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Newsletters: @RISK


@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

February 12, 2015
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@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 15, Num. 06

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked.

Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/risk/

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CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2015-02-03 - 2015-02-10
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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Microsoft Patch Tuesday for February 2015: 56 vulnerabilities fixed

****************** Sponsored By LogRhythm ******************

Join SANS on March 4th at a Critical Security Controls briefing in the DC area. This half-day event provides an update on the Controls effort, will highlight new mappings to other security frameworks, and will provide a unique opportunity to engage in dialog around the Controls. Learn about key solution capabilities/customer success stories. http://www.sans.org/info/174757. This event will also be simulcast live and archived for later viewing. Register at

http://www.sans.org/info/174742

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TRAINING UPDATE

-SANS Scottsdale 2015 | Scottsdale, AZ | February 16-February 21, 2015 |
7 courses. Bonus evening presentations include APT: It is Time to Act, and Privileged Domain Account Protection: How to Limit Credentials Exposure
http://www.sans.org/u/18w

- -10th Annual ICS Security Summit | Orlando, FL | Feb 23 - March 2, 2015 |
At the ICS summit you will learn what is the nature of ICS-focused threats & implications of targeted attacks, what is not working and what are the paths (options) to build your program around. In addition Kim Zetter, Author, Countdown to Zero Day: Stuxnet and the Launch of the World's First Digital Weapon, to keynote. Come prepared to learn about the recent onset of ICS-focused attacks and how you need to hone your skills to defend our critical infrastructure systems. Plus 6 top-rated ICS courses.
http://www.sans.org/event/ics-security-summit-2015

- -DFIR Monterey 2015 | Monterey, CA | Feb 23-28, 2015 |
7 courses. Bonus evening presentations: Network Forensics: The Final Frontier (Until the Next One) and Power-up Your Malware Analysis with Forensics.
http://www.sans.org/event/dfir2015

- --SANS Munich 2015 | Munich, Germany | February 23-March 7, 2015
6 courses.
http://www.sans.org/event/munich-2015

- -SANS Secure Canberra 2015 | Canberra, Australia | March 16 - 28, 2015
5 courses.
http://www.sans.org/event/secure-canberra-2015

- --SANS Northern Virginia 2015 | Reston, VA | March 23-March 7, 2015
12 courses. Bonus evening presentations include Continuous Ownage: Why You Need Continuous Monitoring; and Debunking the Complex password Myth.
http://www.sans.org/event/northern-virginia-2015

-SANS 2015 | Orlando, FL | April 11-April 18, 2015
45 courses. Bonus evening presentations include Understanding the Offense to Build a Better Defense; and The Law of Offensive Countermeasures, Active Defense, or Whatever You Wanna Call It.
http://www.sans.org/u/Wv

- - --Can't travel? SANS offers LIVE online instruction. Day (www.sans.org/simulcast) and Evening (www.sans.org/vlive) courses available!

- -- Multi-week Live SANS training
http://www.sans.org/mentor/about
Contact mentor@sans.org

- -- Looking for training in your own community?
http://www.sans.org/community/

- --Save on On-Demand training (30 full courses) - See samples at
http://www.sans.org/ondemand/specials

Plus Oslo, London, and Bahrain all in the next 90 days.

For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live: www.sans.org

For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live:
http://www.sans.org/u/XN

********************** Sponsored Links: ********************

1) What Works: Increasing Vulnerability Management Effectiveness While Reducing Cost. Wednesday, February 18 at 1:00 PM EST (18:00:00 UTC) with John Pescatore.
http://www.sans.org/info/174747

2) New Survey: Securing the Mobile Workforce -- Take Survey & Enter to Win a $400 Amazon Gift Card!
http://www.sans.org/info/174492

3) The survey results are in! Big Data: Identifying Major Threats and Removing Security and Compliance Barriers -- Webcast on Tuesday, February 24 at 1:00 PM EDT.
Register: http://www.sans.org/info/174752

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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

Title: Microsoft Patch Tuesday for February 2015: 56 vulnerabilities fixed
Description: Microsoft has released their monthly set of patches. 9 bulletins fixing 56 different CVEs were released. 3 bulletins are rated critical and are targeted at fixing vulnerabilities within Internet Explorer, Windows Kernel Mode Drivers, and Group Policy.
Reference:
https://technet.microsoft.com/library/security/ms15-feb
Snort SID: 33312-33325, 33331-33338, 33340-33341, 33345-33349,
33352-33354, 33356-33361, 33365-33366, 33412-33428

Title: Universal Cross-site Scripting Zero-day Vulnerability Disclosed Affecting IE 10 and 11
Description: A zero-day vulnerability affecting IE 10 and 11 was disclosed and is a universal cross-site scripting vulnerability. This vulnerability was not patched in this month's round of security updates.
Reference:
http://innerht.ml/blog/ie-uxss.html
Snort SID: Detection pending

Title: Zero-day in the Fancybox-for-WordPress Plugin
Description: A zero-day vulnerability exists within the Fancybox-for-Wordpress plugin and is actively being exploited in the wild to compromise sites and redirect users to malware. Administrators are strongly urged to disable the plugin within their WordPress installations to mitigate the risk of compromise.
Reference:
http://blog.sucuri.net/2015/02/zero-day-in-the-fancybox-for-wordpress-plugin.html
Snort SID: Detection pending

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INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

Cryptowall 3.0: Back to the Basics
http://sfi.re/Crypto3

Process Hollowing Detection in Cuckoo Sandbox
http://journeyintoir.blogspot.com/2015/02/process-hollowing-meets-cuckoo-sandbox.html

Exploring the Windows Registry at the Hex Level
http://binaryforay.blogspot.com/2015/02/exploring-registry-at-hex-level.html

Building a Snort 3.0 Codec
http://blog.snort.org/2015/02/building-snort30-codec.html

Exploiting "BadIRET" vulnerability (CVE-2014-9322, Linux kernel privilege escalation)
http://labs.bromium.com/2015/02/02/exploiting-badiret-vulnerability-cve-2014-9322-linux-kernel-privilege-escalation/

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RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM.

