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Newsletters: @RISK


@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

March 29, 2018

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     @RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

                    March 29, 2018 - Vol. 18, Num. 13


Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors,

vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent

attacks worked


Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/at-risk


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CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES

INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE

MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2014-03-20 - 2014-03-27

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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: AMD Responds to Vulnerabilities in Firmware Managing the Embedded Security Control Processor in AMD Secure Processor


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TRAINING UPDATE


-- SANS Security West 2018 | San Diego, CA | May 11-18 | https://www.sans.org/event/security-west-2018


-- SANS at RSA Conference | San Francisco, CA | April 11-20 | https://www.sans.org/rsa-2018


-- SANS London April 2018 | April 16-21 | https://www.sans.org/event/london-april-2018


-- Automotive Cybersecurity Summit 2018 | Chicago, IL | May 1-8 | https://www.sans.org/event/automotive-cybersecurity-summit-2018


-- SANS Melbourne 2018 | May 14-26 | https://www.sans.org/event/melbourne-2018


-- SANS Northern VA Reston Spring 2018 | May 2025 | https://www.sans.org/event/northern-va-reston-spring-2018


-- SANS Amsterdam May 2018 | May 28-June 2 | https://www.sans.org/event/amsterdam-may-2018


-- SANS Rocky Mountain 2018 | Denver, CO | June 4-9 | https://www.sans.org/event/rocky-mountain-2018


-- DFIR Summit & Training 2018 | Austin, TX | June 7-14 | https://www.sans.org/event/digital-forensics-summit-2018


-- SANS Cyber Defence Canberra 2018 | June 25-July 7 | https://www.sans.org/event/cyber-defence-canberra-2018


-- SANS OnDemand and vLive Training | The SANS Training you want with the flexibility you need. Special Offer: Get a GIAC Certification Attempt Included or take $350 Off your OnDemand or vLive training course by April 4. https://www.sans.org/online-security-training/specials/


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-- View the full SANS course catalog and Cyber Security Skills Roadmap

https://www.sans.org/courses

https://www.sans.org/cyber-security-skills-roadmap


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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES

SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP


Title: AMD Responds to Vulnerabilities in Firmware Managing the Embedded Security Control Processor in AMD Secure Processor

Description: AMD has identified impact and planned mitigations for the vulnerabilities identified by CTS Labs. These vulnerabilities require administrative access.  

Reference: https://community.amd.com/community/amd-corporate/blog/2018/03/21/initial-amd-technical-assessment-of-cts-labs-research


Title: Supply Chain Attack in Ledger Hardware Wallets

Description: A vulnerability has been discovered in Ledger hardware wallets. An attacker can exploit this vulnerability to compromise the device before the user receives it, or to steal private keys from the device physically or, in some scenarios, remotely.

Reference: https://saleemrashid.com/2018/03/20/breaking-ledger-security-model/

Snort SID: Detection pending release of vulnerability information


Title: Unified Logs in High Sierra Show Plaintext Passwords

Description: Passwords in plain text are viewable via Disk Utility.app

for APFS encrypted external volumes via the Disk Utility.app

Reference: https://www.mac4n6.com/blog/2018/3/21/uh-oh-unified-logs-in-high-sierra-1013-show-plaintext-password-for-apfs-encrypted-external-volumes-via-disk-utilityapp


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INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY


BranchScope: A New Side-Channel Attack on Directional Branch Predictor

http://www.cs.ucr.edu/~nael/pubs/asplos18.pdf


Watering Hole Attack on Leading Hong Kong Telecom Site Exploiting Flash Flaw - CVE-2018-4878

http://blog.morphisec.com/watering-hole-attack-hong-kong-telecom-site-flash-exploit-cve-2018-4878


Ukrainian Suspected of Leading Carbanak Gang Arrested in Spain

https://www.securityweek.com/ukrainian-suspected-leading-carbanak-gang-arrested-spain


Forgot About Default Accounts? No Worries, GoScanSSH Didn't http://blog.talosintelligence.com/2018/03/goscanssh-analysis.html


KVA Shadow: Mitigating Meltdown on Windows

https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/srd/2018/03/23/kva-shadow-mitigating-meltdown-on-windows/


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RECENT

VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE

COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM


This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are

available. System administrators can use this list to help in

prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability

Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit

frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet

activity.


ID:     CVE-2018-4878

Title:     Adobe Flash Player Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (APSA18-01)

Vendor: Adobe

Description: A critical vulnerability exists in Adobe Flash Player 28.0.0.137 and earlier versions. Successful exploitation could potentially allow an attacker to take control of the affected system. Adobe is aware of a report that an exploit for CVE-2018-4878 exists in the wild and is being used in targeted attacks.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:     CVE-2017-10271

Title:     Oracle WebLogic WLS Security Component Remote Code Execution

Vendor: Oracle

Description: Vulnerability in the Oracle WebLogic Server component of Oracle Fusion Middleware (subcomponent: WLS Security). Supported versions that are affected are 10.3.6.0.0, 12.1.3.0.0, 12.2.1.1.0 and 12.2.1.2.0. Easily exploitable vulnerability allows unauthenticated attacker with network access via HTTP to compromise Oracle WebLogic Server. Successful attacks of this vulnerability can result in takeover of Oracle WebLogic Server.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 5.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:N/A:P)


