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Newsletters: @RISK


@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

March 10, 2016
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@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 16, Num. 10

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked

Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/at-risk

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CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2016-03-01 - 2016-08-08
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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Microsoft Releases Monthly Set of Security Advisories for March 2016

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TRAINING UPDATE

- --SANS 2016 | Orlando, Florida | March 12-21 | 43 courses, bonus evening presentations, solutions expo, extraordinary networking opportunities, 2 nights of NetWars, industry receptions, and more!
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- --SANS Northern Virginia - Reston | April 4-9 | 9 courses including the NEW, Network Penetration Testing and Ethical Hacking & Cyber Threat Intelligence course
www.sans.org/u/dza

- --SANS Atlanta | April 4-9 | 6 courses including the new Network Penetration Testing and Ethical Hacking course
www.sans.org/u/dz5

- --Threat Hunting & Incident Response Summit & Training | New Orleans, LA | April 12-19, 2016 | Will you be the hunter or the prey? Two days of Summit talks and 6 courses; including the new FOR578 Cyber Threat Intelligence course.
http://www.sans.org/u/dgR

- --SANS Pen Test Austin | April 18-23 | 7 courses | 3 nights of NetWars | Coin-A-Palooza | Special evening events including a Night of Hands-On Pen Testing of "Internet of Things" Devices
www.sans.org/u/dzp

- --SANS Security West | April 29-May 6 | 28 courses, bonus evening presentations, 2 nights of NetWars, multiple talks on Emerging Trends, networking opportunities and more!
www.sans.org/u/dzu

- - --Can't travel? SANS offers LIVE online instruction.
Day (Simulcast - http://www.sans.org/u/WK) and Evening (vLive - http://www.sans.org/u/WZ) courses available!

- -- Multi-week Live SANS training
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- -- SANS OnDemand lets you train anytime, anywhere with four months of online access to your course. Learn more: http://www.sans.org/u/XD

Plus Singapore, Amsterdam, Canberra, Prague, and Stockholm all in the next 90 days.

For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live:
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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: Microsoft Releases Monthly Set of Security Advisories for March 2016
Description: Microsoft has released their monthly set of security bulletins addressing security vulnerabilities within various products. This month's release contains 13 bulletins addressing 44 vulnerabilities. Five bulletins are rated critical and address vulnerabilities in Edge, Graphic Fonts, Internet Explorer, Windows Media Player, and Window PDF. The remaining eight bulletins are rated important and address vulnerabilities in .NET, Office, and several other Windows components.
Reference: https://technet.microsoft.com/library/security/ms16-mar
Snort SID: 38061-38086, 38088-38101, 38106-38115, 38117-38120, 38122-38123

Title: New OS X Ransomware "KeRanger" Found in the Wild
Description: Researchers at Palo Alto Networks have discovered a new ransomware variant targeting Mac OS X. This ransomware variant, dubbed "KeRanger", was found in the Transmission BitTorrent client installer for OS X and was signed by a valid Mac app development certificate. In response to this threat, Apple has revoked the app development certificate and updated its XProtect rules to protect users. Snort rules and ClamAV signatures are also available and can detect this threat.
Reference:
http://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2016/03/new-os-x-ransomware-keranger-infected-transmission-bittorrent-client-installer/
Snort SID: 38116
ClamAV: Osx.Trojan.KeRanger

Title: Cisco Releases Security Advisory for Insecure Default Credentials for Nexus 3000 Series and 3500 Platform Switches
Description: Cisco has released a security advisory for CVE-2016-1329, an insecure default credentials vulnerability in Cisco NX-OS Software running on Nexus 3000 Series Switches and Nexus 3500 Platform Switches. An unauthenticated attacker who exploits this vulnerability could log in to an affected device with root privileges and with bash shell access. CVE-2016-1329 manifests as a result of a "user account that has a default and static password" being created at installation that cannot be removed without impacting the functionality of the system. Cisco has published workarounds that mitigate the impact of this vulnerability as well as updated software that addresses the flaw.
Reference:
https://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20160302-n3k

Title: Google Releases Security Bulletin for Android and Nexus Devices
Description: Google has released a security bulletin for Android and Nexus devices which address multiple vulnerabilities. Six critical vulnerabilities have been patched with two of the flaws being remote code execution vulnerabilities in Mediasever and in libvpx. Both of these vulnerabilities manifest as a result of improperly processing media files and could be exploited via MMS or browser playback of media. Eight high severity vulnerabilities and two moderate severity vulnerabilities were also addressed in Google's latest over-the-air update for Nexus devices. Google has notified partners about these vulnerabilities and will be releasing the source code for these patches to the Android Open Source Project.
Reference:
https://source.android.com/security/bulletin/2016-03-01.html
Snort SID: Detection pending release of vulnerability information

Title: Adobe Releases Security Bulletin for Acrobat, Reader, and Digital Editions
Description: Adobe has released two security advisories addressing vulnerabilities in Adobe Acrobat, Reader, and Digital Editions. APSB16-09 targets Adobe Acrobat and Reader and fixes three vulnerabilities, two of which could release to arbitrary code execution while the other could lead information disclosure. The other bulletin, APSB16-06, addresses CVE-2016-0964 which is a memory corruption flaw that could lead to arbitrary code execution. Adobe has released updated software that addresses the vulnerabilities in these affected products.
Reference:
https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/acrobat/apsb16-09.html
https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/Digital-Editions/apsb16-06.html
Snort SID: Detection pending release of vulnerability information

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INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

Locky Ransomware on Rampage With JavaScript Downloader
https://blogs.mcafee.com/mcafee-labs/locky-ransomware-rampage-javascript-downloader/

