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Newsletters: @RISK


@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

February 26, 2015
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@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 15, Num. 08

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked.

Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/risk/

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CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2015-02-17 - 2015-02-24
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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Samba Server Uninitialized Pointer Use Flaw

******************** Sponsored By SANS *********************

Join SANS on March 4th at a Critical Security Controls briefing in the DC area. This half-day event provides an update on the Controls effort, will highlight new mappings to other security frameworks, and will provide a unique opportunity to engage in dialog around the Controls. Learn about key solution capabilities/customer success stories.
https://www.sans.org/vendor/event/critical-controls-security-briefing-washington-dc-mar2015.
This event will also be simulcast live and archived for later viewing.
Register at http://www.sans.org/info/174742

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TRAINING UPDATE

- -10th Annual ICS Security Summit | Orlando, FL | Feb 23 - March 2, 2015 |
At the ICS summit you will learn what is the nature of ICS-focused threats & implications of targeted attacks, what is not working and what are the paths (options) to build your program around. In addition Kim Zetter, Author, Countdown to Zero Day: Stuxnet and the Launch of the World's First Digital Weapon, to keynote. Come prepared to learn about the recent onset of ICS-focused attacks and how you need to hone your skills to defend our critical infrastructure systems. Plus 6 top-rated ICS courses.
http://www.sans.org/event/ics-security-summit-2015

- -DFIR Monterey 2015 | Monterey, CA | Feb 23-28, 2015 |
7 courses. Bonus evening presentations: Network Forensics: The Final Frontier (Until the Next One) and Power-up Your Malware Analysis with Forensics.
http://www.sans.org/event/dfir2015

- --SANS Munich 2015 | Munich, Germany | February 23-March 7, 2015
6 courses.
http://www.sans.org/event/munich-2015

- -SANS Secure Canberra 2015 | Canberra, Australia | March 16 - 28, 2015
5 courses.
http://www.sans.org/event/secure-canberra-2015

- --SANS Northern Virginia 2015 | Reston, VA | March 23-March 7, 2015
12 courses. Bonus evening presentations include Continuous Ownage: Why You Need Continuous Monitoring; and Debunking the Complex password Myth.
http://www.sans.org/event/northern-virginia-2015

-SANS 2015 | Orlando, FL | April 11-April 18, 2015
45 courses. Bonus evening presentations include Understanding the Offense to Build a Better Defense; and The Law of Offensive Countermeasures, Active Defense, or Whatever You Wanna Call It.
http://www.sans.org/u/Wv

Security Operations Center (SOC) Summit | Washington, DC | April 24 -
May 1, 2015 | Join chairmen Dr. Eric Cole and Jim Goddard as well as others who have faced similar challenges in increasing their enterprise's situational awareness and monitoring as well as responding to threats. 4 courses including the NEW SEC511 Continuous Monitoring and Security Operations course http://www.sans.org/u/1ps

- - -SANS Security West 2015 | San Diego, CA | May 3-May 12, 2015
29 courses. Bonus evening presentations include Emerging Trends in DFIR: Lightning Talks; and Enterprise PowerShell for Remote Security Assessment.
http://www.sans.org/u/1pd

- - --Can't travel? SANS offers LIVE online instruction. Day (www.sans.org/simulcast) and Evening (www.sans.org/vlive) courses available!

- -- Multi-week Live SANS training
http://www.sans.org/mentor/about
Contact mentor@sans.org

- -- Looking for training in your own community?
http://www.sans.org/community/

- --Save on On-Demand training (30 full courses) - See samples at
http://www.sans.org/ondemand/specials

Plus Oslo, London, and Bahrain all in the next 90 days.

