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Newsletters: @RISK

@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

February 19, 2015
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@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 15, Num. 07

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked.

Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/risk/

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CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2015-02-10 - 2015-02-17
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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: TNetgear WNDR Authentication Bypass / Information Disclosure Vulnerabilities Disclosed

********************* Sponsored By SANS ********************

Join SANS on March 4th at a Critical Security Controls briefing in the DC area. This half-day event provides an update on the Controls effort, will highlight new mappings to other security frameworks, and will provide a unique opportunity to engage in dialog around the Controls.

Learn about key solution capabilities/customer success stories.
https://www.sans.org/vendor/event/critical-controls-security-briefing-washington-dc-mar2015.

This event will also be simulcast live and archived for later viewing.
Register at http://www.sans.org/info/174742

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TRAINING UPDATE

-SANS Scottsdale 2015 | Scottsdale, AZ | February 16-February 21, 2015 |
7 courses. Bonus evening presentations include APT: It is Time to Act, and Privileged Domain Account Protection: How to Limit Credentials Exposure
http://www.sans.org/u/18w

- -10th Annual ICS Security Summit | Orlando, FL | Feb 23 - March 2, 2015 |
At the ICS summit you will learn what is the nature of ICS-focused threats & implications of targeted attacks, what is not working and what are the paths (options) to build your program around. In addition Kim Zetter, Author, Countdown to Zero Day: Stuxnet and the Launch of the World's First Digital Weapon, to keynote. Come prepared to learn about the recent onset of ICS-focused attacks and how you need to hone your skills to defend our critical infrastructure systems. Plus 6 top-rated ICS courses.
http://www.sans.org/event/ics-security-summit-2015

- -DFIR Monterey 2015 | Monterey, CA | Feb 23-28, 2015 |
7 courses. Bonus evening presentations: Network Forensics: The Final Frontier (Until the Next One) and Power-up Your Malware Analysis with Forensics.
http://www.sans.org/event/dfir2015

- --SANS Munich 2015 | Munich, Germany | February 23-March 7, 2015
6 courses.
http://www.sans.org/event/munich-2015

- -SANS Secure Canberra 2015 | Canberra, Australia | March 16 - 28, 2015
5 courses.
http://www.sans.org/event/secure-canberra-2015

- --SANS Northern Virginia 2015 | Reston, VA | March 23-March 7, 2015
12 courses. Bonus evening presentations include Continuous Ownage: Why You Need Continuous Monitoring; and Debunking the Complex password Myth.
http://www.sans.org/event/northern-virginia-2015

-SANS 2015 | Orlando, FL | April 11-April 18, 2015
45 courses. Bonus evening presentations include Understanding the Offense to Build a Better Defense; and The Law of Offensive Countermeasures, Active Defense, or Whatever You Wanna Call It.
http://www.sans.org/u/Wv

Security Operations Center (SOC) Summit | Washington, DC | April 24 -
May 1, 2015 | Join chairmen Dr. Eric Cole and Jim Goddard as well as others who have faced similar challenges in increasing their enterprise's situational awareness and monitoring as well as responding to threats. 4 courses including the NEW SEC511 Continuous Monitoring and Security Operations course http://www.sans.org/u/1ps

- - -SANS Security West 2015 | San Diego, CA | May 3-May 12, 2015
29 courses. Bonus evening presentations include Emerging Trends in DFIR: Lightning Talks; and Enterprise PowerShell for Remote Security Assessment.
http://www.sans.org/u/1pd

- - --Can't travel? SANS offers LIVE online instruction. Day (www.sans.org/simulcast) and Evening (www.sans.org/vlive) courses available!

- -- Multi-week Live SANS training
http://www.sans.org/mentor/about
Contact mentor@sans.org

- -- Looking for training in your own community?
http://www.sans.org/community/

- --Save on On-Demand training (30 full courses) - See samples at
http://www.sans.org/ondemand/specials

Plus Oslo, London, and Bahrain all in the next 90 days.

