable, though a patch is now available. Cisco said in its vulnerability advisory that it was unaware of active exploitation of any of these vulnerabilities.

Reference: https://threatpost.com/cisco-patches-high-severity-bugs-in-switch-lineup/152392/

Snort SIDs: 52993 - 52998


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INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY


Attackers took over the personal profile of a large data provider's employee, eventually gaining access to the company's account and spending others' money on fake advertisements.

https://www.cnet.com/news/hackers-infiltrated-a-big-facebook-data-partner-to-launch-scams/


A defense contractor with ties to the Pentagon was hit with a ransomware attack, though few details were available as of Tuesday. Electronic Warfare Associates says it is working with law enforcement agencies.

https://www.cyberscoop.com/ryuk-ransomware-ewa-dod-contractor/


Although Microsoft Office 365 does not use customers' information to make money, journalists hoping to keep their information secure may want to avoid using the service, according to a new report.

https://freedom.press/training/blog/newsrooms-lets-talk-about-office365/


A new report suggests security company Ring's Android app shares private information with Facebook and three marketing agencies.

https://www.latimes.com/business/technology/story/2020-01-29/ring-app-shares-personal-data-eff-finds


Sprint mistakenly exposed its private support community to the web, showing customer names, some location information and device ID numbers.

https://krebsonsecurity.com/2020/01/sprint-exposed-customer-support-site-to-web/


New reports indicate Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos' leaked text messages may have come from his girlfriend, and not the result of potential hacking from Saudi Arabia and The National Enquirer, as suggested by Bezos in the past.

https://www.engadget.com/2020/01/25/jeff-bezos-leaked-text-messages-origin/


The results of Iowa's much anticipated presidential primary election were delayed due to reporting errors with the state's mobile reporting software, among other problems.

https://www.theverge.com/2020/2/4/21122337/iowa-caucus-app-bug-results-reporting-crash-election-tech-democrats


The Department of Defense is adding new cyber security requirements for contractors applying to RFPs, slated to go into effect in 2026.

https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/dod-to-require-cybersecurity-certification-from-defense-contractors/


BlackBerry officially ended its production of hardware this week, further transitioning the company into the cyber security space after its acquisition of Cylance last year.

https://www.information-age.com/blackberrys-transition-cyber-security-company-focus-trust-123486853/


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RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE

COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM


This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are

available. System administrators can use this list to help in

prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability

Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit

frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet

activity.


ID:        CVE-2019-18426

Title:    whatsapp Cross-Site Scripting Vulnerability

Vendor: whatsapp

Description: A vulnerability in WhatsApp Desktop versions when paired with WhatsApp for iPhone versions allows cross-site scripting and local file reading. Exploiting the vulnerability requires the victim to click a link preview from a specially crafted text message.

CVSS v2 Base Score:    5.8 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:N)


ID:        CVE-2019-16027

Title:  Cisco IOS XR Software Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System Denial of Service Vulnerability

Vendor: Cisco

Description: A vulnerability in the implementation of the Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System (IS-IS) routing protocol functionality in Cisco IOS XR Software could allow an authenticated, remote attacker to cause a denial of service condition in the IS-IS process. The vulnerability is due to improper handling of a SNMP request for specific Object Identifiers OIDs by the IS-IS process. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by sending a crafted SNMP request to the affected device.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:S/C:N/I:N/A:P)


ID:        CVE-2019-16516

Title:  ConnectWise Control User Enumeration Information Disclosure Vulnerability

Vendor: ConnectWise

Description: An issue was discovered in ConnectWise Control (formerly known as ScreenConnect). ConnectWise Control is vulnerable to a user enumeration vulnerability, allowing an unauthenticated attacker to determine with certainty if an account exists for a given username.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 5.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N)


ID:        CVE-2020-8417

Title:  WordPress Code Snippets Plugin Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Vendor: WordPress

Description: WordPress plugin code snippets is vulnerable to cross site request forgery. Plugin's import function does not provide protection against CSRF. This vulnerability leads to Remote Code Execution. An attacker could possibly exploit this vulnerability and gain access to sensitive information.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.5 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:S/C:C/I:P/A:P)


ID:        CVE-2011-3613, CVE-2011-3614

Title:     Vanilla Forums Security Bypass and Cookie Disclosure Vulnerabilities

Vendor: vanillaforums

Description: Vanilla forums is exposed to an error within the handling of cookies that can be exploited to disclose cookie information. An error within the access control of the Facebook, Twitter, and Embed plugins can be used to bypass certain security restrictions.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 5.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N)


ID:        CVE-2012-6114

Title:     pyrad Password Hash Information Disclosure Vulnerability and Packet Spoofing Vulnerability

Vendor: pyrad

Description: pyrad is prone to an information disclosure vulnerability and a packet spoofing vulnerability. An attacker can exploit these issue to obtain sensitive information through man in the middle attacks and spoof packet IDs that may lead to further attacks.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N)


=========================================================


MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES Jan. 30 - Feb. 6:

COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP


SHA 256: 3f6e3d8741da950451668c8333a4958330e96245be1d592fcaa485f4ee4eadb3

MD5: 47b97de62ae8b2b927542aa5d7f3c858

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/3f6e3d8741da950451668c8333a4958330e96245be1d592fcaa485f4ee4eadb3/details

Typical Filename: qmreportupload.exe

Claimed Product: qmreportupload

Detection Name: Win.Trojan.Generic::in10.talos

 

SHA 256: c0cdd2a671195915d9ffb5c9533337db935e0cc2f4d7563864ea75c21ead3f94

MD5: 7c38a43d2ed9af80932749f6e80fea6f

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/c0cdd2a671195915d9ffb5c9533337db935e0cc2f4d7563864ea75c21ead3f94/details

Typical Filename: xme64-520.exe

Claimed Product: N/A

Detection Name: PUA.Win.File.Coinminer::1201


SHA 256: 1460fd00cb6addf9806a341fee9c5ab0a793762d1d97dca05fa17467c8705af7

MD5: 88cbadec77cf90357f46a3629b6737e6

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/1460fd00cb6addf9806a341fee9c5ab0a793762d1d97dca05fa17467c8705af7/details

Typical Filename: FlashHelperServices.exe

Claimed Product: Flash Helper Services

Detection Name: PUA.Win.File.2144flashplayer::tpd


SHA 256: 85b936960fbe5100c170b777e1647ce9f0f01e3ab9742dfc23f37cb0825b30b5

MD5: 8c80dd97c37525927c1e549cb59bcbf3

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/85b936960fbe5100c170b777e1647ce9f0f01e3ab9742dfc23f37cb0825b30b5/details

Typical Filename: eternalblue-2.2.0.exe

Claimed Product: N/A

Detection Name: W32.85B936960F.5A5226262.auto.Talos


SHA 256: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f

MD5: e2ea315d9a83e7577053f52c974f6a5a

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f/details

Typical Filename: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f

Claimed Product:  N/A

Detection Name: W32.AgentWDCR:Gen.21gn.1201


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