For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live: www.sans.org

For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live:
http://www.sans.org/u/XN

********************** Sponsored Links: ********************

1) Free Financial Services Cybersecurity Trends And Challenges Briefing. Friday, March 6 in NYC. A unique opportunity to engage in dialogue around cybersecurity issues specific to the Finance Industry.
http://www.sans.org/info/174832

2) New Survey on ICS Security. Help SANS Assess Security Trends -- Enter to Win a $400 Amazon Gift Card.
http://www.sans.org/info/175057

3) 3/4 Webcast with Alissa Torres: Increase IR Response & Detect Attackers More Accurately and Efficiently
https://www.sans.org/webcasts/99467

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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

Title: Samba Server Uninitialized Pointer Use Flaw
Description: A critical vulnerability has been disclosed, affecting certain versions of Samba server. CVE-2015-0240 is a vulnerability within the Netlogon server implementation in Samba where the service attempts to perform a free operation on an uninitialized stack pointer. This could potentially allowing remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via maliciously crafted packets.
Reference:
https://securityblog.redhat.com/2015/02/23/samba-vulnerability-cve-2015-0240/
Snort SID: Detection pending

Title: Cisco IOS XR Software IPv6 Malformed Packet Denial of Service Vulnerability
Description: A vulnerability in the parsing of malformed IPv6 packets in Cisco IOS XR Software for Cisco Network Convergence System 6000 (NCS 6000) and Cisco Carrier Routing System (CRS-X) could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to cause a reload of a line card that is processing traffic and thus, cause a denial of service. Cisco has released free software updates that address this vulnerability,
CVE-2015-0618.
Reference:
http://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20150220-ipv6

Title: Lenovo Superfish Certificate Password Cracked
Description: The passwords for the Superfish certificates used to man-in-the-middle SSL/TLS traffic on certain Lenovo laptops have been cracked. The disclosure of these passwords could allow an attacker to forge certificates that could appear legitimate to Lenovo laptops with the Superfish root certificates installed and act as a man-in-the-middle and eavesdrop on otherwise encrypted communications.
Reference:
http://blog.erratasec.com/2015/02/extracting-superfish-certificate.html

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INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

Accessing the Windows API Directly (via Meterpreter & Railgun)
https://osandamalith.wordpress.com/2015/02/19/accessing-the-windows-api-directly/

"My Little Pwnie Box"
http://blog.rootshell.be/2015/02/19/my-little-pwnie-box/

"RIG Exploit Kit - Diving Deeper into the Infrastructure"
https://www.trustwave.com/Resources/SpiderLabs-Blog/RIG-Exploit-Kit-%E2%80%93-Diving-Deeper-into-the-Infrastructure/

"When 'EFBFBD' And Friends Come Knocking: Observations Of Byte Array To String Conversions"
http://blog.gdssecurity.com/labs/2015/2/18/when-efbfbd-and-friends-come-knocking-observations-of-byte-a.html

Visa asks to track your smartphone to help sniff out credit card fraud
http://pressreleases.visa.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=215693&p=irol-newsarticlePR&ID=2016148

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RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM.

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: CVE-2015-1497
Title: Persistent Systems Client Automation Command Injection Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Persistent Systems
Description: radexecd.exe in Persistent Systems Radia Client Automation (RCA) 7.9, 8.1, 9.0, and 9.1 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via a crafted request to TCP port 3465.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-7288
Title: Symantec Encryption Management Server - Remote Command Injection
Vendor: Symantec
Description: Symantec PGP Universal Server and Encryption Management Server before 3.3.2 MP7 allow remote authenticated administrators to execute arbitrary shell commands via a crafted command line in a database-backup restore action.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-0310
Title: Adobe Flash Player Memory Address Randomization Design Error Security Bypass Vulnerability
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Adobe Flash Player before 13.0.0.262 and 14.x through 16.x before 16.0.0.287 on Windows and OS X and before 11.2.202.438 on Linux does not properly restrict discovery of memory addresses, which allows attackers to bypass the ASLR protection mechanism on Windows, and have an unspecified impact on other platforms, via unknown vectors, as exploited in the wild in January 2015.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-10021
Title: WordPress WP Symposium 14.11 Shell Upload
Vendor: WP Symposium
Description: Unrestricted file upload vulnerability in UploadHandler.php in the WP Symposium plugin 14.11 for WordPress allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code by uploading a file with an executable extension, then accessing it via a direct request to the file in server/php/.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.5 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P)