For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live: www.sans.org

For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live:
http://www.sans.org/u/XN

********************** Sponsored Links: ********************

1) Financial Services Cybersecurity Trends And Challenges Briefing. Friday, March 6 in NYC. A unique opportunity to engage in dialogue around cybersecurity issues specific to the Finance Industry.
http://www.sans.org/info/174832

2) Securing the Mobile Workforce -- Take Survey & Enter to Win a $400 Amazon Gift Card! Open until Mar. 18.
http://www.sans.org/info/174837

3) The survey results are in! Big Data: Identifying Major Threats and Removing Security and Compliance Barriers -- Webcast on Tuesday,
February 24 at 1:00 PM EDT. Register: http://www.sans.org/info/174842

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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

Title: Kaspersky Reveals Threat Actor Group "Equation"
Description: Kaspersky has uncovered and revealed a threat actor group dubbed "Equation". The threat actor group appears to have been in operation as early as 1996 and is known to have used zero-day exploits.
Reference:
https://securelist.com/blog/research/68750/equation-the-death-star-of-malware-galaxy/
Snort SID: 33543-33546
ClamAV: Detection pending

Title: Netgear WNDR Authentication Bypass / Information Disclosure Vulnerabilities Disclosed
Description: A vulnerability has been discovered and disclosed within several Netgear products where an attacker could bypass authentication and retrieve sensitive information. Note that in order to be vulnerable, Remote/WAN Management must be enabled on your device.
Reference: http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Feb/56
Snort SID: Detection Pending

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INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

Duplicate SSH Keys Everywhere
https://blog.shodan.io/duplicate-ssh-keys-everywhere/

Windows Internals - Thread resumption and synchronization objects
http://rce4fun.blogspot.com/2015/02/windows-internals-thread-resumption-and.html

Decrypting TLS Browser Traffic With Wireshark - The Easy Way
https://jimshaver.net/2015/02/11/decrypting-tls-browser-traffic-with-wireshark-the-easy-way/

Microsfot Working With VirusTotal to Reduce False Positives
http://blogs.technet.com/b/mmpc/archive/2015/02/11/microsoft-steps-up-in-industry-efforts-on-mitigating-false-positives.aspx

Google's Project Zero Updates Their 90-day Disclosure Policy
http://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/2015/02/feedback-and-data-driven-updates-to.html

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RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM.

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: CVE-2014-7288
Title: Symantec Encryption Management Server - Remote Command Injection
Vendor: Symantec
Description: Symantec PGP Universal Server and Encryption Management Server before 3.3.2 MP7 allow remote authenticated administrators to execute arbitrary shell commands via a crafted command line in a database-backup restore action.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-0310
Title: Adobe Flash Player Memory Address Randomization Design Error Security Bypass Vulnerability
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Adobe Flash Player before 13.0.0.262 and 14.x through 16.x before 16.0.0.287 on Windows and OS X and before 11.2.202.438 on Linux does not properly restrict discovery of memory addresses, which allows attackers to bypass the ASLR protection mechanism on Windows, and have an unspecified impact on other platforms, via unknown vectors, as exploited in the wild in January 2015.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-10021
Title: WordPress WP Symposium 14.11 Shell Upload
Vendor: WP Symposium
Description: Unrestricted file upload vulnerability in UploadHandler.php in the WP Symposium plugin 14.11 for WordPress allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code by uploading a file with an executable extension, then accessing it via a direct request to the file in server/php/.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.5 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P)

