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@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

August 9, 2018

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     @RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

                    August 9, 2018 - Vol. 18, Num. 32


Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors,

vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent

attacks worked


Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/at-risk


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CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES

INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE

MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES Aug. 2 - 9

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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Gorgon APT launches malware through various campaigns


******************** Sponsored By SANS  ********************


Join SANS at the Threat Hunting & Incident Response Summit on Sep. 6-7 in New Orleans! Learn from top threat hunters and security practitioners as they share the latest methods and techniques used to hunt adversaries.  http://www.sans.org/info/205980


============================================================

TRAINING UPDATE


-- SANS Network Security 2018 | Las Vegas, NV | September 23-30 | https://www.sans.org/event/network-security-2018


-- Data Breach Summit & Training 2018 | New York, NY | August 20-27 | https://www.sans.org/event/data-breach-summit-2018


-- SANS Virginia Beach 2018 | August 20-31 | https://www.sans.org/event/virginia-beach-2018


-- SANS Amsterdam September 2018 | September 3-8 | https://www.sans.org/event/amsterdam-septembers-2018


-- SANS Tokyo Autumn 2018 | September 3-15 | https://www.sans.org/event/tokyo-autumn-2018


-- Threat Hunting & Incident Response Summit 2018 | New Orleans, LA | September 6-13 | https://www.sans.org/event/threat-hunting-and-incident-response-summit-2018


-- SANS Baltimore Fall 2018 | September 8-15 | https://www.sans.org/event/baltimore-fall-2018


-- SANS London September 2018 | September 17-22 | https://www.sans.org/event/london-september-2018


-- SANS October Singapore 2018 | October 15-27 | https://www.sans.org/event/october-singapore-2018


-- SANS OnDemand and vLive Training


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-- View the full SANS course catalog and Cyber Security Skills Roadmap

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https://www.sans.org/cyber-security-skills-roadmap


********************** Sponsored Links: ********************


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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES

SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP


Title: Gorgon group launches widespread attacks

Description: An APT known as "Gorgon" has been launching identical email spam and targeted campaigns against government agencies in the U.S., U.K., Russia and Spain. The most recent campaign launched spear-phishing emails that contained Microsoft Word documents exploiting the Microsoft Office vulnerability CVE-2017-0199.

Reference: https://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2018/08/unit42-gorgon-group-slithering-nation-state-cybercrime/

Snort SID: 47444 - 47454


Title: Oracle WebLogic web services authentication bypass vulnerability

Description: A vulnerability in the Oracle WebLogic Server component of Oracle Fusion Middleware could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to execute arbitrary code on a targeted system. An attacker could exploit this flaw by sending HTTP requests that submit malicious inputs to the affected software.

Reference: https://tools.cisco.com/security/center/viewAlert.x?alertId=58644

Snort SID: 47386 - 47390


Title: WordPress Site Editor path traversal vulnerability

Description: A bug in the Site Editor plugin for WordPress could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to access sensitive information on a targeted system. A successful exploit could allow the attacker to access arbitrary files on the system, which could be used to conduct additional attacks.

Reference: https://tools.cisco.com/security/center/viewAlert.x?alertId=58647

Snort SID: 47424


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INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY


Facebook is under fire for reportedly asking some of the U.S.'s largest banks to share their customers' data with the social networking site, including card transactions and checking account balances.

https://www.wsj.com/articles/facebook-to-banks-give-us-your-data-well-give-you-our-users-1533564049


The Transportation Security Administration has secretly been monitoring airport passengers for years, even if they are not under investigation by any federal agencies.

https://apps.bostonglobe.com/news/nation/graphics/2018/07/tsa-quiet-skies/?p1=BGMenu_Article


Congress passed a bill that would force tech companies to disclose if they allow countries like China and Russia to examine their source code.

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-software-cyber/congress-passes-bill-forcing-tech-companies-to-disclose-foreign-software-probes-idUSKBN1KM6A8


Three hackers behind the Carbanak APT, also known as FIN7, have been indicted on federal charges for organizing several malware campaigns that targeted credit card information.

https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/gy3d7x/carbanak-hackers-15-million-credit-cards-indictement?utm_source=reddit.com


The FBI struggles to retain top cybersecurity talent as researchers head to the private sector for better pay and benefits.

https://www.politico.com/story/2018/08/03/fbi-cyber-security-talent-drain-hacking-threat-russia-elections-760740


A new APT known as "DarkHydrus" has been targeting government agencies in the Middle East with spear-phishing campaigns.

https://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2018/08/unit42-darkhydrus-uses-phishery-harvest-credentials-middle-east/


=========================================================


RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE

COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM


This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are

available. System administrators can use this list to help in

prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability

Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit

frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet

activity.


ID:     CVE-2018-8174

Title:     Windows VBScript Engine Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Vendor: Microsoft

Description: The VBScript engine contains a remote code execution vulnerability due to how it handles objects in memory. An attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.6 (AV:N/AC:H/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:     CVE-2018-7600

Title:     Drupal Core Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (SA-CORE-2018-002)

Vendor: Drupal

Description: Drupal before 7.58, 8.x before 8.3.9, 8.4.x before 8.4.6, and 8.5.x before 8.5.1 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code because of an issue affecting multiple subsystems with default or common module configurations.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:     CVE-2018-0886

Title:     Microsoft Credential Security Support Provider Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Vendor: Microsoft

Description: The Credential Security Support Provider protocol (CredSSP) in Microsoft Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8.1 and RT 8.1, Windows Server 2012 and R2, Windows 10 Gold, 1511, 1607, 1703, and 1709 Windows Server 2016 and Windows Server, version 1709 allows a remote code execution vulnerability due to how CredSSP validates request during the authentication process, aka "CredSSP Remote Code Execution Vulnerability".

CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.6 (AV:N/AC:H/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:     CVE-2018-4878

Title:     Adobe Flash Player Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (APSA18-01)

Vendor: Adobe

Description: A critical vulnerability exists in Adobe Flash Player 28.0.0.137 and earlier versions. Successful exploitation could potentially allow an attacker to take control of the affected system. Adobe is aware of a report that an exploit for CVE-2018-4878 exists in the wild and is being used in targeted attacks.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:     CVE-2017-12636

Title:     Apache CouchDB Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Vendor: Apache Software Foundation

Description: CouchDB administrative users can configure the database server via HTTP(S). Some of the configuration options include paths for operating system-level binaries that are subsequently launched by CouchDB. This allows an admin user in Apache CouchDB before 1.7.0 and 2.x before 2.1.1 to execute arbitrary shell commands as the CouchDB user, including downloading and executing scripts from the public internet.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:     CVE-2017-10271

Title:     Oracle WebLogic WLS Security Component Remote Code Execution

Vendor: Oracle

Description: Vulnerability in the Oracle WebLogic Server component of Oracle Fusion Middleware (subcomponent: WLS Security). Supported versions that are affected are 10.3.6.0.0, 12.1.3.0.0, 12.2.1.1.0 and 12.2.1.2.0. Easily exploitable vulnerability allows unauthenticated attacker with network access via HTTP to compromise Oracle WebLogic Server. Successful attacks of this vulnerability can result in takeover of Oracle WebLogic Server.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 5.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:N/A:P)


ID:     CVE-2017-8759

Title:     Microsoft .NET Framework Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Vendor: Microsoft

Description: A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft .NET Framework processes untrusted input. Microsoft is aware of a report that an exploit for CVE-2017-8759 exists in the wild and is being used in targeted attacks.

Microsoft published a .NET security update to address this issue.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:     CVE-2017-9805

Title:     Apache Struts REST plugin Remote Code Execution (S2-052)

Vendor: Apache Software Foundation

Description: The REST Plugin is using a XStreamHandler with an instance of XStream for deserialization without any type filtering and this can lead to Remote Code Execution when deserializing XML payloads.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:     CVE-2017-5638

Title:     Apache Struts2 Input Validation Code Execution Vulnerability

Vendor: Apache Software Foundation

Description: The Jakarta Multipart parser in Apache Struts 2 2.3.x before 2.3.32 and 2.5.x before 2.5.10.1 mishandles file upload, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via a #cmd= string in a crafted Content-Type HTTP header, as exploited in the wild in March 2017.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


=========================================================


MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES Aug. 2 - 9:

COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP


SHA 256: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f

MD5: e2ea315d9a83e7577053f52c974f6a5ae2e

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/#/file/c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f/details

Typical Filename: Tempmf582901854.exe

Claimed Product: N/A

Detection Name: W32.AgentWDCR:Gen.21gn.1201


SHA 256: 15716598f456637a3be3d6c5ac91266142266a9910f6f3f85cfd193ec1d6ed8b

MD5: 799b30f47060ca05d80ece53866e01cc799

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/#/file/15716598f456637a3be3d6c5ac91266142266a9910f6f3f85cfd193ec1d6ed8b/details

Typical Filename: mf2016341595.exe

Claimed Product: N/A

Detection Name: W32.Generic:Gen.21ij.1201


SHA 256: adbdde4fcb694514302b8dc7a987cb11ec82cefa450afd9a815351088f4a5b40

MD5: 8683e0b27f04087efba09c010fc7a1f8

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/#/file/adbdde4fcb694514302b8dc7a987cb11ec82cefa450afd9a815351088f4a5b40/details

Typical Filename: helperamc.zip

Claimed Product: Advanced Mac Cleaner

Detection Name: OSX.ADBDDE4FCB.agent.tht.Talos


SHA 256: 4bd61a7f2b1287e2c94973062b91ad075ce73637441982f426d269c527069015

MD5: 5e414220b8e34fcfb2c315e772527a255e4

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/#/file/4bd61a7f2b1287e2c94973062b91ad075ce73637441982f426d269c527069015/details

Typical Filename: bfa9b296d648a5eac19e0d6bb23139e9104cfd55ee8a02cd1aa9d768ef398747~.x86

Claimed Product: MacKeeper Helper

Detection Name: PUA.Osx.Trojan.Mackeeper::1201


SHA 256: bfa9b296d648a5eac19e0d6bb23139e9104cfd55ee8a02cd1aa9d768ef398747

MD5: cb7eb6e04cf0e4549c09a82e0da9b984cb7

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/#/file/bfa9b296d648a5eac19e0d6bb23139e9104cfd55ee8a02cd1aa9d768ef398747/details

Typical Filename: MacKeeper Helper

Claimed Product: MacKeeper Helper

Detection Name: PUA.Osx.Malware.Mackeeper::other.talos


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