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Newsletters: @RISK


@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

December 24, 2014
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@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 14, Num. 51

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked.

Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/risk/

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CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2014-12-16 - 2014-12-23
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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: NTP Project daemon ntpd releases update addressing multiple vulnerabilities

***** Sponsored By McAfee, a division of Intel Security ****

In case you missed it: Analyst Webcast: Advanced Network Protection with McAfee Next Generation Firewall. SANS had the opportunity to review McAfee NGFW in a test environment, exploring a number of capabilities: clustering and redundancy, numerous varieties of VPN access, policy options and features such as end-user identification and advanced anti-evasion tools.
http://www.sans.org/info/173372

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TRAINING UPDATE

- --SANS Security East 2015 | New Orleans, LA | January 16-21, 2015
11 courses. Bonus evening sessions include Stop Giving the Offense an Unfair Advantage; and Client Access is the Achilles' Heel of the Cloud.
http://www.sans.org/event/security-east-2015

- --Cyber Threat Intelligence Summit | Washington, DC | Feb 2-9, 2015 |
Brian Krebs, renowned Data Breach and Cybersecurity journalist who first reported on the malware that later become known as Stuxnet and also broke the story on the Target and will keynote the CTI Summit. Adversaries leverage more knowledge about your organization than you have, learn how to flip those odds at the CTI Summit combined with 4 intensive DFIR courses.
http://www.sans.org/event/cyber-threat-intelligence-summit-2015

- --10th Annual ICS Security Summit | Orlando, FL | Feb 23 - March 2, 2015 |
At the ICS summit you will learn what is the nature of ICS-focused threats & implications of targeted attacks, what is not working and what are the paths (options) to build your program around. In addition Kim Zetter, Author, Countdown to Zero Day: Stuxnet and the Launch of the World's First Digital Weapon, to keynote. Come prepared to learn about the recent onset of ICS-focused attacks and how you need to hone your skills to defend our critical infrastructure systems. Plus 6 top-rated ICS courses.
http://www.sans.org/event/ics-security-summit-2015

- --SANS Munich 2015 | Munich, Germany | February 23-March 7, 2015
6 courses.
http://www.sans.org/event/munich-2015

- -- Multi-week Live SANS training
http://www.sans.org/mentor/about
Contact mentor@sans.org

- -- Looking for training in your own community?
http://www.sans.org/community/

- --Save on On-Demand training (30 full courses) - See samples at
http://www.sans.org/ondemand/specials

Plus Brussels, Dubai, and Bangalore all in the next 90 days.

For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live: www.sans.org

********************** Sponsored Links: ********************

1) Analyst Webcast: Securing Oracle Databases Made Easy Wednesday, January 21 at 1:00 PM EST (18:00:00 UTC) with Pete Finnigan -
http://www.sans.org/info/173377

2) The Few, The Proud, The Privileged: Controlling the Use of Administrator Passwords to Achieve Critical Security Control #12. Monday, January 26 at 1:00 PM EST (18:00:00 UTC) with G.Mark Hardy, Scott Lang.
http://www.sans.org/info/173382

3) Another chance to win $400 Amazon Card - Take New Survey on Insider Threats.
http://www.sans.org/info/173387

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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

Title: NTP Project daemon ntpd releases update addressing multiple vulnerabilities
Description: The NTP Project released a security advisory, notifying users of several critical vulnerabilities within the ntpd daemon. ntpd version 4.2.7 and earlier are confirmed to be vulnerable.
Reference:
http://support.ntp.org/bin/view/Main/SecurityNotice
Snort SID: 32890

Title: Git and Git-compatible clients on case-insensitive file systems vulnerable to file overwrite
Description: A vulnerability for Git and Git-compatible clients on case-insensitive file systems has been disclosed. This vulnerability (CVE-2014-9390) potentially allows an attacker to overwrite the contents of .git/config on a client machine with a maliciously crafted tree.
Reference:
https://developer.atlassian.com/blog/2014/12/securing-your-git-server/>

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INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

The not so boring land of Borland executables, part 2
http://www.hexacorn.com/blog/2014/12/18/the-not-so-boring-land-of-borland-executables-part-2/

oledump: Extracting Embedded EXE from DOC
http://blog.didierstevens.com/2014/12/23/oledump-extracting-embedded-exe-from-doc/

ICANN Targeted in Spear Phishing Attack; Personal Information Possibly Compromised
https://www.icann.org/news/announcement-2-2014-12-16-en

Cyberattack on German Steel Plant Caused Significant Damage
http://www.securityweek.com/cyberattack-german-steel-plant-causes-significant-damage-report?

Flaw in MacBook EFI allows boot ROM malware
http://www.zdnet.com/article/flaw-in-macbook-efi-allows-boot-rom-malware/

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RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM.

