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Newsletters: @RISK


@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

September 1, 2016
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@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 16, Num. 35

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked

Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/at-risk =============================================================

CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2016-08-23 - 2016-08-30
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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Apple Releases Emergency iOS Update to Address Zero-Day Vulnerabilities Being Exploited in the Wild

**************** Sponsored By Minerva Labs *****************

Register for this Tool Talk that demonstrates the capabilities of the attacker, the five minute process to create zero day malware which eludes known security defenses, and an approach that prioritizes prevention of malware without the need to detect it first. http://www.sans.org/info/188287

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TRAINING UPDATE

--SANS Brussels Autumn 2016 | Brussels, Belgium | September 5-10 |
http://www.sans.org/u/iZW

--Northern Virginia-Crystal City | Crystal City, VA | September 6-11 |
Seven training courses in IT Security, Windows forensics, security management and ethical hacking. Plus multiple bonus evening talk.
http://www.sans.org/u/jCd

--Network Security 2016 | Las Vegas, NV | September 10-19 | Our largest information security training event of the year. 45+ courses, bonus evening presentations, solutions expo, extraordinary networking opportunities, 2 nights of NetWars, industry receptions, and more!
http://www.sans.org/u/jCi/p>

--SANS London Autumn 2016 | London, UK | September 19-24 |
http://www.sans.org/u/jL0

--Security Leadership Summit & Training | September 27 - October 4, 2016 | Dallas, TX | For CISOs of Today and Tomorrow! Two days of in-depth Summit talks, exclusive networking opportunities, and five SANS courses.
http://www.sans.org/u/i2I

--SANS Seattle 2016 | October 3-8, 2016 | Seattle, WA | 6 courses in IT security, pen testing, security management, ICS/SCADA and forensics and incident response disciplines. Networking opportunities at the SANS@Night evening talks.
http://www.sans.org/u/jLa

--SANS DFIR Prague 2016 | October 3-15, 2016 | Prague, Czech Republic |
http://www.sans.org/u/jLfN

--SANS Baltimore 2016 | October 10-15, 2016 | Baltimore, MD | 10 courses ranging from introductory to the most advanced training, including the new Cyber Threat Intelligence course. And multiple SANS@Night bonus talks to enhance your training experience.
http://www.sans.org/u/jLk

--SANS San Diego 2016 | October 23-28, 2016 | San Diego, CA |
http://www.sans.org/u/kpc

--SANS Tokyo Autumn 2016 | Tokyo, Japan | October 17-29, 2016 |
http://www.sans.org/u/kBR

--SANS Tysons Corner 2016 | Tysons Corner, VA | October 22-29, 2016 |
http://www.sans.org/u/kBW

--SANS San Diego 2016 | October 23-28, 2016 | San Diego, CA |
http://www.sans.org/u/kpc

--Pen Test HackFest Summit & Training | Crystal City, VA | November 2-9, 2016 |
Two days of talks, seven courses, THREE nights of NetWars, Coin-A-Palooza, SANS Cybercity, and a Super-Secret Field Trip!
http://www.sans.org/u/i2X

-- Can't travel? SANS offers LIVE online instruction. Day (Simulcast - http://www.sans.org/u/WK) and Evening (vLive - http://www.sans.org/u/WZ) courses available!

-- Multi-week Live SANS training
Mentor - http://www.sans.org/u/X9 Contact - mentor@sans.org

-- Looking for training in your own community?
Community - http://www.sans.org/u/Xo

-- SANS OnDemand lets you train anytime, anywhere with four months of online access to your course. Learn more: Plus Bangalore, Oslo, Tokyo, Munich, and San Diego all in the next 90 days.
For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live:
http://www.sans.org/u/XN

********************** Sponsored Links: ********************

1) Security practitioners are hearing more about threat intelligence (TI). But what exactly is it, and how can TI be effectively deployed?
Register: http://www.sans.org/info/188292

