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@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

October 31, 2019

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     @RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

              October 31, 2019 - Vol. 19, Num. 44


Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors,

vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent

attacks worked


Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/at-risk


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CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES

INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE

MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES Oct. 24 - 31

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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: OceanLotus APT part of renewed push in mobile malware space


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TRAINING UPDATE

 

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-- SANS Cyber Defense Initiative(R) 2019 | Washington, DC | December 10-17 | https://www.sans.org/event/cyber-defense-initiative-2019


-- SANS London November 2019 | November 11-16 | https://www.sans.org/event/london-november-2019


-- SANS Atlanta Fall 2019 | November 18-23 | https://www.sans.org/event/atlanta-fall-2019


-- Pen Test HackFest Summit 2019 | Washington, DC | November 18-25 | https://www.sans.org/event/pen-test-hackfest-2019


-- SANS Miami 2020 | January 13-18 | https://www.sans.org/event/miami-2020


-- SANS Threat Hunting & IR Summit & Training | London, UK | January 13-19, 2020 | https://www.sans.org/event/threat-hunting-europe-2020


-- SANS Tokyo January 2020 | January 20-25 | https://www.sans.org/event/tokyo-january-2020


-- Cyber Threat Intelligence Summit & Training | Arlington, VA | January 20-27 | https://www.sans.org/event/cyber-threat-intelligence-summit-2020


-- SANS SANS Secure Singapore 2020 | 16-28 March | https://www.sans.org/event/secure-singapore-2020


-- Can't travel? SANS offers online instruction for maximum flexibility

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-- View the full SANS course catalog and Cyber Security Skills Roadmap

https://www.sans.org/courses

https://www.sans.org/cyber-security-skills-roadmap


********************** Sponsored Links: ********************


1) Webcast November 6th at 3:30 PM ET: Evaluating Network Traffic Analysis Systems - Requirements and Challenges. http://www.sans.org/info/214625


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3) ICYMI Webcast: See how you can build automated security controls into your organization's applications. http://www.sans.org/info/214635


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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES

SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP


Title: Nation-state actors are behind new slew of mobile malware

Description: A new report highlights how nation-state-backed APTs are utilizing the mobile malware space to conduct espionage activities on their own citizens. Security researchers at BlackBerry discovered new campaigns from actors linked to the Chinese, Iranians, Vietnamese and North Koreans. Among these attackers is the infamous OceanLotus group, which has launched a new attack that contains both mobile and desktop components. OceanLotus is deploying malicious apps onto mobile stores that "spy" on the user's device.

Reference: https://threatvector.cylance.com/en_us/home/mobile-malware-and-apt-espionage-prolific-pervasive-and-cross-platform.html

Snort SIDs: 52004, 52005

 

Title: Denial of service in VMWare Fusion

Description: VMware Fusion 11 contains an exploitable denial-of-service vulnerability. VMWare Fusion is an application for Mac operating systems that allows users to run other OSs in a virtual environment, such as Windows and Linux. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by supplying a malformed pixel shader inside of a VMware guest OS. This vulnerability can be triggered from a VMware guest and the VMware host will be affected, leading to a VMware fusion process crash on the host.

Reference: https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2019/10/vuln-spotlight-vmware-fusion-oct-19-dos.html

Snort SIDs: 50502, 50503


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INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY


Researchers from Microsoft say the well-known Russian APT group Fancy Bear may be looking to disrupt the 2020 Summer Olympics by attacking anti-doping agencies.

https://www.pcmag.com/news/371602/microsoft-russian-hackers-might-be-targeting-2020-olympics


Google Home and Nest users are being urged to update their devices as soon as possible to patch a vulnerability that allowed some third-party apps to eavesdrop on voice recordings.

https://www.cnet.com/how-to/update-your-google-home-security-settings-to-protect-against-eavesdroppers/


China recently adopted a new set of policies it says boosts its domestic cyber security, but skeptics say its actually just an attempt to collect more data on its citizens.

