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Newsletters: @RISK


@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

April 7, 2016
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@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 16, Num. 14

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked

Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/at-risk

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CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2016-03-29 - 2016-04-05
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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Adobe Releases Security Advisory for Flash Vulnerability Under Active Exploitation; Forthcoming Patch To Be Released Apr 7

******************* Sponsored By MalwareBytes *******************

Securing the Internet of Old Things (IoOT). Wednesday, April 20, 2016 at 2:00 PM EDT (18:00:00 UTC). Malwarebytes and G.W. Ray Davidson with SANS drill down on recent findings from the SANS 2016 Endpoint Security Survey. Learn how time is critical in incident response capabilities, the importance of focusing on IoOT and IoT, and how to prevent malicious attacks and simplify remediation efforts.
http://www.sans.org/info/184657

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TRAINING UPDATE

- --SANS Secure Europe 2016 | Amsterdam, Netherlands | April 4-16 | 5 courses. Mainland Europe's largest security training event, 8 courses across 2 weeks, all aligned to a GIAC exam, plus @night talks.
http://www.sans.org/u/dPU

- --Threat Hunting & Incident Response Summit & Training | New Orleans, LA | April 12-19, 2016 | Will you be the hunter or the prey? Two days of Summit talks, 6 courses, networking opportunities & more!
http://www.sans.org/u/dgR

- --SANS Pen Test Austin | April 18-23 | 7 courses | 3 nights of NetWars | Coin-A-Palooza | Special evening events including a Night of Hands-On Pen Testing of "Internet of Things" Devices
www.sans.org/u/dzp

- --SANS Security West | April 29-May 6 | 28 courses, bonus evening presentations, 2 nights of NetWars, multiple talks on Emerging Trends, networking opportunities and more!
www.sans.org/u/dzu

- --SANS Stockholm 2016 | Stockholm, Sweden | May 9-14 | 5 courses. SANS training in the Nordics, 5 courses including Mobile, Virtualisation, Defending Web Apps, and Reverse Engineering Malware.
http://www.sans.org/u/ffm

- --Security Operations Center Summit & Training | Crystal City, VA | May 19-26, 2016 | Sharing information to make cybersecurity work effectively. Two days of Summit talks featuring a keynote by Dr. Eric Cole, 4 SANS courses, networking, & more!
http://www.sans.org/u/fp7

- - --Can't travel? SANS offers LIVE online instruction.
Day (Simulcast - http://www.sans.org/u/WK) and Evening (vLive - http://www.sans.org/u/WZ) courses available!

- -- Multi-week Live SANS training
Mentor -http://www.sans.org/u/X9
Contact mentor@sans.org

- -- Looking for training in your own community?
Community -http://www.sans.org/u/Xo

- -- SANS OnDemand lets you train anytime, anywhere with four months of online access to your course. Learn more: http://www.sans.org/u/XD

Plus Canberra, Copenhagen, Prague, Houston, and Berlin all in the next 90 days.

For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live:
http://www.sans.org/u/XN

********************** Sponsored Links: ********************

1) Overcome Privilege Management Obstacles with CSC v. 6. Tuesday, April 26, 2016 at 11:00 AM EDT (15:00:00 UTC) with John Pescatore and Jon Wallace.
Register today: http://www.sans.org/info/184662

2) How to Produce a World-Class Threat Intelligence Capability From Scratch. Wednesday, April 27, 2016 at 3:00 PM EDT (19:00:00 UTC) with Levi Gundert and John Pescatore.
http://www.sans.org/info/184667

3) 2016 SANS ICS Security Survey -- Take Survey for Chance to Win $400 Amazon Card.
http://www.sans.org/info/184672

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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Adobe Releases Security Advisory for Flash Vulnerability Under Active Exploitation; Forthcoming Patch To Be Released Apr 7
Description: Adobe has released a security advisory for a Flash Player vulnerability that is under active exploitation in the wild. CVE-2016-1019 is a critical vulnerability that affects Flash Player versions 20.0.0.306 and earlier. Flash Player versions 21.0.0.197 and later are not affected due to a mitigation introduced in 21.0.0.182. Users are advised to either update their Flash Player installations to the most up to date version or to disable Flash Player in their browser to reduce the risk of compromise. Adobe has scheduled a security update to be release that will address this vulnerability on Thurs, Apr 7.
Reference:
https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/flash-player/apsa16-01.html
Snort SID: Detection pending