2) Hardening Microservices Security: Building a Layered Defense Strategy Wednesday, September 21st, 2016 at 1:00 PM.
Register: http://www.sans.org/info/188297

3) What are your vulnerabilities? Do you even know? Take SANS survey and enter to win a $400 Amazon Gift Card. Take the survey HERE:
http://www.sans.org/info/187750

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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: Apple Releases Emergency iOS Update to Address Zero-Day Vulnerabilities Being Exploited in the Wild Description: Apple has released an emergency security update for iOS after it was discovered that three zero-day vulnerabilities were being exploited in the wild. These three vulnerabilities when used together could be used to achieve remote code execution with kernel level privileges. Citizen Labs and Lookout, research firms that privately disclosed the vulnerabilities to Apple, state that these vulnerabilities were used to install surveillance software on the phones of human rights activists. Users are advised to patch immediately. Reference:
https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT207107
https://citizenlab.org/2016/08/million-dollar-dissident-iphone-zero-day-nso-group-uae/
Snort SID: Detection pending release of vulnerability information

Title: VMware Addresses Vulnerability in VMware Identity Manager and vRealize Automation Description: VMware has released a security update for Identity Manager and vRealize Automation to address CVE-2016-5335 and CVE-2016-5336. CVE-2016-5335 is a local privilege escalation vulnerability within Identity Manager and affects Identity Manager 2.x and vRealize 7.0.x. CVE-2016-5336 is a remote code execution vulnerability in vRealize Automation 7.0.x. that could allow an attacker to "access to a low-privileged account on the appliance." Note that workarounds are available for CVE-2016-5336.
Reference:
http://www.vmware.com/security/advisories/VMSA-2016-0013.html
Snort SID: Detection pending release of vulnerability information

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INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

The Hunt for Lurk
https://securelist.com/analysis/publications/75944/the-hunt-for-lurk/

Slaying Rogue Access Points With Python And Cheap Hardware
http://blog.gdssecurity.com/labs/2016/8/26/slaying-rogue-access-points-with-python-and-cheap-hardware.html

France, Germany Call for European Decryption Law
https://threatpost.com/france-germany-call-for-european-decryption-law/120139/

Inside "The Attack That Almost Broke the Internet"
http://krebsonsecurity.com/2016/08/inside-the-attack-that-almost-broke-the-internet/?

Locky Morphs Again: Now Delivered as a DLL
http://blog.cyren.com/articles/locky-morphs-again-now-delivered-as-dll.html

