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@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

January 10, 2019

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     @RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

            January 10, 2019 - Vol. 19, Num. 02


Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors,

vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent

attacks worked


Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/at-risk


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CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES

INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE

MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES Jan. 3 - 8

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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Microsoft discloses 49 vulnerabilities as part of Patch Tuesday


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TRAINING UPDATE


-- SANS Security East 2019 | New Orleans, LA | February 2-9 | https://www.sans.org/event/security-east-2019


-- Cyber Threat Intelligence Summit & Training | Arlington, VA | January 21-28 | https://www.sans.org/event/cyber-threat-intelligence-summit-2019


-- SANS London February 2019 | February 11-16 | https://www.sans.org/event/london-february-2019


-- SANS Anaheim 2019 | February 11-16 | https://www.sans.org/event/anaheim-2019


-- SANS Secure Japan 2019 | Tokyo, Japan | February 18-March 2 | https://www.sans.org/event/secure-japan-2019


-- Open-Source Intelligence Summit & Training | Alexandria, VA | February 25-March 3 | https://www.sans.org/event/osint-summit-2019


-- SANS London March 2019 | March 11-16 | https://www.sans.org/event/london-march-2019


-- SANS Secure Singapore 2019 | March 11-23 | https://www.sans.org/event/secure-singapore-2019


-- SANS 2019 | Orlando, FL | April 1-8 | https://www.sans.org/event/sans-2019


-- SANS OnDemand and vLive Training

Get an iPad, ASUS Chromebook, or Take $250 Off with OnDemand or vLive. Offer Ends January 23.

https://www.sans.org/online-security-training/specials/


-- Can't travel? SANS offers online instruction for maximum flexibility

-- Live Daytime training with Simulcast  https://www.sans.org/simulcast

-- Evening training 2x per week for 6 weeks with vLive | https://www.sans.org/vlive

-- Anywhere, Anytime access for 4 months with OnDemand format | https://www.sans.org/ondemand/


-- Single Course Training

SANS Mentor |  https://www.sans.org/mentor/about

Community SANS | https://www.sans.org/community/


-- View the full SANScourse catalogand Cyber Security Skills Roadmap

https://www.sans.org/courses

https://www.sans.org/cyber-security-skills-roadmap


********************** Sponsored Links: ********************


1) SANS Instructor, Matt Bromiley talks on "Enterprise Security with a Fluid Perimeter" Sponsored by Aruba. Register: http://www.sans.org/info/209705


2) 12 cloud security and compliance exercises that are critical for keeping your organizations data and systems secure in Amazon Web Services (AWS). Learn More: http://www.sans.org/info/209710


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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES

SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP


Title: Microsoft patches dozens of bugs in monthly security update

Description: Microsoft released its monthly security update today, disclosing a variety of vulnerabilities in several of its products. The latest Patch Tuesday covers 49 vulnerabilities, seven of which are rated critical, 40 that are considered important and one that is moderate. This release also includes a critical security advisory for multiple bugs in Adobe Flash Player. This months security update covers security issues in a variety of Microsofts products, including the Jet Database Engine, Office SharePoint and the Chakra Scripting Engine.

Reference: https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2019/01/microsoft-patch-tuesday-january-2019.html

Snort SIDs: 48768 - 48770, 48773 - 48780, 48783, 48787 - 48790, 48793 - 48795, 48798, 48807 - 48810, 48876


Title: Multiple Apple IntelHD5000 privilege escalation vulnerabilities

Description: A memory corruption vulnerability exists in the IntelHD5000 kernel extension affects Apple OSX 10.13.4. The Intel GPUs are installed on retina MacBook Pros. A library inserted into the VLC media application can cause an out-of-bounds access inside of the KEXT, leading to a use after free and invalid memory access in the context of the kernel, which an attacker could use to elevate their privileges.

Reference: https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2019/01/vulnerability-spotlight-multiple-apple.html

Snort SIDs: 46858, 46859


============================================================


INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY


Roughly 5 million unencrypted passport numbers were taken in the Marriott Starwood data breach last year, though fewer customers were affected than initially thought.

https://www.apnews.com/2e2f9aad21fc4fdd87b7852e5db2327f


Many Android apps are sending users data to Facebook, even if they dont have an account with the social media site.

https://privacyinternational.org/appdata


The newly sworn-in U.S. House of Representatives introduced a bill that would improve election cybersecurity.

https://www.cyberscoop.com/house-democrat-bill-election-security-measures-2019-hr-1/


Hackers are stealing dormant Twitter accounts to spread pro-Islamic State messages.

https://techcrunch.com/2019/01/02/hackers-islamic-state-propaganda-twitter/


An attacker accessed Australias emergency alert system to send out phony notifications about severe weather events.

https://nakedsecurity.sophos.com/2019/01/08/hacker-uses-aussie-early-warning-system-for-fake-message-campaign


A year after the Spectre and Meltdown exploits were discovered, a team at Intel is still working to fix problems on the companys chips.

https://www.wired.com/story/intel-meltdown-spectre-storm/


=========================================================


RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE

COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM


This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are

available. System administrators can use this list to help in

prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability

Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit

frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet

activity.