Title: Google Releases Monthly Security Bulletin for Android and Nexus Devices; Multiple Critical Flaws Patched
Description: Google has released its monthly security bulletin for the Android OS and Nexus devices. This month's bulletin addresses 39 vulnerabilities within the mobile operating system with 15 flaws identified as "Critical," 16 identified as "High," and 8 identified as "Important." The majority of the "Critical" severity vulnerabilities are remote code execution flaws within the DHCPCD, Media Codec, Mediaserver, and libstagefright libraries/components. Google has released an over-the-air update to address these flaws in Nexus devices. In addition, Android partners have been notified of these flaws with source code addressing these flaws being released.
Reference:
https://source.android.com/security/bulletin/2016-04-02.html

Title: Cisco Releases Security Advisory Addressing Flaw in FirePower Software
Description: Cisco has released a security advisory to address a flaw that manifests in the "malicious file detection and blocking features of Cisco Firepower System Software." CVE-2016-1345 manifests as a result of improperly validating HTTP headers, allowing an attacker to send a specifically crafted HTTP request that would bypass malicious file detection and blocking policies. This vulnerability impacts both FirePOWER appliances as well as any device that utilizes FirePower System Software such as ASAs. Cisco has released a software update that addresses this vulnerability.
Reference:
Reference: https://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20160330-fp

Title: Multiple Vulnerabilities Identified in Quanta LTE routers
Description: An independent security researcher (known as Pierre Kim) has identified multiple vulnerabilities in Quanta LTE routers ranging from hard coded SSH keys and backdoor accounts to network eavesdropping. In total, over 20 security vulnerabilities or issues were identified by Kim. Per the advisory Kim posted, Quanta has indicated that the router is End-of-Life and will not work on addressing the security vulnerabilities that have been identified.
Reference:
Reference: https://pierrekim.github.io/blog/2016-04-04-quanta-lte-routers-vulnerabilities.html

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INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

WhatsApp Now Includes End-to-End Encryption of Messages and Calls
https://www.whispersystems.org/blog/whatsapp-complete/

Tax Day Extortion: PowerWare Crypto-ransomware Targets Tax Files
http://blog.trendmicro.com/trendlabs-security-intelligence/tax-day-extortion-powerware-crypto-ransomware-targets-tax-files/

How Reporters Pulled Off the Panama Papers, the Biggest Leak in Whistleblower History
http://www.wired.com/2016/04/reporters-pulled-off-panama-papers-biggest-leak-whistleblower-history/

Open Source GPS Tracking System: Traccar
https://n0where.net/open-source-gps-tracking-system-traccar/

