Newsletters: @RISK

@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

June 4, 2015
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@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 15, Num. 22

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked.

Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/risk/

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CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2015-05-26 - 2015-06-02
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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Firmware Bug in Apple Mac Products Could Allow Installation of Low-Level Malware

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TRAINING UPDATE

- --ICS Security Training Houston | Houston, TX | June 1-5, 2015
5 courses.
http://www.sans.org/u/3gM

- - --SANSFIRE 2015 | Baltimore, MD | June 13-20, 2015 |
41 courses plus 18 bonus evening sessions lead by Internet Storm Center (ISC) handlers, including The State of the Takedown: Disrupting Online Cybercrime; Continuous Monitoring and Real-World Analysis; Unconventional Linux Incident Response; and "Network Security as Counterinsurgency" Replacing the Art of War with FM 3-24.
http://www.sans.org/u/3hq

- - --SANS Rocky Mountain 2015 | Denver, CO | June 22-27, 2015 |
http://www.sans.org/event/rocky-mountain-2015
NewsBites: http://www.sans.org/u/3h1
@Risk: http://www.sans.org/u/3h6

- --SANS Pen Test Berlin 2015 | Berlin, Germany | June 22-27, 2015 |
6 courses.
http://www.sans.org/u/3gR

- --Cyber Defense Canberra 2015 | Canberra, Australia | June 29-July 11, 2015 |
8 courses.
http://www.sans.org/u/3hb

- - --Can't travel? SANS offers LIVE online instruction. Day and Evening courses available!

- -- Multi-week Live SANS training
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Contact mentor@sans.org

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- --Save on On-Demand training (30 full courses) - See samples at
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Plus Dublin, Minneapolis, Delhi, and Milan all in the next 90 days.

For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live: http://www.sans.org/u/XD

For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live:
http://www.sans.org/u/XN

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Title: Vulnerability in Mac Firmware Could Allow Installation of Low-Level Malware
Description: Researchers have disclosed a vulnerability within the Mac firmware found on certain Apple products that could allow malware to overwrite parts of the BIOS and install a low-level rootkit. This vulnerability only impacts Macs purchased before mid-2014 and requires the Mac to have gone to sleep and woken up. Apple has not released any updated firmware addressing this vulnerability in affected Macs.
Reference:
https://reverse.put.as/2015/05/29/the-empire-strikes-back-apple-how-your-mac-firmware-security-is-completely-broken/

Title: Multiple Vulnerabilities Within Several D-Link Products Disclosed
Description: A large number of vulnerabilities within several D-Link products have been disclosed by researchers at Search-Lab. The vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to perform authentication bypass, command injection, and arbitrary file upload attacks on affected devices. D-Link devices that are known to contain the vulnerabilities are D-Link DNS-320, 320L, 326, 327L, 320B, 345, 325, and 322L. D-Link has acknowledged the vulnerabilities and have released software updates to address the issues.
Reference:
http://www.search-lab.hu/media/D-Link_Security_advisory_3_0_public.pdf
Snort SID: Detection pending

Title: CVE-2015-1835 - Trend Micro Discloses Apache Cordova Vulnerability that Allows One-Click Modification of Android Apps
Description: Trend Micro has disclosed that Apache Cordova contains a vulnerability (CVE-2015-1835) that could allow "attackers to modify the behavior of [Android] apps just by clicking a URL." The extent of this vulnerability could allow modifications to apps that can cause a nuisance for app users or crash the app entirely. Cordova versions 4.0.1 and prior are affected. Apache has released an update to address the issue and Android app developers are urged to update their Cordova framework within their apps, rebuild, and re-release updated apps.
Reference:
http://blog.trendmicro.com/trendlabs-security-intelligence/trend-micro-discovers-apache-vulnerability-that-allows-one-click-modification-of-android-apps/
Snort SID: Detection pending

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INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

Google Locks Down Excessive Android App Permissions
https://threatpost.com/google-locks-down-excessive-android-app-permissions/113051

Facebook to Allow People To Add Their OpenPGP Keys to Their Facebook Profiles https://www.facebook.com/notes/protecting-the-graph/securing-email-communications-from-facebook/1611941762379302

Enter Sandbox part 1: All APIs are equal, but some APIs are more equal than others
http://www.hexacorn.com/blog/2015/05/29/enter-sandbox-part-1-all-api-are-equal-but-some-apis-are-more-equal-than-others/

Changes in Oracle Database 12c password hashes
https://www.trustwave.com/Resources/SpiderLabs-Blog/Changes-in-Oracle-Database-12c-password-hashes/

Hola VPN Sells Users' Bandwidth, Founder Confirms
http://torrentfreak.com/hola-vpn-sells-users-bandwidth-150528/

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RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM.