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RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: CVE-2016-6366
Title: Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance SNMP Buffer Overflow Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Cisco
Description: Buffer overflow in Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) Software through 9.4.2.3 on ASA 5500, ASA 5500-X, ASA Services Module, ASA 1000V, ASAv, Firepower 9300 ASA Security Module, PIX, and FWSM devices allows remote authenticated users to execute arbitrary code via crafted IPv4 SNMP packets, aka Bug ID CSCva92151 or EXTRABACON.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 8.5 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-1017
Title: Adobe Flash Player "AS2 LoadVars" Use-after-free Code Execution Vulnerability (APSA16-10)
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Use-after-free vulnerability in the LoadVars.decode function in Adobe Flash Player before 18.0.0.343 and 19.x through 21.x before 21.0.0.213 on Windows and OS X and before 11.2.202.616 on Linux allows attackers to execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors, a different vulnerability than CVE-2016-1011, CVE-2016-1013, CVE-2016-1016, and CVE-2016-1031.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-4171
Title: Adobe Flash Code Execution Vulnerability (APSA16-03)
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Unspecified vulnerability in Adobe Flash Player 21.0.0.242 and earlier allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via unknown vectors, as exploited in the wild in June 2016.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-0185
Title: Microsoft Windows Media Center Input Validation Remote Code Execution Vulneraiblity (MS16-059)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Media Center in Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows 7 SP1, and Windows 8.1 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted Media Center link (aka .mcl) file, aka "Windows Media Center Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-4117
Title: Adobe Flash Player Integer Overflow Code Execution Vulnerability (APSA16-02)
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Adobe Flash Player 21.0.0.226 and earlier allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors, as exploited in the wild in May 2016.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-0189
Title: Microsoft Internet Explorer Scripting Engine Memory Corruption Vulnerability
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: The Microsoft (1) JScript 5.8 and (2) VBScript 5.7 and 5.8 engines, as used in Internet Explorer 9 through 11 and other products, allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (memory corruption) via a crafted web site, aka "Scripting Engine Memory Corruption Vulnerability," a different vulnerability than CVE-2016-0187.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.6 (AV:N/AC:H/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-1287
Title: Cisco ASA Software IKEv1 and IKEv2 Buffer Overflow Vulnerability
Vendor: Cisco
Description: Buffer overflow in the IKEv1 and IKEv2 implementations in Cisco ASA Software before 8.4(7.30), 8.7 before 8.7(1.18), 9.0 before 9.0(4.38), 9.1 before 9.1(7), 9.2 before 9.2(4.5), 9.3 before 9.3(3.7), 9.4 before 9.4(2.4), and 9.5 before 9.5(2.2) on ASA 5500 devices, ASA 5500-X devices, ASA Services Module for Cisco Catalyst 6500 and Cisco 7600 devices, ASA 1000V devices, Adaptive Security Virtual Appliance (aka ASAv), Firepower 9300 ASA Security Module, and ISA 3000 devices allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (device reload) via crafted UDP packets, aka Bug IDs CSCux29978 and CSCux42019.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-3081
Title: Apache Struts Input Validation Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Apache Structs
Description: Apache Struts 2.x before 2.3.20.2, 2.3.24.x before 2.3.24.2, and 2.3.28.x before 2.3.28.1, when Dynamic Method Invocation is enabled, allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via method: prefix, related to chained expressions.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

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MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2016-08-23 - 2016-08-30:
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: 1F54236CFCFE85240B0BC921E2C744280D352AAF68CC4382EEDCDC214E04266B
MD5: 268ea500ec94f5970352298e3bf8747e
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/1F54236CFCFE85240B0BC921E2C744280D352AAF68CC4382EEDCDC214E04266B/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: op.exe
Claimed Product: "pdfforgeAdOffer"
Detection Name: W32.1F54236CFC-95.SBX.TG

SHA 256: F83DAB5E27D17DEC0C491D4D8587F08B5B684B5782C7A91D529D9A891420829D
MD5: 286c334b4c13952cfb3fd03e97e59b00
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/F83DAB5E27D17DEC0C491D4D8587F08B5B684B5782C7A91D529D9A891420829D/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: complaint_23113.doc
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.F83DAB5E27-100.SBX.TG

SHA 256: 87F0FD15BA97FE0A2B80BCD0238BE6BD801D694910C292AC30A596D93DBE2C34
MD5: 001e47797a4b1909878cda3afd350658
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/87F0FD15BA97FE0A2B80BCD0238BE6BD801D694910C292AC30A596D93DBE2C34/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: complaint_67185.doc
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.87F0FD15BA-100.SBX.TG

SHA 256: F9B8F7F285F811EE720CCE7BCCD98A421A26FB90DD7B022118D4B4E1F340036B
MD5: 0612402ad98c8c31cd6f2b914a419039
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/F9B8F7F285F811EE720CCE7BCCD98A421A26FB90DD7B022118D4B4E1F340036B/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: winbaynkl.exe
Claimed Product: (none)
Detection Name: W32.Malware:Pramro.19it.1201

SHA 256: 261CFE24C55D44AD597D62E72C5F6897EB14AB9B1E6D017686033E5740ED9531
MD5: 0800df542bcbf052226737331af0f90b
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/261CFE24C55D44AD597D62E72C5F6897EB14AB9B1E6D017686033E5740ED9531/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: PowerISO6-x64.exe
Claimed Product: "PowerISO Setup"
Detection Name: Auto.261CFE24C5.Adware.ConvertAd.tht.Talos

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