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@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

December 20, 2018

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     @RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

                    December 20, 2018 - Vol. 18, Num. 51


Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors,

vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent

attacks worked


Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/at-risk


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CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES

INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE

MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES Dec. 13 - 20

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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: WordPress patches severe security vulnerabilities in latest update


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TRAINING UPDATE


-- SANS Security East 2019 | New Orleans, LA | February 2-9 | https://www.sans.org/event/security-east-2019


-- SANS Amsterdam January 2019 | January 14-19 | https://www.sans.org/event/amsterdam-jan-2019


-- Cyber Threat Intelligence Summit & Training | Arlington, VA | January 21-28 | https://www.sans.org/event/cyber-threat-intelligence-summit-2019


-- SANS Las Vegas 2019 | January 28-February 2 | https://www.sans.org/event/las-vegas-2019


-- SANS London February 2019 | February 11-16 | https://www.sans.org/event/london-february-2019


-- SANS Anaheim 2019 | February 11-16 | https://www.sans.org/event/anaheim-2019


-- SANS Secure Japan 2019 | Tokyo, Japan | February 18-March 2 | https://www.sans.org/event/secure-japan-2019


-- Open-Source Intelligence Summit & Training | Alexandria, VA | February 25-March 3 | https://www.sans.org/event/osint-summit-2019


-- SANS Secure Singapore 2019 | March 11-23 | https://www.sans.org/event/secure-singapore-2019


-- SANS OnDemand and vLive Training

Last Chance this year to Get a GIAC Certification Attempt Included or Take $350 Off with OnDemand or vLive. Offer Ends December 26. https://www.sans.org/online-security-training/specials/


-- Can't travel? SANS offers online instruction for maximum flexibility


-- Live Daytime training with Simulcasthttps://www.sans.org/simulcast


-- Evening training 2x per week for 6 weeks with vLive | https://www.sans.org/vlive


-- Anywhere, Anytime access for 4 months with OnDemand format | https://www.sans.org/ondemand/


-- Single Course Training

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Community SANS | https://www.sans.org/community/


-- View the full SANS course catalog and Cyber Security Skills Roadmap

https://www.sans.org/courses

https://www.sans.org/cyber-security-skills-roadmap


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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES

SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP


Title: WordPress 5.0.1 fixes several security bugs

Description: WordPress released its latest update, which fixes a number of security vulnerabilities that are considered serious. The most serious flaw allowed the content management systems user activation screen to be indexed by Google, which could lead to some users login information to become publicly visible. WordPress also warned users about unauthorized file deletion bug and unauthorized post creation bugs.

Reference: https://threatpost.com/wordpress-5-0-patched-to-fix-serious-bugs/139948/

Snort SIDs: 48573


Title: Adobe discloses 86 vulnerabilities in Reader, Acrobat

Description: Coverage continues to come in for the slew of bugs that Adobe patched in its monthly security update. The latest release covers 86 vulnerabilities in Adobe Reader and Acrobat DC. The bugs include two buffer overflow errors, five out-of-bounds write vulnerabilities and 23 use-after-free vulnerabilities, among others.

Reference: https://latesthackingnews.com/2018/12/15/adobe-december-patch-tuesday-fixed-38-critical-vulnerabilities-in-adobe-reader-and-acrobat-dc/

Snort SIDs: 48622 - 48630, 48636, 48637


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INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY


Smartphone apps are collecting more users location data than they let on, and often sell that information to advertisers and even hedge funds.

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/12/10/business/location-data-privacy-apps.html


Facebook disclosed a bug that allowed app developers to view users photos that they uploaded to Facebook but never shared on their timeline.

https://techcrunch.com/2018/12/14/facebook-photo-bug/


Credit reporting agency Experian mistakenly exposed customer data in its training manuals, documents that have since been taken down.

https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/zmdg7e/experian-exposes-customer-data-training-manuals-credit-score


Attackers from the Iranian APT group Charming Kitten attempted to break into the emails of several high-profile U.S. Treasury Department officials, as well as individuals in charge of enforcing nuclear sanctions on Iran.

https://apnews.com/7f4d814ebf0642b4b381fd9ce01345f7


Androids facial recognition technology on its smartphones can be tricked by a 3-D printed head.

https://www.forbes.com/sites/thomasbrewster/2018/12/13/we-broke-into-a-bunch-of-android-phones-with-a-3d-printed-head/#12d7fe361330


Former U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry confirmed that Russia was behind a cyberattack on the State Department in 2014.

https://www.npr.org/templates/transcript/transcript.php?storyId=644830886


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RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE

COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM


This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are

available. System administrators can use this list to help in

prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability

Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit

frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet

activity.