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: CVE-2014-8361
Title: Realtek SDK Miniigd UPnP SOAP Command Execution
Vendor: Realtek
Description: The miniigd SOAP service in Realtek SDK allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted NewInternalClient request.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-3306
Title: ProFTPd 1.3.5 Remote Command Execution
Vendor: proftpd.org
Description: The mod_copy module in ProFTPD 1.3.5 allows remote attackers to read and write to arbitrary files via the site cpfr and site cpto commands.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-1701
Title: Microsoft Windows Privilege Escalation Vulnerability
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Unspecified vulnerability in Microsoft Windows before 8 allows local users to gain privileges via unknown vectors, as exploited in the wild in April 2015.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.2 (AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-3043
Title: Adobe Flash Player Memory Corruption Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Adobe Flash Player before 13.0.0.281 and 14.x through 17.x before 17.0.0.169 on Windows and OS X and before 11.2.202.457 on Linux allows attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (memory corruption) via unspecified vectors, as exploited in the wild in April 2015, a different vulnerability than CVE-2015-0347, CVE-2015-0350, CVE-2015-0352, CVE-2015-0353, CVE-2015-0354, CVE-2015-0355, CVE-2015-0360, CVE-2015-3038, CVE-2015-3041, and CVE-2015-3042.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-0556
Title: Adobe Flash Player copyPixelsToByteArray Buffer Overflow
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Heap-based buffer overflow in Adobe Flash Player before 13.0.0.244 and 14.x and 15.x before 15.0.0.152 on Windows and OS X and before 11.2.202.406 on Linux, Adobe AIR before 15.0.0.249 on Windows and OS X and before 15.0.0.252 on Android, Adobe AIR SDK before 15.0.0.249, and Adobe AIR SDK & Compiler before 15.0.0.249 allows attackers to execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors, a different vulnerability than CVE-2014-0559.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-0313
Title: Adobe Flash Player Use-After-Free Vulnerability
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Use-after-free vulnerability in Adobe Flash Player before 13.0.0.269 and 14.x through 16.x before 16.0.0.305 on Windows and OS X and before 11.2.202.442 on Linux allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors, as exploited in the wild in February 2015, a different vulnerability than CVE-2015-0315, CVE-2015-0320, and CVE-2015-0322.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-4114
Title: Exim GHOST (glibc gethostbyname) Buffer Overflow
Vendor: Exim.org
Description: Heap-based buffer overflow in the __nss_hostname_digits_dots function in glibc 2.2, and other 2.x versions before 2.18, allows context-dependent attackers to execute arbitrary code via vectors related to the (1) gethostbyname or (2) gethostbyname2 function, aka "GHOST."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

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MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2015-05-26 - 2015-06-02:
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: 55F173FB7CE33654D379663215DE48BD2F13CA4A607CBE4D90962DE33A4972E6
MD5: 1caf9472c70fb3567b85e1977a393720
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/55F173FB7CE33654D379663215DE48BD2F13CA4A607CBE4D90962DE33A4972E6/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: Runner.exe
Claimed Product: Search Protect
Detection Name: W32.SearchProtect:GenMaliciousAIBH.18f2.1201

SHA 256: B4F697039563BF0A6DF19E33A62C601B275FA869E5D80F610E8D74722B839554
MD5: c4dd3d60af182429d1262f5992e2dce1
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/B4F697039563BF0A6DF19E33A62C601B275FA869E5D80F610E8D74722B839554/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: newVrsn.exe
Claimed Product: Keep-My-Search LTD
Detection Name: W32.Variant:Gen.18fe.1201

SHA 256: 4A5B6C380BA8AE187C87A76602FF1740E18C97387F7040BB91CAB7027CFD97E4
MD5: 2cb2763645de6aa0a33a8efaeae0ae79
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/4A5B6C380BA8AE187C87A76602FF1740E18C97387F7040BB91CAB7027CFD97E4/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: setup.exe
Detection Name: W32.Cross.18g4.1201

SHA 256: EE3D776A5DA74C00FAD15A1B50E42C091CEC6A9A89C13428F9277C6007D4007F
MD5: a3730e445244791b37af42763603d87f
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/EE3D776A5DA74C00FAD15A1B50E42C091CEC6A9A89C13428F9277C6007D4007F/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: iKernel.dll
Claimed Product: InstallShield
Detection Name: W32.EE3D776A5D-100.SBX.VIOC

SHA 256: E828C1C0BB192BF0BF5719152F7EEDB8165158B8EEAB27992D631DE33B4ABFCB
MD5: e514726c05de76f8d708ad3a3db7065d
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/E828C1C0BB192BF0BF5719152F7EEDB8165158B8EEAB27992D631DE33B4ABFCB/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: PreferencesManager.exe
Claimed Product: Widgi Toolbar
Detection Name: W32.Auto.e828c1.181867.in01

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