ID:     CVE-2017-17562

Title:     EmbedThis GoAhead Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Vendor: EmbedThis GoAhead

Description: Embedthis GoAhead before 3.6.5 allows remote code execution if CGI is enabled and a CGI program is dynamically linked. This is a result of initializing the environment of forked CGI scripts using untrusted HTTP request parameters in the cgiHandler function in cgi.c. When combined with the glibc dynamic linker, this behaviour can be abused for remote code execution using special parameter names such as LD_PRELOAD. An attacker can POST their shared object payload in the body of the request, and reference it using /proc/self/fd/0.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:     CVE-2017-8759

Title:     Microsoft .NET Framework Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Vendor: Microsoft

Description: A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft .NET Framework processes untrusted input. Microsoft is aware of a report that an exploit for CVE-2017-8759 exists in the wild and is being used in targeted attacks.

Microsoft published a .NET security update to address this issue.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:     CVE-2017-9805

Title:     Apache Struts REST plugin Remote Code Execution (S2-052)

Vendor: Apache Struts

Description: The REST Plugin is using a XStreamHandler with an instance of XStream for deserialization without any type filtering and this can lead to Remote Code Execution when deserializing XML payloads.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:     CVE-2017-0145

Title:     Microsoft Windows SMB Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Vendor: Microsoft

Description: The SMBv1 server in Microsoft Windows Vista SP2; Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1; Windows 7 SP1; Windows 8.1; Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2; Windows RT 8.1; and Windows 10 Gold, 1511, and 1607; and Windows Server 2016 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via crafted packets, aka "Windows SMB Remote Code Execution Vulnerability." This vulnerability is different from those described in CVE-2017-0143, CVE-2017-0144, CVE-2017-0146, and CVE-2017-0148.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:     CVE-2017-3881

Title:     Cisco IOS and IOS XE Software Cluster Management Protocol Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Vendor: Cisco

Description: A vulnerability in the Cisco Cluster Management Protocol (CMP) processing code in Cisco IOS and Cisco IOS XE Software could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to cause a reload of an affected device or remotely execute code with elevated privileges. The Cluster Management Protocol utilizes Telnet internally as a signaling and command protocol between cluster members. The vulnerability is due to the combination of two factors: (1) the failure to restrict the use of CMP-specific Telnet options only to internal, local communications between cluster members and instead accept and process such options over any Telnet connection to an affected device; and (2) the incorrect processing of malformed CMP-specific Telnet options. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by sending malformed CMP-specific Telnet options while establishing a Telnet session with an affected Cisco device configured to accept Telnet connections. An exploit could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code and obtain full control of the device or cause a reload of the affected device. This affects Catalyst switches, Embedded Service 2020 switches, Enhanced Layer 2 EtherSwitch Service Module, Enhanced Layer 2/3 EtherSwitch Service Module, Gigabit Ethernet Switch Module (CGESM) for HP, IE Industrial Ethernet switches, ME 4924-10GE switch, RF Gateway 10, and SM-X Layer 2/3 EtherSwitch Service Module. Cisco Bug IDs: CSCvd48893.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:     CVE-2017-5638

Title:     Apache Struts2 Input Validation Code Execution Vulnerability

Vendor: Apache

Description: The Jakarta Multipart parser in Apache Struts 2 2.3.x before 2.3.32 and 2.5.x before 2.5.10.1 mishandles file upload, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via a #cmd= string in a crafted Content-Type HTTP header, as exploited in the wild in March 2017.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


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MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2014-03-20 - 2014-03-27

:

COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP


SHA 256: bb5ca947a9ed44d46e2845bdc3eac1bd368577aa40a8dcd1fae29b8da5b0253e

MD5: 9ff32613fc850c9937257665ec051e69

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/#/file/bb5ca947a9ed44d46e2845bdc3eac1bd368577aa40a8dcd1fae29b8da5b0253e/analysis/#additional-info

Typical Filename: helperamc.zip

Claimed Product: Advance Mac Cleaner

Detection Name: W32.Auto:bb5ca9.in03.Talos


SHA 256: 15716598f456637a3be3d6c5ac91266142266a9910f6f3f85cfd193ec1d6ed8b

MD5: 799b30f47060ca05d80ece53866e01cc

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/15716598f456637a3be3d6c5ac91266142266a9910f6f3f85cfd193ec1d6ed8b/analysis/#additional-info

Typical Filename: mf2016341595.exe

Claimed Product: (none)

Detection Name: W32.Generic:Gen.21cp.1201


SHA 256: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f

MD5: e2ea315d9a83e7577053f52c974f6a5a

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f/analysis/#additional-info

Typical Filename: Tempmf582901854.exe

Claimed Product: (none)

Detection Name: W32.C3E530CC00-95.SBX.TG


SHA 256: 238e42e887eddbb4ab164a62874e21b905665b32fe3b5d80473500d6c3f2e8c9

MD5: 3395357300dd177727443c015bcdecfe

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/238e42e887eddbb4ab164a62874e21b905665b32fe3b5d80473500d6c3f2e8c9/analysis/#additional-info

Typical Filename: WPA_Kill.exe

Claimed Product: Windows 2003 & XP Anti Product Activation Patch

Detection Name: W32.238E42E887-95.SBX.TG


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