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: CVE-2014-7288
Title: Symantec Encryption Management Server - Remote Command Injection
Vendor: Symantec
Description: Symantec PGP Universal Server and Encryption Management Server before 3.3.2 MP7 allow remote authenticated administrators to execute arbitrary shell commands via a crafted command line in a database-backup restore action.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-0310
Title: Adobe Flash Player Memory Address Randomization Design Error Security Bypass Vulnerability
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Adobe Flash Player before 13.0.0.262 and 14.x through 16.x before 16.0.0.287 on Windows and OS X and before 11.2.202.438 on Linux does not properly restrict discovery of memory addresses, which allows attackers to bypass the ASLR protection mechanism on Windows, and have an unspecified impact on other platforms, via unknown vectors, as exploited in the wild in January 2015.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-10021
Title: WordPress WP Symposium 14.11 Shell Upload
Vendor: WP Symposium
Description: Unrestricted file upload vulnerability in UploadHandler.php in the WP Symposium plugin 14.11 for WordPress allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code by uploading a file with an executable extension, then accessing it via a direct request to the file in server/php/.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.5 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P)

ID: CVE-2014-4114
Title: Microsoft Windows OLE - Remote Code Execution "Sandworm" Exploit (MS14-060)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2, and Windows RT Gold and 8.1 allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted OLE object in an Office document, as exploited in the wild with a "Sandworm" attack in June through October 2014, aka "Windows OLE Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-7169
Title: Multiple Vendor Bash Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Multiple Vendors
Description: GNU Bash through 4.3 bash43-025 processes trailing strings after certain malformed function definitions in the values of environment variables, which allows remote attackers to write to files or possibly have unknown other impact via a crafted environment, as demonstrated by vectors involving the ForceCommand feature in OpenSSH sshd, the mod_cgi and mod_cgid modules in the Apache HTTP Server, scripts executed by unspecified DHCP clients, and other situations in which setting the environment occurs across a privilege boundary from Bash execution. NOTE: this vulnerability exists because of an incomplete fix for CVE-2014-6271.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-6271
Title: Multiple Vendor Bash Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Multiple Vendors
Description: GNU Bash through 4.3 processes trailing strings after function definitions in the values of environment variables, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted environment, as demonstrated by vectors involving the ForceCommand feature in OpenSSH sshd, the mod_cgi and mod_cgid modules in the Apache HTTP Server, scripts executed by unspecified DHCP clients, and other situations in which setting the environment occurs across a privilege boundary from Bash execution, aka "ShellShock." NOTE: the original fix for this issue was incorrect; CVE-2014-7169 has been assigned to cover the vulnerability that is still present after the incorrect fix.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-0160
Title: OpenSSL TLS Heartbeat Extension Buffer Oveflow Information Disclosure Vulnerability (Heartbleed)
Vendor: OpenSSL Project
Description: The (1) TLS and (2) DTLS implementations in OpenSSL 1.0.1 before 1.0.1g do not properly handle Heartbeart Extension packets, which allows remote attackers to obtain sensitive information from process memory via crafted packets that trigger a buffer over-read, as demonstrated by reading private keys, related to d1_both.c and t1_lib.c.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 5.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N)

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MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2015-02-03 - 2015-02-10:
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: 55F173FB7CE33654D379663215DE48BD2F13CA4A607CBE4D90962DE33A4972E6
MD5: 1caf9472c70fb3567b85e1977a393720
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/55F173FB7CE33654D379663215DE48BD2F13CA4A607CBE4D90962DE33A4972E6/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: Runner.exe
Claimed Product: Search Protect
Detection Name: W32.SearchProtect.17nv.dk

SHA 256: 03E9F79FA3A16AD3348EA16B3BC29978D43590C937A2E2D5DBD238C02D54C6B9
MD5: ce4968337a8eb65484fb5921fe676715
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/en/file/03E9F79FA3A16AD3348EA16B3BC29978D43590C937A2E2D5DBD238C02D54C6B9/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: account_report0209.zip
Detection Name: W32.03E9F79FA3-100.SBX.VIOC

SHA 256: 2A87C95925B96B84A6A305C6DD009E9A85F1335130E5378BC53AE2F1BC3BDBE7
MD5: c387a73359542aab558445aed3d951fb
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/2A87C95925B96B84A6A305C6DD009E9A85F1335130E5378BC53AE2F1BC3BDBE7/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: sysad.exe
Detection Name: W32.2A87C95925-100.SBX.VIOC

SHA 256: 1D94C27748E7D0DC5FFD03AE99ACD9C30AAA8A6E91A66BEAB420650F9D6E4977
MD5: eb843f08b06cc5bb0e8bbe9f8aaa0ba6
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/1D94C27748E7D0DC5FFD03AE99ACD9C30AAA8A6E91A66BEAB420650F9D6E4977/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: 3uhYJZ81y66VEXc.exe
Detection Name: W32.Variant:Gen.17nv.1201

SHA 256: DF83A0D6940600E4C4954F4874FCD4DD73E781E6690C3BF56F51C95285484A3C
MD5: 25aa9bb549ecc7bb6100f8d179452508
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/DF83A0D6940600E4C4954F4874FCD4DD73E781E6690C3BF56F51C95285484A3C/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: winyshlyf.exe
Detection Name: W32.Sality:StubOfSalityTrj.17co.1201

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