ID: CVE-2014-4114
Title: Microsoft Windows OLE - Remote Code Execution "Sandworm" Exploit (MS14-060)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2, and Windows RT Gold and 8.1 allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted OLE object in an Office document, as exploited in the wild with a "Sandworm" attack in June through October 2014, aka "Windows OLE Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-7169
Title: Multiple Vendor Bash Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Multiple Vendors
Description: GNU Bash through 4.3 bash43-025 processes trailing strings after certain malformed function definitions in the values of environment variables, which allows remote attackers to write to files or possibly have unknown other impact via a crafted environment, as demonstrated by vectors involving the ForceCommand feature in OpenSSH sshd, the mod_cgi and mod_cgid modules in the Apache HTTP Server, scripts executed by unspecified DHCP clients, and other situations in which setting the environment occurs across a privilege boundary from Bash execution. NOTE: this vulnerability exists because of an incomplete fix for CVE-2014-6271.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-6271
Title: Multiple Vendor Bash Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Multiple Vendors
Description: GNU Bash through 4.3 processes trailing strings after function definitions in the values of environment variables, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted environment, as demonstrated by vectors involving the ForceCommand feature in OpenSSH sshd, the mod_cgi and mod_cgid modules in the Apache HTTP Server, scripts executed by unspecified DHCP clients, and other situations in which setting the environment occurs across a privilege boundary from Bash execution, aka "ShellShock." NOTE: the original fix for this issue was incorrect; CVE-2014-7169 has been assigned to cover the vulnerability that is still present after the incorrect fix.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-0160
Title: OpenSSL TLS Heartbeat Extension Buffer Oveflow Information Disclosure Vulnerability (Heartbleed)
Vendor: OpenSSL Project
Description: The (1) TLS and (2) DTLS implementations in OpenSSL 1.0.1 before 1.0.1g do not properly handle Heartbeart Extension packets, which allows remote attackers to obtain sensitive information from process memory via crafted packets that trigger a buffer over-read, as demonstrated by reading private keys, related to d1_both.c and t1_lib.c.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 5.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N)

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MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2015-02-10 - 2015-02-17:
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: 55F173FB7CE33654D379663215DE48BD2F13CA4A607CBE4D90962DE33A4972E6
MD5: 1caf9472c70fb3567b85e1977a393720
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/55F173FB7CE33654D379663215DE48BD2F13CA4A607CBE4D90962DE33A4972E6/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: Runner.exe
Claimed Product: Search Protect
Detection Name: W32.SearchProtect.17nv.dk

SHA 256: 2A87C95925B96B84A6A305C6DD009E9A85F1335130E5378BC53AE2F1BC3BDBE7
MD5: c387a73359542aab558445aed3d951fb
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/2A87C95925B96B84A6A305C6DD009E9A85F1335130E5378BC53AE2F1BC3BDBE7/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: sysad.exe
Detection Name: W32.2A87C95925-100.SBX.VIOC

SHA 256: 7EC7F0B13E3E6F7CE9493C9A3EC69749020ED297EB09B300AE9BCADFC95690B6
MD5: e0b386e7d36bc2459174eb251b9f7c2f
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/7EC7F0B13E3E6F7CE9493C9A3EC69749020ED297EB09B300AE9BCADFC95690B6/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: avaxvyyvyf.exe
Detection Name: W32.7EC7F0B13E-65.SBX.VIOC

SHA 256: 7D2DEB4EAF0D05E2B4111943506F7F4CE01A50ED68B66DF683253126F8E25A2B
MD5: f2d5d7bdcc7c0575e3d6d9e623392141
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/7D2DEB4EAF0D05E2B4111943506F7F4CE01A50ED68B66DF683253126F8E25A2B/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: cltmngsvc.exe
Claimed Product: Search Protect
Detection Name: W32.7D2DEB4EAF-100.SBX.VIOC

SHA 256: A71C8937F3B3A78E55FAD86D8B241772FCB6450B91DE0944D063AB751545780B
MD5: 4e4807b6aacb43ec2609fb228b8f9cb9
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/A71C8937F3B3A78E55FAD86D8B241772FCB6450B91DE0944D063AB751545780B/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: sptool.dll
Claimed Product: Search Protect
Detection Name: W32.A71C8937F3-100.SBX.VIOC

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