https://www.csoonline.com/article/3448578/chinas-mlps-20-data-grab-or-legitimate-attempt-to-improve-domestic-cybersecurity.html


A North Korean hacking group was reportedly able to obtain domain controller-level access to a crucial nuclear power plant in India; it appears the goal of the campaign was to steal information, not cause any damage to the plant.

https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2019/10/indian-nuke-plants-network-reportedly-hit-by-malware-tied-to-n-korea/


The U.S. Federal Communications Commission is considering new rules that would require telecommunications companies to remove all Huawei and ZTE components from its equipment.

https://techcrunch.com/2019/10/28/fcc-rules-huawei-zte/


The country of Georgia was hit with a massive cyber attack Tuesday, taking down more than 2,000 websites and disrupting the national TV station.

https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-50207192


A new device disguised as a phone charger takes over users' phones and interacts with pages on Google, Amazon, and other websites in an attempt to degrade the reliability of information collected by data brokers.

https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/mbm4da/this-charger-takes-over-your-phone-to-poison-the-ad-data-amazon-wants


New malware discovered on Android phones cannot be removed, even after a factory reset of the device, as it continues to reinstall itself.

https://www.zdnet.com/article/new-unremovable-xhelper-malware-has-infected-45000-android-devices/


=========================================================


RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE

COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM


This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are

available. System administrators can use this list to help in

prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability

Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit

frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet

activity.


ID:        CVE-2019-11043

Title:    PHP 7 Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Vendor:    Multi-Vendor

Description: The vulnerability resides in the "env_path_info" underflow in PHP-FPM . It contains pointer arithmetics that assumes that env_path_info has a prefix equal to the path to the php script. However, the code does not check this assumption is satisfied. The absence of the check can lead to an invalid pointer in the "path_info" variable. The vulnerability allows an attacker to run arbitrary commands on a vulnerable server by a specially crafted URL.  

CVSS v2 Base Score:    9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:        CVE-2019-16662

Title:    rConfig Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Vendor:    Multi-Vendor

Description: An issue was discovered in rConfig where an attacker can directly execute system commands by sending a GET request to ajaxServerSettingsChk.php because the rootUname parameter is passed to the exec function without filtering, which can lead to command execution

CVSS v2 Base Score:    10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:        CVE-2019-7609

Title:    Kibana Timelion Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Vendor:    Elastic

Description: Kibana Timelion visualizer is exposed to an arbitrary code execution vulnerability. An attacker with access to the Timelion application could send a request that will attempt to execute javascript code. This could possibly lead to an attacker executing arbitrary commands with permissions of the Kibana process on the host system.

CVSS v2 Base Score:    10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:        CVE-2019-14287

Title:    SUDO Security Policy Bypass Vulnerability

Vendor:    Multi-Vendor

Description: When sudo is configured to allow a user to run commands as an arbitrary user via the ALL keyword in a Runas specification, it is possible to run commands as root by specifying the user ID -1 or 4294967295.  This can be used by a user with sufficient sudo privileges to run commands as root even if the Runas specification explicitly disallows root access, as long as the ALL keyword is listed first in the Runas specification. For example, this allows bypass of !root configuration, and USER= logging, for a "sudo -u #$((0xffffffff))" command. An attacker with access to a Runas ALL sudoer account can bypass certain policy blacklists and session PAM modules, and can cause incorrect logging, by invoking sudo with a crafted user ID.

CVSS v2 Base Score:    9.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:        CVE-2019-1306

Title:    Azure DevOps and Team Foundation Server Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Vendor:    Microsoft

Description:  Remote code execution vulnerability exists when Azure DevOps Server (ADO) and Team Foundation Server (TFS) fail to validate input properly. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could execute code on the server in the context of the TFS or ADO service account. To exploit the vulnerability, an attacker would need to upload a specially crafted file to a vulnerable ADO or TFS server repo and wait for the system to index the file.