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: CVE-2014-8791
Title: Tuleap PHP Object Injection Vulnerability
Vendor: enalean
Description: project/register.php in Tuleap before 7.7, when sys_create_project_in_one_step is disabled, allows remote authenticated users to conduct PHP object injection attacks and execute arbitrary PHP code via the data parameter.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 6.0 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:S/C:P/I:P/A:P)

ID: CVE-2014-6324
Title: Microsoft Windows Kerberos Checksum Privilege Escalation Vulnerability (MS14-068)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: The Kerberos Key Distribution Center (KDC) in Microsoft Windows Server 2003 SP2, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, and Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2 allows remote authenticated domain users to obtain domain administrator privileges via a forged signature in a ticket, as exploited in the wild in November 2014, aka "Kerberos Checksum Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-4114
Title: Microsoft Windows OLE - Remote Code Execution "Sandworm" Exploit (MS14-060)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2, and Windows RT Gold and 8.1 allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted OLE object in an Office document, as exploited in the wild with a "Sandworm" attack in June through October 2014, aka "Windows OLE Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-7169
Title: Multiple Vendor Bash Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Multiple Vendors
Description: GNU Bash through 4.3 bash43-025 processes trailing strings after certain malformed function definitions in the values of environment variables, which allows remote attackers to write to files or possibly have unknown other impact via a crafted environment, as demonstrated by vectors involving the ForceCommand feature in OpenSSH sshd, the mod_cgi and mod_cgid modules in the Apache HTTP Server, scripts executed by unspecified DHCP clients, and other situations in which setting the environment occurs across a privilege boundary from Bash execution. NOTE: this vulnerability exists because of an incomplete fix for CVE-2014-6271.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-6271
Title: Multiple Vendor Bash Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Multiple Vendors
Description: GNU Bash through 4.3 processes trailing strings after function definitions in the values of environment variables, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted environment, as demonstrated by vectors involving the ForceCommand feature in OpenSSH sshd, the mod_cgi and mod_cgid modules in the Apache HTTP Server, scripts executed by unspecified DHCP clients, and other situations in which setting the environment occurs across a privilege boundary from Bash execution, aka "ShellShock." NOTE: the original fix for this issue was incorrect; CVE-2014-7169 has been assigned to cover the vulnerability that is still present after the incorrect fix.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-0160
Title: OpenSSL TLS Heartbeat Extension Buffer Oveflow Information Disclosure Vulnerability (Heartbleed)
Vendor: OpenSSL Project
Description: The (1) TLS and (2) DTLS implementations in OpenSSL 1.0.1 before 1.0.1g do not properly handle Heartbeart Extension packets, which allows remote attackers to obtain sensitive information from process memory via crafted packets that trigger a buffer over-read, as demonstrated by reading private keys, related to d1_both.c and t1_lib.c.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 5.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N)

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MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2014-12-16 - 2014-12-23:
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: BF8068C476819646F589EA9AEADD3B03EF962D26655A1A43794AA34A1348251B
MD5: 192304424cf9fce2583fde72722979bc
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/BF8068C476819646F589EA9AEADD3B03EF962D26655A1A43794AA34A1348251B/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: DTUpdate2010.exe
Claimed Product: Search Results
Detection Name: W32.BF8068C476-100.SBX.VIOC

SHA 256: 864742378E221B231F6A1045DCD0D62534A25C2F0D11845CEDF0D98F11B2D855
MD5: fbe6491d72c2ed96e3996ffbe9ef6481
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/864742378E221B231F6A1045DCD0D62534A25C2F0D11845CEDF0D98F11B2D855/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: FLVPlayer-IE.exe
Claimed Product: VASSANA KONGSOONGNERN
Detection Name: W32.864742378E-100.SBX.VIOC

SHA 256: 07B9187EB453998C0ECDEEFF6C306AA32A50448E9AD8FABD1CDFE513C778A8E8
MD5: 8af622327e2c6ef36dd2b147ec7d25b7
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/07B9187EB453998C0ECDEEFF6C306AA32A50448E9AD8FABD1CDFE513C778A8E8/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: 9kyKsinBxVFcOK.exe
Detection Name: W32.GenericKD:Gen.17ne.1201

SHA 256: A881BCE079BDF08D74B7EA58074D564A41CCE687E3505ED2BDC1DAD41F290473
MD5: 0b54ba0cb790bafbf28261d2a25a4cc8
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/A881BCE079BDF08D74B7EA58074D564A41CCE687E3505ED2BDC1DAD41F290473/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: wajam_update.exe
Claimed Product: iPhone-Install.com
Detection Name: W32.A881BCE079-72.SBX.VIOC

SHA 256: AF31D5A086F
380144C584F046457A73A8794A764FB1E19E46349F19719DF8842
MD5: 4a3b5374a4b237b9da26378a217d81ec
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/AF31D5A086F380144C584F046457A73A8794A764FB1E19E46349F19719DF8842/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: HoldPage.BrowserAdapter.exe
Claimed Product: middle pages
Detection Name: W32.BrowseFox:C.17nu.1201

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