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@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

September 8, 2016

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 16, Num. 36

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked

Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/at-risk =============================================================


MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2016-08-30 - 2016-09-06

TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Apple Patches Trio of Vulnerabilities (AKA "Trident") in Mac OS X and Safari

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Title: Apple Patches Trio of Vulnerabilities (AKA "Trident") in Mac OS X and Safari
Description: Apple has released two security advisories for Mac OS X and Safari to address the three iOS 0-day vulnerabilities identified by Citizen Labs and Lookout Security targeting human rights activists. The three vulnerabilities (CVE-2016-4655, CVE-2016-4656, CVE-2016-4657) were all recently patched in iOS 9.3.5, but had not yet been patched for Mac OS X and Safari. Apple's latest updates fix the same issues for Mac OS X and Safari. Users are advised to update their Macs accordingly.
Snort SID: Detection pending release of vulnerability information

Title: Cisco Issues Two Critical Security Advisories for Sx 220 Series Switches and WebEx Meeting Center
Description: Cisco has released a pair of critical security advisories for Cisco Small Business 220 Series Smart Plus (Sx220) Switches and WebEx Meeting Center. The flaw in Sx200 series switches, CVE-2016-1473, is an unauthorized access vulnerability in the SNMP functionality where an attackers could gain "unauthorized access to SNMP objects on an affected device." The other flaw affecting WebEx Meeting Center, CVE-2016-1464, is an arbitrary code execution flaw which manifests due to improper handling of user-supplied files. Cisco has released software and firmware updates that address both flaws. Cisco also notes that no workarounds are available for either flaw.
Snort SID: 39994, 40013-40014

Title: Google Releases Patch for Critical Memory Dumping Flaw in Nexus 5X
Description: Researchers at IBM X-Force have identified a critical flaw in certain Nexus 5X bootloaders that could potentially allow an attacker to dump memory of the device. The vulnerability in question is exploitable via "physical or nonphysical attackers with Android Debug Bridge (ADB) access to the device." If an attacker issues a 'fastboot oem panic' command "via the fastboot USB interface," the device would crash and "cause the bootloader to expose a serial-over-USB connection." This "would allow an attacker to obtain a full memory dump of the device." Google has acknowledged the issue and have patched the vulnerability.