CVSS v2 Base Score:    7.5 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P)


ID:        CVE-2019-8460

Title:    OpenBSD TCP SACK Denial of Service Vulnerability

Vendor:    OpenBSD

Description: OpenBSD kernel can be forced to create long chains of TCP SACK holes that cause very expensive calls to tcp_sack_option() for every incoming SACK packet which can lead to a denial of service vulnerability. The SACK holes sorted list is bounded in the TCP established state of the connection by (1) the size of the pool (up to 32K entries), and (2) by the TCP retransmit timer (whose interval could be up to 64 seconds). This means that an attacker could manipulate the connection's window scaling and RTT, forcing the victim to send a large amount of not-ACKed data and increase its retransmission timeout. This in turn enables the attacker to send a large number of SACKs. As the sorted list of SACK holes becomes larger, inserting additional elements becomes more expensive, resulting in higher and higher CPU consumption that may eventually lead to a denial of service vulnerability.

CVSS v2 Base Score:    5.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:N/A:P)


ID:        CVE-2019-10149

Title:    Exim Remote Command Execution Vulnerability

Vendor:    Exim

Description: Exim is exposed to remote command execution vulnerability. Successfully exploiting this issue may allow an attacker to execute arbitrary commands as root. Improper validation of recipient address in deliver message() function in /src/deliver.c may lead to remote command execution.

CVSS v2 Base Score:    7.5 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P)


ID:        CVE-2019-16920

Title:    D-Link Unauthenticated Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Vendor:    D-Link

Description: Unauthenticated remote code execution occurs in D-Link products. The issue occurs when the attacker sends an arbitrary input to a "PingTest" device common gateway interface that could lead to common injection. An attacker who successfully triggers the command injection could achieve full system compromise.

CVSS v2 Base Score:    10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


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MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES Oct. 24 - 31:

COMPILED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP


SHA 256: 7acf71afa895df5358b0ede2d71128634bfbbc0e2d9deccff5c5eaa25e6f5510

MD5: 4a50780ddb3db16ebab57b0ca42da0fb

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/7acf71afa895df5358b0ede2d71128634bfbbc0e2d9deccff5c5eaa25e6f5510/details

Typical Filename: xme64-2141.exe

Claimed Product: N/A

Detection Name: W32.7ACF71AFA8-95.SBX.TG


SHA 256: 3f6e3d8741da950451668c8333a4958330e96245be1d592fcaa485f4ee4eadb3

MD5: 47b97de62ae8b2b927542aa5d7f3c858

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/3f6e3d8741da950451668c8333a4958330e96245be1d592fcaa485f4ee4eadb3/details

Typical Filename: qmreportupload

Claimed Product: qmreportupload

Detection Name: Win.Trojan.Generic::in10.talos


SHA 256: 46b241e3d33811f7364294ea99170b35462b4b5b85f71ac69d75daa487f7cf08

MD5: db69eaaea4d49703f161c81e6fdd036f

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/46b241e3d33811f7364294ea99170b35462b4b5b85f71ac69d75daa487f7cf08/details

Typical Filename: xme32-2141-gcc.exe

Claimed Product: N/A

Detection Name: W32.46B241E3D3-95.SBX.TG


SHA 256: 85b936960fbe5100c170b777e1647ce9f0f01e3ab9742dfc23f37cb0825b30b5

MD5: 8c80dd97c37525927c1e549cb59bcbf3

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/85b936960fbe5100c170b777e1647ce9f0f01e3ab9742dfc23f37cb0825b30b5/details

Typical Filename: Eternalblue-2.2.0.exe

Claimed Product: N/A

Detection Name: W32.WNCryLdrA:Trojan.22k2.1201


SHA 256: 6b01db091507022acfd121cc5d1f6ff0db8103f46a1940a6779dc36cca090854

MD5: 74f4e22e5be90d152521125eaf4da635

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/6b01db091507022acfd121cc5d1f6ff0db8103f46a1940a6779dc36cca090854/details

Typical Filename: jsonMerge.exe

Claimed Product: ITSPlatform

Detection Name: W32.GenericKD:Attribute.22lk.1201


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