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@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

September 13, 2017

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 17, Num. 37

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked

Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/at-risk



MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2017-08-22 - 2017-08-29


TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Microsoft Releases Monthly Security Updates for September 2017

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Title: Microsoft Releases Monthly Security Updates for September 2017
Description: Microsoft has released its monthly set of security advisories for vulnerabilities that have been identified and addressed in various products. This month's advisory release addresses 81 new vulnerabilities with 27 of them rated critical, 52 rated important, and 2 rated moderate. These vulnerabilities impact Edge, Hyper-V, Internet Explorer, Office, Remote Desktop Protocol, Sharepoint, Windows Graphic Display Interface, Windows Kernel Mode Drivers, and more. Note that the Bluetooth vulnerabilities known as "BlueBorne" that affected Windows have been patched in this latest release. For more information, please refer to CVE-2017-8628.
Reference: https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-us/security-guidance/summary
Snort SID: 42285-42286, 42311-42312, 42749-42750, 44331-44336, 44338-44343, 44349-44350, 44353-44357

Title: Adobe Releases Security Updates for Flash Player, ColdFusion, and RoboHelp
Description: Adobe has released security bulletins for Flash Player, ColdFusion, and RoboHelp addressing a total of eight vulnerabilities. The Flash Player bulletin addresses two memory corruption vulnerabilities, while the ColdFusion bulletin addresses four vulnerabilities. Two of the ColdFusion flaws are information disclosure bugs while the other two are remote code execution bugs that manifests due to deserialization of untrusted data. The two RoboHelp bugs fixed consist of a DOM-based XSS bug and an open redirect flaw.
- https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/flash-player/apsb17-28.html
- https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/coldfusion/apsb17-30.html
- https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/robohelp/apsb17-25.html
Snort SID: Detection pending

Title: Researchers Disclose Bluetooth Vulnerabilities Affecting Billions of Devices
Description: Researchers have disclosed several major vulnerabilities in the implementation of Bluetooth stacks across various device platforms. In total, 8 vulnerabilities were disclosed which researchers have dubbed "BlueBorne." The severity of these vulnerabilities ranges from information leaks in Linux to full remote code execution on Apple devices. Patches for each of these vulnerabilities have been developed and are being released or already have been for each of the affected platforms.
Reference: http://go.armis.com/hubfs/BlueBorne%20Technical%20White%20Paper.pdf



Equifax Hack Exposes Regulatory Gaps, Leaving Consumers Vulnerable

FireEye Uncovers CVE-2017-8759: Zero-Day Used in the Wild to Distribute FINSPY

Introduction to Windows Kernel Driver Exploitation (Pt. 2) - Stack Buffer Overflow to System Shell

Reverse Engineering & Exploitation of a "Connected Alarm Clock"