Domino's: Pizza and Payments
http://www.ifc0nfig.com/dominos-pizza-and-payments/

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RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: CVE-2016-1010
Title: Adobe Flash Player Integer Overflow Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Integer overflow in Adobe Flash Player before 18.0.0.333 and 19.x through 21.x before 21.0.0.182 on Windows and OS X and before 11.2.202.577 on Linux, Adobe AIR before 21.0.0.176, Adobe AIR SDK before 21.0.0.176, and Adobe AIR SDK & Compiler before 21.0.0.176 allows attackers to execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors, a different vulnerability than CVE-2016-0963 and CVE-2016-0993.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-1524
Title: NETGEAR Network Management System 300 Arbitrary File Upload Vulnerability
Vendor: Netgear
Description: Multiple unrestricted file upload vulnerabilities in NETGEAR Management System NMS300 1.5.0.11 and earlier allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary Java code by using (1) fileUpload.do or (2) lib-1.0/external/flash/fileUpload.do to upload a JSP file, and then accessing it via a direct request for a /null URI.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-1909
Title: SSH Backdoor for FortiGate OS Version 4.x up to 5.0.7
Vendor: Fortinet
Description: FortiOS 4.x before 4.3.17 and 5.0.x before 5.0.8 has a hardcoded passphrase for the Fortimanager_Access account, which allows remote attackers to obtain administrative access via an SSH session.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (HIGH) (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-8651
Title: Adobe Flash Player Unspecified Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Integer overflow in Adobe Flash Player before 18.0.0.324 and 19.x and 20.x before 20.0.0.267 on Windows and OS X and before 11.2.202.559 on Linux, Adobe AIR before 20.0.0.233, Adobe AIR SDK before 20.0.0.233, and Adobe AIR SDK & Compiler before 20.0.0.233 allows attackers to execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-7755
Title: Juniper ScreenOS Multiple Security Issues
Vendor: Juniper
Description: Juniper ScreenOS 6.2.0r15 through 6.2.0r18, 6.3.0r12 before 6.3.0r12b, 6.3.0r13 before 6.3.0r13b, 6.3.0r14 before 6.3.0r14b, 6.3.0r15 before 6.3.0r15b, 6.3.0r16 before 6.3.0r16b, 6.3.0r17 before 6.3.0r17b, 6.3.0r18 before 6.3.0r18b, 6.3.0r19 before 6.3.0r19b, and 6.3.0r20 before 6.3.0r21 allows remote attackers to obtain administrative access by entering an unspecified password during a (1) SSH or (2) TELNET session.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (HIGH) (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-6132
Title: Microsoft Windows Library Loading Input Validation Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2, Windows RT Gold and 8.1, and Windows 10 Gold and 1511 mishandle library loading, which allows local users to gain privileges via a crafted application, aka "Windows Library Loading Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.2 (AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-7645
Title: Adobe Flash Player Code Execution Vulnerability (APSB15-27)
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Adobe Flash Player 18.x through 18.0.0.252 and 19.x through 19.0.0.207 on Windows and OS X and 11.x through 11.2.202.535 on Linux allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted SWF file, as exploited in the wild in October 2015.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

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MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2016-03-22 - 2016-03-29:
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: F5D3F9B1A9C4B59DBCF34782A3B5AB3A89EB47EE3195364E54CC2845502E020E
MD5: de04a6ee625c7b8dd09ce22cd5cfb2e9
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/F5D3F9B1A9C4B59DBCF34782A3B5AB3A89EB47EE3195364E54CC2845502E020E/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: ApplicationManager
Claimed Product:
Detection Name: OSX.Variant:SpigotD.19d2.1201

SHA 256: 8897F94710F3CA65AF0E52F6E2B76E6319DD5FB0DD6AD0968F8ACC0D25EE783A
MD5: cc9e1075db0645f1032f8c4b4412deba
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/8897F94710F3CA65AF0E52F6E2B76E6319DD5FB0DD6AD0968F8ACC0D25EE783A/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: winvfmr.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Crypt:SalityGR.18i0.1201

SHA 256:F4AE1A3D610A57547F014215A5D7AAED8572CD36AA77A9567C183F11430A6B55
MD5: 51e63633487f9180ec8031980684bf86
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/F4AE1A3D610A57547F014215A5D7AAED8572CD36AA77A9567C183F11430A6B55/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: winunfxo.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Malware:Pramro.19cf.1201

SHA 256: 3041609F9A5A8DDF6336C044D95DED232F14D07C2A50ACEC692EB785F04C32E4
MD5: ea397c683289f02e4f5fe09327e03962
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/3041609F9A5A8DDF6336C044D95DED232F14D07C2A50ACEC692EB785F04C32E4/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: hiycf.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: Trojan:Sality-tpd

SHA 256: F9B8F7F285F811EE720CCE7BCCD98A421A26FB90DD7B022118D4B4E1F340036B
MD5: 0612402ad98c8c31cd6f2b914a419039
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/F9B8F7F285F811EE720CCE7BCCD98A421A26FB90DD7B022118D4B4E1F340036B/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: rlng.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Malware:Pramro.19di.1201

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