Verizon Wireless to pay $1.35M fine to settle 'supercookie' privacy case
http://www.zdnet.com/article/verizon-wireless-to-pay-million-dollar-fine-supercookie-case/

OpenSSL Operating With Renewed Vision Two Years After Heartbleed
https://threatpost.com/openssl-operating-with-renewed-vision-two-years-after-heartbleed/116567/

[Responsible disclosure] How I could have hacked all Facebook accounts
http://www.anandpraka.sh/2016/03/how-i-could-have-hacked-your-facebook.html

Inspeckage - Android Package Inspector
http://blog.tempest.com.br/antonio-martins/inspeckage-android-package-inspector.html

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RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: CVE-2016-1524
Title: NETGEAR Network Management System 300 Arbitrary File Upload Vulnerability
Vendor: Netgear
Description: Multiple unrestricted file upload vulnerabilities in NETGEAR Management System NMS300 1.5.0.11 and earlier allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary Java code by using (1) fileUpload.do or (2) lib-1.0/external/flash/fileUpload.do to upload a JSP file, and then accessing it via a direct request for a /null URI.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-1909
Title: SSH Backdoor for FortiGate OS Version 4.x up to 5.0.7
Vendor: Fortinet
Description: FortiOS 4.x before 4.3.17 and 5.0.x before 5.0.8 has a hardcoded passphrase for the Fortimanager_Access account, which allows remote attackers to obtain administrative access via an SSH session.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (HIGH) (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-8651
Title: Adobe Flash Player Unspecified Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Integer overflow in Adobe Flash Player before 18.0.0.324 and 19.x and 20.x before 20.0.0.267 on Windows and OS X and before 11.2.202.559 on Linux, Adobe AIR before 20.0.0.233, Adobe AIR SDK before 20.0.0.233, and Adobe AIR SDK & Compiler before 20.0.0.233 allows attackers to execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-7755
Title: Juniper ScreenOS Multiple Security Issues
Vendor: Juniper
Description: Juniper ScreenOS 6.2.0r15 through 6.2.0r18, 6.3.0r12 before 6.3.0r12b, 6.3.0r13 before 6.3.0r13b, 6.3.0r14 before 6.3.0r14b, 6.3.0r15 before 6.3.0r15b, 6.3.0r16 before 6.3.0r16b, 6.3.0r17 before 6.3.0r17b, 6.3.0r18 before 6.3.0r18b, 6.3.0r19 before 6.3.0r19b, and 6.3.0r20 before 6.3.0r21 allows remote attackers to obtain administrative access by entering an unspecified password during a (1) SSH or (2) TELNET session.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (HIGH) (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-6132
Title: Microsoft Windows Library Loading Input Validation Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2, Windows RT Gold and 8.1, and Windows 10 Gold and 1511 mishandle library loading, which allows local users to gain privileges via a crafted application, aka "Windows Library Loading Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.2 (AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-7645
Title: Adobe Flash Player Code Execution Vulnerability (APSB15-27)
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Adobe Flash Player 18.x through 18.0.0.252 and 19.x through 19.0.0.207 on Windows and OS X and 11.x through 11.2.202.535 on Linux allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted SWF file, as exploited in the wild in October 2015.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-2509
Title: Microsoft Windows Media Center MCL Vulnerability (MS15-100)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Windows Media Center in Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, and Windows 8.1 allows user-assisted remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted Media Center link (mcl) file, aka "Windows Media Center RCE Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-6332
Title: Microsoft Windows OLE Automation Array Memory Corruption Code
Execution Vulnerability (MS14-064)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: OleAut32.dll in OLE in Microsoft Windows Server 2003 SP2, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2, and Windows RT Gold and 8.1 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted web site, as demonstrated by an array-redimensioning attempt that triggers improper handling of a size value in the SafeArrayDimen function, aka "Windows OLE Automation Array Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

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MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2016-03-01 - 2016-08-08:
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: F0200428A8E7B6B51FF92C6D71D85B99AD8B80F0382C3A9C9C2F4DC73F3E5240
MD5: 188ff507561f9882729b117cb411af8e
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/F0200428A8E7B6B51FF92C6D71D85B99AD8B80F0382C3A9C9C2F4DC73F3E5240/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: ApplicationManager
Claimed Product: ApplicationManager
Detection Name: OSX.Variant:SpigotD.19cg.1201

SHA 256: 83CEC41170390E5E6D49ED7BF4FA76DDFB581C9E39D9EFE7ED9382957DE152DD
MD5: c913d292a9a907799526695c9ad3bfac
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/83CEC41170390E5E6D49ED7BF4FA76DDFB581C9E39D9EFE7ED9382957DE152DD/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: helperamc
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Auto.83cec4.191642.in01

SHA 256: F9B8F7F285F811EE720CCE7BCCD98A421A26FB90DD7B022118D4B4E1F340036B
MD5: 0612402ad98c8c31cd6f2b914a419039
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/F9B8F7F285F811EE720CCE7BCCD98A421A26FB90DD7B022118D4B4E1F340036B/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: winpivpas.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Malware:Pramro.19di.1201

SHA 256:3041609F9A5A8DDF6336C044D95DED232F14D07C2A50ACEC692EB785F04C32E4
MD5: ea397c683289f02e4f5fe09327e03962
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/3041609F9A5A8DDF6336C044D95DED232F14D07C2A50ACEC692EB785F04C32E4/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: wingliej.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: Trojan:Sality-tpd

SHA 256: 8897F94710F3CA65AF0E52F6E2B76E6319DD5FB0DD6AD0968F8ACC0D25EE783A
MD5: cc9e1075db0645f1032f8c4b4412deba
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/870C2938FC255EF479C519D4E8340BC39AB534C5EA406CD591D99F4E16441FB5/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: windkuh.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Crypt:SalityGR.18i0.1201

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