ID:     CVE-2018-8653

Title:     Microsoft Scripting Engine Memory Corruption Vulnerability

Vendor: Microsoft

Description: A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer, aka "Scripting Engine Memory Corruption Vulnerability." This affects Internet Explorer 9, Internet Explorer 11, Internet Explorer 10. This CVE ID is unique from CVE-2018-8643.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:     CVE-2018-15982

Title:     Adobe Flash Player Arbitrary Code Execution Vulnerability

Vendor: Adobe

Description: A critical vulnerability exists in Adobe Flash Player 31.0.0.153 and earlier versions. Successful exploitation could potentially allow an attacker to take control of the affected system. Adobe is aware of reports that an exploit for CVE-2018-15982 exists in the wild.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:     CVE-2018-10933  

Title:     libssh Authentication Bypass Vulnerability

Vendor: libssh

Description: A vulnerability was found in libssh's server-side state machine before versions 0.7.6 and 0.8.4. A malicious client could create channels without first performing authentication, resulting in unauthorized access.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 6.4 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:N)


ID:     CVE-2018-11776  

Title:     Apache Struts 2 Namespace Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (S2-057)

Vendor: Apache Software Foundation

Description: Apache Struts versions 2.3 to 2.3.34 and 2.5 to 2.5.16 suffer from possible Remote Code Execution when using results with no namespace and in same time, its upper action(s) have no or wildcard namespace. Same possibility when using url tag which doesn't have value and action set and in same time, its upper action(s) have no or wildcard namespace.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:     CVE-2018-2628

Title:     Oracle Weblogic Deserialization Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Vendor: Oracle

Description: Vulnerability in the Oracle WebLogic Server component of Oracle Fusion Middleware (subcomponent: WLS Core Components). Supported versions that are affected are 10.3.6.0, 12.1.3.0, 12.2.1.2 and 12.2.1.3. Easily exploitable vulnerability allows unauthenticated attacker with network access via T3 to compromise Oracle WebLogic Server. Successful attacks of this vulnerability can result in takeover of Oracle WebLogic Server.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.5 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P)


ID:     CVE-2018-8174

Title:     Windows VBScript Engine Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Vendor: Microsoft

Description: The VBScript engine contains a remote code execution vulnerability due to how it handles objects in memory. An attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.6 (AV:N/AC:H/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:     CVE-2018-7600

Title:     Drupal Core Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (SA-CORE-2018-002)

Vendor: Drupal

Description: Drupal before 7.58, 8.x before 8.3.9, 8.4.x before 8.4.6, and 8.5.x before 8.5.1 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code because of an issue affecting multiple subsystems with default or common module configurations.

CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


ID:     CVE-2018-0886

Title:     Microsoft Credential Security Support Provider Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Vendor: Microsoft

Description: The Credential Security Support Provider protocol (CredSSP) in Microsoft Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8.1 and RT 8.1, Windows Server 2012 and R2, Windows 10 Gold, 1511, 1607, 1703, and 1709 Windows Server 2016 and Windows Server, version 1709 allows a remote code execution vulnerability due to how CredSSP validates request during the authentication process, aka "CredSSP Remote Code Execution Vulnerability".

CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.6 (AV:N/AC:H/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


=========================================================


MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES Jan. 3 - 8:

COMPILED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP


SHA 256: 6d36f92ee3f1a7be56e00118cebf62fc4f3f127e307f5a4e7f008793ca549671

MD5: b23f736c46d9fa238b02c9eb0cea37cf

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/#/file/6d36f92ee3f1a7be56e00118cebf62fc4f3f127e307f5a4e7f008793ca549671/details

Typical Filename: CONFIGURETGN.EXE

Claimed Product: N/A

Detection Name: W32.Auto:6d36f9.in03.Talos


SHA 256: 709a7dd743ca6a688ee0afc9a67a04c73c4f6fb6559cde2bafadbb5af58f043b

MD5: 59a06d7e48fd3d80fa2dc1cb859b45cc

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/#/file/709a7dd743ca6a688ee0afc9a67a04c73c4f6fb6559cde2bafadbb5af58f043b/details

Typical Filename: helperamc

Claimed Product: Advanced Mac Cleaner

Detection Name: OSX.709A7DD743.agent.tht.Talos


SHA 256: 15716598f456637a3be3d6c5ac91266142266a9910f6f3f85cfd193ec1d6ed8b

MD5: 799b30f47060ca05d80ece53866e01cc

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/#/file/15716598f456637a3be3d6c5ac91266142266a9910f6f3f85cfd193ec1d6ed8b/details

Typical Filename: 799b30f47060ca05d80ece53866e01cc.vir

Claimed Product: N/A

Detection Name: W32.Generic:Gen.21ij.1201


SHA 256: c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f

MD5: e2ea315d9a83e7577053f52c974f6a5a

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/#/file/c3e530cc005583b47322b6649ddc0dab1b64bcf22b124a492606763c52fb048f/details

Typical Filename: Tempmf582901854.exe

Claimed Product: N/A

Detection Name: W32.AgentWDCR:Gen.21gn.1201


SHA 256: 3f6e3d8741da950451668c8333a4958330e96245be1d592fcaa485f4ee4eadb3

MD5: 47b97de62ae8b2b927542aa5d7f3c858

VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/#/file/3f6e3d8741da950451668c8333a4958330e96245be1d592fcaa485f4ee4eadb3/details

Typical Filename: qmreportupload.exe

Claimed Product: qmreportupload

Detection Name: Win.Trojan.Generic::in10.talos


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