Newsletters: @RISK


@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

March 3, 2016
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@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 16, Num. 9

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked

Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/at-risk

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CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2016-02-23 - 2016-03-01
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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: OpenSSL Releases Security Advisory for Several Vulnerabilities

******************* Sponsored By EastWind Networks *******************

Is Active Breach Detection the Next-Generation Security Technology? Thursday, March 10, 2016 at 1:00 PM EST (18:00:00 UTC) with Dave Shackleford and Paul Kraus. This webcast explores why traditional solutions aren't working, what's at stake for enterprise that doesn't sharpen defenses against increasingly sophisticated hacker attacks, and how a typical enterprise or government agency can benefit from active breach protection.
http://www.sans.org/info/183750

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TRAINING UPDATE

- --SANS 2016 | Orlando, Florida | March 12-21 | 43 courses, bonus evening presentations, solutions expo, extraordinary networking opportunities, 2 nights of NetWars, industry receptions, and more!
www.sans.org/u/dyL

- --SANS Northern Virginia - Reston | April 4-9 | 9 courses including the NEW, Network Penetration Testing and Ethical Hacking & Cyber Threat Intelligence course
www.sans.org/u/dza

- --SANS Atlanta | April 4-9 | 6 courses including the new Network Penetration Testing and Ethical Hacking course
www.sans.org/u/dz5

- --Threat Hunting & Incident Response Summit & Training | New Orleans, LA | April 12-19, 2016 | Will you be the hunter or the prey? Two days of Summit talks and 6 courses; including the new FOR578 Cyber Threat Intelligence course.
http://www.sans.org/u/dgR

- --SANS Pen Test Austin | April 18-23 | 7 courses | 3 nights of NetWars | Coin-A-Palooza | Special evening events including a Night of Hands-On Pen Testing of "Internet of Things" Devices
www.sans.org/u/dzp

- --SANS Security West | April 29-May 6 | 28 courses, bonus evening presentations, 2 nights of NetWars, multiple talks on Emerging Trends, networking opportunities and more!
www.sans.org/u/dzu

- - --Can't travel? SANS offers LIVE online instruction.
Day (Simulcast - http://www.sans.org/u/WK) and Evening (vLive - http://www.sans.org/u/WZ) courses available!

- -- Multi-week Live SANS training
Mentor -http://www.sans.org/u/X9
Contact mentor@sans.org

- -- Looking for training in your own community?
Community -http://www.sans.org/u/Xo

- -- SANS OnDemand lets you train anytime, anywhere with four months of online access to your course. Learn more: http://www.sans.org/u/XD

Plus Singapore, Amsterdam, Canberra, Prague, and Stockholm all in the next 90 days.

For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live:
http://www.sans.org/u/XN

********************** Sponsored Links: ********************

1) Benchmarking AppSec: A Metrics Pyramid. Tuesday, March 15, 2016 at 1:00 PM EDT (17:00:00 UTC) featuring SANS Instructor Jim Bird and Tim Jarrett.
http://www.sans.org/info/183755

2) Bring Your Own Collaboration Technical Control Tradeoffs. Wednesday, March 16, 2016 at 1:00 PM EDT (17:00:00 UTC) with Dave Shackleford and Scott Gordon.
http://www.sans.org/info/183760

3) What Works: Inspecting Encrypted Traffic with the Blue Coat SSL Visibility Appliance. Wednesday, March 23, 2016 at 1:00 PM EDT (17:00:00 UTC) with John Pescatore and Michael Weinstein.
http://www.sans.org/info/183765

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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: OpenSSL Releases Security Advisory for Several Vulnerabilities
Description: The OpenSSL Software Foundation has released a security advisory to address several security flaws within the library. The most severe vulnerabilities addressed are related to the newly disclosed DROWN vulnerability (CVE-2016-0800) as well as a "Divide-and-conquer session key recovery" attack (CVE-2016-0703). Several other Low to Moderate severity flaws were also addressed in the security advisory. Patches for these vulnerabilities have been developed and released. Users and administrators are strongly encouraged to update their systems as soon as possible.
Reference: https://mta.openssl.org/pipermail/openssl-announce/2016-March/000066.html
https://drownattack.com/
Snort SID: Detection pending

Title: Drupal Releases Critical Security Advisory for Multiple Vulnerabilities
Description: Drupal has released a critical security advisory for several vulnerabilities in the Drupal Core. The most severe flaws patched could could allow a user to bypass access controls related to form submission or to conduct HTTP header injection attacks through the use of line breaks on servers with older versions of PHP. Several other vulnerabilities that were rated Less Critical to Moderately Critical were also addressed in the security advisory. Drupal has released updated software that addresses these vulnerabilities.
Reference:
https://www.drupal.org/SA-CORE-2016-001
Snort SID: Detection pending release of vulnerability information

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INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

Google Project Zero: The Definitive Guide on Win32 to NT Path Conversion
https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/2016/02/the-definitive-guide-on-win32-to-nt.html

Angler Attempts to Slip The Hook
http://blog.talosintel.com/2016/03/angler-slips-hook.html?f_l=s

Nissan Leaf hackable through insecure APIs
http://www.zdnet.com/article/nissan-leaf-hackable-through-insecure-apis/?f_l=s

OpenSSL CVE-2016-0799: heap corruption via BIO_printf
https://guidovranken.wordpress.com/2016/02/27/openssl-cve-2016-0799-heap-corruption-via-bio_printf/