ID:     CVE-2018-15982

Title:     Adobe Flash Player Arbitrary Code Execution Vulnerability

Vendor: Adobe

Description: A critical vulnerability exists in Adobe Flash Player 31.0.0.153 and earlier versions. Successful exploitation could potentially allow an attacker to take control of the affected system. Adobe is aware of reports that an exploit for CVE-2018-15982 exists in the wild.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:     CVE-2018-10933  

Title:     libssh Authentication Bypass Vulnerability

Vendor: libssh

Description: A vulnerability was found in libssh's server-side state machine before versions 0.7.6 and 0.8.4. A malicious client could create channels without first performing authentication, resulting in unauthorized access.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 6.4 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:N)


ID:     CVE-2018-11776  

Title:     Apache Struts 2 Namespace Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (S2-057)

Vendor: Apache Software Foundation

Description: Apache Struts versions 2.3 to 2.3.34 and 2.5 to 2.5.16 suffer from possible Remote Code Execution when using results with no namespace and in same time, its upper action(s) have no or wildcard namespace. Same possibility when using url tag which doesn't have value and action set and in same time, its upper action(s) have no or wildcard namespace.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:     CVE-2018-2628

Title:     Oracle Weblogic Deserialization Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Vendor: Oracle

Description: Vulnerability in the Oracle WebLogic Server component of Oracle Fusion Middleware (subcomponent: WLS Core Components). Supported versions that are affected are 10.3.6.0, 12.1.3.0, 12.2.1.2 and 12.2.1.3. Easily exploitable vulnerability allows unauthenticated attacker with network access via T3 to compromise Oracle WebLogic Server. Successful attacks of this vulnerability can result in takeover of Oracle WebLogic Server.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.5 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P)


ID:     CVE-2018-8174

Title:     Windows VBScript Engine Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Vendor: Microsoft

Description: The VBScript engine contains a remote code execution vulnerability due to how it handles objects in memory. An attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.6 (AV:N/AC:H/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:     CVE-2018-7600

Title:     Drupal Core Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (SA-CORE-2018-002)

Vendor: Drupal

Description: Drupal before 7.58, 8.x before 8.3.9, 8.4.x before 8.4.6, and 8.5.x before 8.5.1 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code because of an issue affecting multiple subsystems with default or common module configurations.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:     CVE-2018-0886

Title:     Microsoft Credential Security Support Provider Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Vendor: Microsoft

Description: The Credential Security Support Provider protocol (CredSSP) in Microsoft Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8.1 and RT 8.1, Windows Server 2012 and R2, Windows 10 Gold, 1511, 1607, 1703, and 1709 Windows Server 2016 and Windows Server, version 1709 allows a remote code execution vulnerability due to how CredSSP validates request during the authentication process, aka "CredSSP Remote Code Execution Vulnerability".

CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.6 (AV:N/AC:H/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


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MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES Dec. 13 - 20:

COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP


SHA 256: 3f6e3d8741da950451668c8333a4958330e96245be1d592fcaa485f4ee4eadb3

MD5: 47b97de62ae8b2b927542aa5d7f3c858

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/#/file/3f6e3d8741da950451668c8333a4958330e96245be1d592fcaa485f4ee4eadb3/details

Typical Filename: qmreportupload

Claimed Product: qmreportupload

Detection Name: Win.Trojan.Generic::in10.talos


SHA 256: fc62d76945faed86fc11454c8ae1ecc3e8cbb449b8466c7f5aaa9bf45af9730c

MD5: 1f4ab214b36d80c07898cf1a9efe7d6e

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/#/file/fc62d76945faed86fc11454c8ae1ecc3e8cbb449b8466c7f5aaa9bf45af9730c/details

Typical Filename: MSVSBP20.DLL

Claimed Product: Microsoft Win

Detection Name: W32.FC62D76945-100.SBX.TG


SHA 256: 709a7dd743ca6a688ee0afc9a67a04c73c4f6fb6559cde2bafadbb5af58f043b

MD5: 59a06d7e48fd3d80fa2dc1cb859b45cc

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/#/file/709a7dd743ca6a688ee0afc9a67a04c73c4f6fb6559cde2bafadbb5af58f043b/details

Typical Filename: helperamc

Claimed Product: Advanced Mac Cleaner

Detection Name: OSX.709A7DD743.agent.tht.Talos


SHA 256: e856c759e2dd2e637aaebbfc0eeea4a7f8e7c7a02967b4db2e88dc8914b5b296

MD5: c76517dc654e6852eae9f2f42a630470

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/#/file/e856c759e2dd2e637aaebbfc0eeea4a7f8e7c7a02967b4db2e88dc8914b5b296/details

Typical Filename: maftask.zip

Claimed Product: N/A

Detection Name: OSX.E856C759E2.agent.tht.Talos


SHA 256: e5f1609df4f67e0e23f3b3409f265722692e5e15a6349bf1157d36b79c5acf9d

MD5: c9636e35954360b7b1375ee615ba6c24

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/#/file/e5f1609df4f67e0e23f3b3409f265722692e5e15a6349bf1157d36b79c5acf9d/details

Typical Filename: 3dfx32v2.dll

Claimed Product: Voodoo2 DirectX for Windows  95

Detection Name: W32.Auto:e5f160.in03.Talos


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