This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: CVE-2017-8759
Title: Microsoft .NET Framework Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft .NET Framework processes untrusted input. Microsoft is aware of a report that an exploit for CVE-2017-8759 exists in the wild and is being used in targeted attacks.
Microsoft published a .NET security update to address this issue.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2017-9805
Title: Apache Struts REST plugin Remote Code Execution (S2-052)
Vendor: Apache Struts
Description: The REST Plugin is using a XStreamHandler with an instance of XStream for deserialization without any type filtering and this can lead to Remote Code Execution when deserializing XML payloads.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2017-0037
Title: Microsoft Internet Explorer Remote Code Execution (MS17-007)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Microsoft Internet Explorer 10 and 11 and Microsoft Edge have a type confusion issue in the Layout::MultiColumnBoxBuilder::HandleColumnBreakOnColumnSpanningElement function in mshtml.dll, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via vectors involving a crafted Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) token sequence and crafted JavaScript code that operates on a TH element.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.6 (AV:N/AC:H/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2017-0145
Title: Microsoft Windows SMB Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: The SMBv1 server in Microsoft Windows Vista SP2; Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1; Windows 7 SP1; Windows 8.1; Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2; Windows RT 8.1; and Windows 10 Gold, 1511, and 1607; and Windows Server 2016 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via crafted packets, aka "Windows SMB Remote Code Execution Vulnerability." This vulnerability is different from those described in CVE-2017-0143, CVE-2017-0144, CVE-2017-0146, and CVE-2017-0148.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2017-0290
Title: Microsoft Malware Protection Engine Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: NScript in mpengine in Microsoft Malware Protection Engine with Engine Version before 1.1.13704.0, as used in Windows Defender and other products, allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (type confusion and application crash) via crafted JavaScript code within any file scanned by this engine.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2017-3881
Title: Cisco IOS and IOS XE Software Cluster Management Protocol Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Cisco
Description: A vulnerability in the Cisco Cluster Management Protocol (CMP) processing code in Cisco IOS and Cisco IOS XE Software could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to cause a reload of an affected device or remotely execute code with elevated privileges. The Cluster Management Protocol utilizes Telnet internally as a signaling and command protocol between cluster members. The vulnerability is due to the combination of two factors: (1) the failure to restrict the use of CMP-specific Telnet options only to internal, local communications between cluster members and instead accept and process such options over any Telnet connection to an affected device; and (2) the incorrect processing of malformed CMP-specific Telnet options. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by sending malformed CMP-specific Telnet options while establishing a Telnet session with an affected Cisco device configured to accept Telnet connections. An exploit could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code and obtain full control of the device or cause a reload of the affected device. This affects Catalyst switches, Embedded Service 2020 switches, Enhanced Layer 2 EtherSwitch Service Module, Enhanced Layer 2/3 EtherSwitch Service Module, Gigabit Ethernet Switch Module (CGESM) for HP, IE Industrial Ethernet switches, ME 4924-10GE switch, RF Gateway 10, and SM-X Layer 2/3 EtherSwitch Service Module. Cisco Bug IDs: CSCvd48893.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2017-5638
Title: Apache Struts2 Input Validation Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Apache
Description: The Jakarta Multipart parser in Apache Struts 2 2.3.x before 2.3.32 and 2.5.x before mishandles file upload, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via a #cmd= string in a crafted Content-Type HTTP header, as exploited in the wild in March 2017.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-7892
Title: Adobe Flash Player Use-After-Free Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Remote exploitation of a use-after-free vulnerability in Adobe's Flash Player could allow attackers to execute arbitrary code. Adobe is aware of a report that an exploit for CVE-2016-7892 exists in the wild, and is being used in limited targeted attacks.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)



SHA 256: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f
MD5: e2ea315d9a83e7577053f52c974f6a5a
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: Tempmf582901854.exe
Claimed Product: (unknown)
Detection Name: W32.C3E530CC00-95.SBX.TG

SHA 256: 87afd627b678da78d879dfe11c147b10f5db6e07cd16e5728ca33579e73bf89f
MD5: 515ea84f7ca8f59f7bb4fb5714913a72
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/87afd627b678da78d879dfe11c147b10f5db6e07cd16e5728ca33579e73bf89f/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: helperamc.zip
Claimed Product: Advanced Mac Cleaner
Detection Name: W32.87AFD627B6-95.SBX.TG

SHA 256: b0178e88e65560e99e07ecb9b70776f45a6ef825b3c0d866c45d0f2035b10295
MD5: 42a6f4d8decbc73fba6c41c730ee2bb2
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/b0178e88e65560e99e07ecb9b70776f45a6ef825b3c0d866c45d0f2035b10295/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: MKCleanService
Claimed Product: MacKeeper
Detection Name: OSX.Variant.20jv.1201

SHA 256: 776cb4ad45dbf96d532a8bb142bc0d5446fd63994f039bcf22263a9e32c70958
MD5: 43cebda7f432f89b5ca6e9bd1c1a93b6
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/776cb4ad45dbf96d532a8bb142bc0d5446fd63994f039bcf22263a9e32c70958/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: radio-int.gif
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: Auto.776CB4AD45.in04.Talos

SHA 256: dbf3890b782ac04136c3336814eef97e3c0f4133f9592e882c131c179161b27b
MD5: 0c694193ceac8bfb016491ffb534eb7c
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/dbf3890b782ac04136c3336814eef97e3c0f4133f9592e882c131c179161b27b/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: mssecsvc.exe
Claimed Product: (none)
Detection Name: W32.Ransom:TrojanRansom.20kg.1201


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