ID: CVE-2014-4114
Title: Microsoft Windows OLE - Remote Code Execution "Sandworm" Exploit (MS14-060)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2, and Windows RT Gold and 8.1 allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted OLE object in an Office document, as exploited in the wild with a "Sandworm" attack in June through October 2014, aka "Windows OLE Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-7169
Title: Multiple Vendor Bash Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Multiple Vendors
Description: GNU Bash through 4.3 bash43-025 processes trailing strings after certain malformed function definitions in the values of environment variables, which allows remote attackers to write to files or possibly have unknown other impact via a crafted environment, as demonstrated by vectors involving the ForceCommand feature in OpenSSH sshd, the mod_cgi and mod_cgid modules in the Apache HTTP Server, scripts executed by unspecified DHCP clients, and other situations in which setting the environment occurs across a privilege boundary from Bash execution. NOTE: this vulnerability exists because of an incomplete fix for CVE-2014-6271.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-6271
Title: Multiple Vendor Bash Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Multiple Vendors
Description: GNU Bash through 4.3 processes trailing strings after function definitions in the values of environment variables, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted environment, as demonstrated by vectors involving the ForceCommand feature in OpenSSH sshd, the mod_cgi and mod_cgid modules in the Apache HTTP Server, scripts executed by unspecified DHCP clients, and other situations in which setting the environment occurs across a privilege boundary from Bash execution, aka "ShellShock." NOTE: the original fix for this issue was incorrect; CVE-2014-7169 has been assigned to cover the vulnerability that is still present after the incorrect fix.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

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MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2015-02-17 - 2015-02-24:
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: 55F173FB7CE33654D379663215DE48BD2F13CA4A607CBE4D90962DE33A4972E6
MD5: 1caf9472c70fb3567b85e1977a393720
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/55F173FB7CE33654D379663215DE48BD2F13CA4A607CBE4D90962DE33A4972E6/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: Runner.exe
Claimed Product: Search Protect
Detection Name: W32.SearchProtect.17nv.dk

SHA 256: 1D94C27748E7D0DC5FFD03AE99ACD9C30AAA8A6E91A66BEAB420650F9D6E4977
MD5: eb843f08b06cc5bb0e8bbe9f8aaa0ba6
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/1D94C27748E7D0DC5FFD03AE99ACD9C30AAA8A6E91A66BEAB420650F9D6E4977/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: 3uhYJZ81y66VEXc.exe
Detection Name: W32.Variant:Gen.17nv.1201

SHA 256: 6B85F7A8A87270292F546CD1DE615E594A37E518C4D0D35D136A52A0CC934C80
MD5: 7a9bf84ae6f5793548177fb6998ce922
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/6B85F7A8A87270292F546CD1DE615E594A37E518C4D0D35D136A52A0CC934C80/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: OCSetupHlp.dll
Claimed Product: OpenCandy
Detection Name: W32.Trojan.17hd.1201

SHA 256: 388641F7CB019D13683384BEE15E0E425A28BF91E4FE84B74D9BFB0A2E2E7088
MD5: 0c933868b86589bcf344e115e25a23df
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/388641F7CB019D13683384BEE15E0E425A28BF91E4FE84B74D9BFB0A2E2E7088/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: avayvxvaxc.exe
Detection Name: W32.388641F7CB-100.SBX.VIOC

SHA 256: 2A87C95925B96B84A6A305C6DD009E9A85F1335130E5378BC53AE2F1BC3BDBE7
MD5: c387a73359542aab558445aed3d951fb
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/2A87C95925B96B84A6A305C6DD009E9A85F1335130E5378BC53AE2F1BC3BDBE7/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: sysad.exe
Detection Name: W32.2A87C95925-100.SBX.VIOC

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