Judge Says Apple Doesn't Have to Unlock iPhone in Case Similar to San Bernardino
http://www.wired.com/2016/02/judge-says-apple-doesnt-have-to-unlock-iphone-in-case-similar-san-bernardino/

Getting Domain Admin with Kerberos Unconstrained Delegation
http://www.labofapenetrationtester.com/2016/02/getting-domain-admin-with-kerberos-unconstrained-delegation.html

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RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: CVE-2016-1909
Title: SSH Backdoor for FortiGate OS Version 4.x up to 5.0.7
Vendor: Fortinet
Description: FortiOS 4.x before 4.3.17 and 5.0.x before 5.0.8 has a hardcoded passphrase for the Fortimanager_Access account, which allows remote attackers to obtain administrative access via an SSH session.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (HIGH) (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-8651
Title: Adobe Flash Player Unspecified Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Integer overflow in Adobe Flash Player before 18.0.0.324 and 19.x and 20.x before 20.0.0.267 on Windows and OS X and before 11.2.202.559 on Linux, Adobe AIR before 20.0.0.233, Adobe AIR SDK before 20.0.0.233, and Adobe AIR SDK & Compiler before 20.0.0.233 allows attackers to execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-7755
Title: Juniper ScreenOS Multiple Security Issues
Vendor: Juniper
Description: Juniper ScreenOS 6.2.0r15 through 6.2.0r18, 6.3.0r12 before 6.3.0r12b, 6.3.0r13 before 6.3.0r13b, 6.3.0r14 before 6.3.0r14b, 6.3.0r15 before 6.3.0r15b, 6.3.0r16 before 6.3.0r16b, 6.3.0r17 before 6.3.0r17b, 6.3.0r18 before 6.3.0r18b, 6.3.0r19 before 6.3.0r19b, and 6.3.0r20 before 6.3.0r21 allows remote attackers to obtain administrative access by entering an unspecified password during a (1) SSH or (2) TELNET session.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (HIGH) (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-6132
Title: Microsoft Windows Library Loading Input Validation Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2, Windows RT Gold and 8.1, and Windows 10 Gold and 1511 mishandle library loading, which allows local users to gain privileges via a crafted application, aka "Windows Library Loading Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.2 (AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-4114
Title: Microsoft Windows OLE - Remote Code Execution "Sandworm" Exploit (MS14-060)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2, and Windows RT Gold and 8.1 allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted OLE object in an Office document, as exploited in the wild with a "Sandworm" attack in June through October 2014, aka "Windows OLE Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-7645
Title: Adobe Flash Player Code Execution Vulnerability (APSB15-27)
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Adobe Flash Player 18.x through 18.0.0.252 and 19.x through 19.0.0.207 on Windows and OS X and 11.x through 11.2.202.535 on Linux allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted SWF file, as exploited in the wild in October 2015.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-2509
Title: Microsoft Windows Media Center MCL Vulnerability (MS15-100)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Windows Media Center in Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, and Windows 8.1 allows user-assisted remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted Media Center link (mcl) file, aka "Windows Media Center RCE Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-6332
Title: Microsoft Windows OLE Automation Array Memory Corruption Code
Execution Vulnerability (MS14-064)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: OleAut32.dll in OLE in Microsoft Windows Server 2003 SP2, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2, and Windows RT Gold and 8.1 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted web site, as demonstrated by an array-redimensioning attempt that triggers improper handling of a size value in the SafeArrayDimen function, aka "Windows OLE Automation Array Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

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MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2016-02-23 - 2016-03-01:
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: 1E12BDA263975D22103CD09B46EE238641CA890570FC7850254328AAE40C994D
MD5: c69c9e7b12acee2ffa97057ddb123ecf
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/1E12BDA263975D22103CD09B46EE238641CA890570FC7850254328AAE40C994D/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: smdmfu.exe
Claimed Product: SmdmF Module
Detection Name: Adware:KipodToolsC-tpd

SHA 256: 3E05352FBA39AED7B20B03D74DCE6C277A73218C7FFCC0334ED4805395CB0FDE
MD5: 55fe2c1ea9246468d70a82f22438f410
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/3E05352FBA39AED7B20B03D74DCE6C277A73218C7FFCC0334ED4805395CB0FDE/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: Application
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: OSX.MAC:GenieoK.17nk.1201

SHA 256: 3B17689A486D68813C31BF2BA610BF36F4B1F5B0403B0316C9833348845306FC
MD5: 37ee9a5257102d876cfae15bccfbbf78
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/3B17689A486D68813C31BF2BA610BF36F4B1F5B0403B0316C9833348845306FC/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: WebSocketServerApp
Claimed Product: WebSocketServerApp
Detection Name: W32.Auto.3b1768.182243.in01

SHA 256:56CCB8B34246A278CB2A6BA4396C88D58C587BB37894D048AB9943DB8F8B8532
MD5: c56c5a9510d0c36bbfe871abd4be5403
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/56CCB8B34246A278CB2A6BA4396C88D58C587BB37894D048AB9943DB8F8B8532/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: XLGameBox_0.0.0.0.exe
Claimed Product: "??????????"
Detection Name: W32.56CCB8B342.Ramnit.tht.Talos

SHA 256: 870C2938FC255EF479C519D4E8340BC39AB534C5EA406CD591D99F4E16441FB5
MD5: 7d2b812bb164fa5ed6e58486e22e9ae3
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/870C2938FC255EF479C519D4E8340BC39AB534C5EA406CD591D99F4E16441FB5/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: SetupDependencies.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: Auto.870C2938FC.RSU-1202.tht.Talos

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