Snagging creds from locked machines

Talos ShadowGate Take Down: Global Malvertising Campaign Thwarted

Pokemon-themed Umbreon Linux Rootkit Hits x86, ARM Systems

Creating Malicious Outlook Rules

Apple, Fox News, and ACLU join Microsoft's fight against secret data demands



This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: CVE-2016-6366
Title: Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance SNMP Buffer Overflow Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Cisco
Description: Buffer overflow in Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) Software through on ASA 5500, ASA 5500-X, ASA Services Module, ASA 1000V, ASAv, Firepower 9300 ASA Security Module, PIX, and FWSM devices allows remote authenticated users to execute arbitrary code via crafted IPv4 SNMP packets, aka Bug ID CSCva92151 or EXTRABACON.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 8.5 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-1017
Title: Adobe Flash Player "AS2 LoadVars" Use-after-free Code Execution Vulnerability (APSA16-10)
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Use-after-free vulnerability in the LoadVars.decode function in Adobe Flash Player before and 19.x through 21.x before on Windows and OS X and before on Linux allows attackers to execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors, a different vulnerability than CVE-2016-1011, CVE-2016-1013, CVE-2016-1016, and CVE-2016-1031.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-4171
Title: Adobe Flash Code Execution Vulnerability (APSA16-03)
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Unspecified vulnerability in Adobe Flash Player and earlier allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via unknown vectors, as exploited in the wild in June 2016.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-0185
Title: Microsoft Windows Media Center Input Validation Remote Code Execution Vulneraiblity (MS16-059)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Media Center in Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows 7 SP1, and Windows 8.1 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted Media Center link (aka .mcl) file, aka "Windows Media Center Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-4117
Title: Adobe Flash Player Integer Overflow Code Execution Vulnerability (APSA16-02)
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Adobe Flash Player and earlier allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors, as exploited in the wild in May 2016.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-0189
Title: Microsoft Internet Explorer Scripting Engine Memory Corruption Vulnerability
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: The Microsoft (1) JScript 5.8 and (2) VBScript 5.7 and 5.8 engines, as used in Internet Explorer 9 through 11 and other products, allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (memory corruption) via a crafted web site, aka "Scripting Engine Memory Corruption Vulnerability," a different vulnerability than CVE-2016-0187.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.6 (AV:N/AC:H/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-1287
Title: Cisco ASA Software IKEv1 and IKEv2 Buffer Overflow Vulnerability
Vendor: Cisco
Description: Buffer overflow in the IKEv1 and IKEv2 implementations in Cisco ASA Software before 8.4(7.30), 8.7 before 8.7(1.18), 9.0 before 9.0(4.38), 9.1 before 9.1(7), 9.2 before 9.2(4.5), 9.3 before 9.3(3.7), 9.4 before 9.4(2.4), and 9.5 before 9.5(2.2) on ASA 5500 devices, ASA 5500-X devices, ASA Services Module for Cisco Catalyst 6500 and Cisco 7600 devices, ASA 1000V devices, Adaptive Security Virtual Appliance (aka ASAv), Firepower 9300 ASA Security Module, and ISA 3000 devices allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (device reload) via crafted UDP packets, aka Bug IDs CSCux29978 and CSCux42019.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-3081
Title: Apache Struts Input Validation Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Apache Structs
Description: Apache Struts 2.x before, 2.3.24.x before, and 2.3.28.x before, when Dynamic Method Invocation is enabled, allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via method: prefix, related to chained expressions.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2016-08-30 - 2016-09-06:

SHA 256: F9B8F7F285F811EE720CCE7BCCD98A421A26FB90DD7B022118D4B4E1F340036B
MD5: 0612402ad98c8c31cd6f2b914a419039
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/F9B8F7F285F811EE720CCE7BCCD98A421A26FB90DD7B022118D4B4E1F340036B/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: gfhppi.exe
Claimed Product: (none)
Detection Name: W32.Malware:Pramro.19it.1201

SHA 256: D33560FD760BB1DAD9988F7E1E5C7FA19B5D4DBBC2F585125F0D4D788A8F7F85
MD5: 632e4213f00a23820ce4e0606abd1873
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/D33560FD760BB1DAD9988F7E1E5C7FA19B5D4DBBC2F585125F0D4D788A8F7F85/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: ApplicationManager
Claimed Product: (none)
Detection Name: OSX.MAC:Malwaregen.19j3.1201

SHA 256: 5D90E71DED74F744E01F30A80AE938B9259B298476C919E4014EF32A392A15C7
MD5: f108b4538360491d7421fe18edc1c5e8
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/5D90E71DED74F744E01F30A80AE938B9259B298476C919E4014EF32A392A15C7/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: pinyinup.exe
Claimed Product: "???????"
Detection Name: W32.5D90E71DED-100.SBX.VIOC

SHA 256: 8897F94710F3CA65AF0E52F6E2B76E6319DD5FB0DD6AD0968F8ACC0D25EE783A
MD5: cc9e1075db0645f1032f8c4b4412deba
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/8897F94710F3CA65AF0E52F6E2B76E6319DD5FB0DD6AD0968F8ACC0D25EE783A/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: winwxwrp.exe
Claimed Product: (none)
Detection Name: W32.Crypt:Rootkitgen.19j1.1201

SHA 256: F4AE1A3D610A57547F014215A5D7AAED8572CD36AA77A9567C183F11430A6B55
MD5: 51e63633487f9180ec8031980684bf86
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/ADE8BC9B9A13C537FF8F1B61987D4F6839C63325A4A84426EF087DA11241AF17/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: winxbhny.exe
Claimed Product: (none)
Detection Name: W32.ADE8BC9B9A-100.SBX.VIOC


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