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Newsletters: @RISK

@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

December 18, 2014
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@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 14, Num. 50

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked.

Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/risk/

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CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2014-12-09 - 2014-12-16
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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Malwarebytes Anti-Malware and Anti-Exploit Vulnerability Allows Arbitrary Code Execution

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http://www.sans.org/info/173272

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TRAINING UPDATE

- --SANS Security East 2015 | New Orleans, LA | January 16-21, 2015
11 courses. Bonus evening sessions include Stop Giving the Offense an Unfair Advantage; and Client Access is the Achilles' Heel of the Cloud.
http://www.sans.org/event/security-east-2015

- --Cyber Threat Intelligence Summit | Washington, DC | Feb 2-9, 2015 |
Brian Krebs, renowned Data Breach and Cybersecurity journalist who first reported on the malware that later become known as Stuxnet and also broke the story on the Target and will keynote the CTI Summit. Adversaries leverage more knowledge about your organization than you have, learn how to flip those odds at the CTI Summit combined with 4 intensive DFIR courses.
http://www.sans.org/event/cyber-threat-intelligence-summit-2015

- --10th Annual ICS Security Summit | Orlando, FL | Feb 23 - March 2, 2015 |
At the ICS summit you will learn what is the nature of ICS-focused threats & implications of targeted attacks, what is not working and what are the paths (options) to build your program around. In addition Kim Zetter, Author, Countdown to Zero Day: Stuxnet and the Launch of the World's First Digital Weapon, to keynote. Come prepared to learn about the recent onset of ICS-focused attacks and how you need to hone your skills to defend our critical infrastructure systems. Plus 6 top-rated ICS courses.
http://www.sans.org/event/ics-security-summit-2015

- --SANS Munich 2015 | Munich, Germany | February 23-March 7, 2015
6 courses.
http://www.sans.org/event/munich-2015

- --Special Online Training Offer available through December 3 -
Receive a MacBook Air or $800 discount on any vLive or OnDemand course.
Learn more http://www.sans.org/online-security-training/specials

- -- Multi-week Live SANS training
http://www.sans.org/mentor/about
Contact mentor@sans.org

- -- Looking for training in your own community?
http://www.sans.org/community/

- --Save on On-Demand training (30 full courses) - See samples at
http://www.sans.org/ondemand/specials

Plus Brussels, Dubai, and Bangalore all in the next 90 days.

For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live: www.sans.org

********************** Sponsored Links: ********************

1) SANS What Works: University Uses Fireeye Advanced Threat Detection to Reduce Malware Impact Tuesday, January 13 at 1:00 PM EST (18:00:00 UTC) John Pescatore and Dan Han.
http://www.sans.org/info/173277

2) Another chance to win $400 Amazon Card - Take New Survey on Insider Threats.
http://www.sans.org/info/173282

3) In case you missed it: Tis the Season for Data Breaches and Stolen Identity Wednesday, December 17 at 1:00 PM EST (18:00:00 UTC)with Chester Wisniewski:
http://www.sans.org/info/173287

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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

Title: Malwarebytes Anti-Malware and Anti-Exploit Vulnerability Allows Arbitrary Code Execution
Description: A vulnerability within the upgrade mechanism of Malwarebytes Anti-Malware and Anti-Exploit was disclosed, potentially allowing an attacker to hijack the upgrade process and execute arbitrary code on a system. Consumers are advised to upgrade. Corporate versions are not affected by this vulnerability.
Reference:
http://blog.0x3a.com/post/104954032239/cve-2014-4936-malwarebytes-anti-malware-and

Title: Cross-Signed Certificates Crash Android
Description: A vulnerability in Android has been discovered where Android does not correctly handle "specially-constructed malformed" certificates. An attacker exploiting this vulnerability could cause the device to crash, resulting in a denial of service.
Reference:
http://blog.trendmicro.com/trendlabs-security-intelligence/cross-signed-certificates-crashes-android/

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INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

Reproducible Malware Analyses for All
http://moyix.blogspot.com/2014/12/reproducible-malware-analyses-for-all.html

Ancient Mac Site Harbors Botnet that Exploits IE Vulnerability
http://blogs.cisco.com/talos/mac-site-ie-botnet

Microsoft clarifies its BrowserModifier detection criteria in its anti-malware products
http://blogs.technet.com/b/mmpc/archive/2014/12/11/a-timeline-of-consent-and-control.aspx

Honeywell PoS Software Vulnerable to Stack Buffer Overflows
http://threatpost.com/honeywell-pos-software-vulnerable-to-stack-buffer-overflows/109868

SoakSoak Malware Campaign Affects over 100,000 Websites
http://www.geekrepublic.org/soaksoak-malware-campaign-affects-over-100000-websites/

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RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM.

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: CVE-2014-8791
Title: Tuleap PHP Object Injection Vulnerability
Vendor: enalean
Description: project/register.php in Tuleap before 7.7, when sys_create_project_in_one_step is disabled, allows remote authenticated users to conduct PHP object injection attacks and execute arbitrary PHP code via the data parameter.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 6.0 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:S/C:P/I:P/A:P)

ID: CVE-2014-6324
Title: Microsoft Windows Kerberos Checksum Privilege Escalation Vulnerability (MS14-068)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: The Kerberos Key Distribution Center (KDC) in Microsoft Windows Server 2003 SP2, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, and Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2 allows remote authenticated domain users to obtain domain administrator privileges via a forged signature in a ticket, as exploited in the wild in November 2014, aka "Kerberos Checksum Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-4114
Title: Microsoft Windows OLE - Remote Code Execution "Sandworm" Exploit (MS14-060)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2, and Windows RT Gold and 8.1 allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted OLE object in an Office document, as exploited in the wild with a "Sandworm" attack in June through October 2014, aka "Windows OLE Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-7169
Title: Multiple Vendor Bash Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Multiple Vendors
Description: GNU Bash through 4.3 bash43-025 processes trailing strings after certain malformed function definitions in the values of environment variables, which allows remote attackers to write to files or possibly have unknown other impact via a crafted environment, as demonstrated by vectors involving the ForceCommand feature in OpenSSH sshd, the mod_cgi and mod_cgid modules in the Apache HTTP Server, scripts executed by unspecified DHCP clients, and other situations in which setting the environment occurs across a privilege boundary from Bash execution. NOTE: this vulnerability exists because of an incomplete fix for CVE-2014-6271.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-6271
Title: Multiple Vendor Bash Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Multiple Vendors
Description: GNU Bash through 4.3 processes trailing strings after function definitions in the values of environment variables, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted environment, as demonstrated by vectors involving the ForceCommand feature in OpenSSH sshd, the mod_cgi and mod_cgid modules in the Apache HTTP Server, scripts executed by unspecified DHCP clients, and other situations in which setting the environment occurs across a privilege boundary from Bash execution, aka "ShellShock." NOTE: the original fix for this issue was incorrect; CVE-2014-7169 has been assigned to cover the vulnerability that is still present after the incorrect fix.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-0160
Title: OpenSSL TLS Heartbeat Extension Buffer Oveflow Information Disclosure Vulnerability (Heartbleed)
Vendor: OpenSSL Project
Description: The (1) TLS and (2) DTLS implementations in OpenSSL 1.0.1 before 1.0.1g do not properly handle Heartbeart Extension packets, which allows remote attackers to obtain sensitive information from process memory via crafted packets that trigger a buffer over-read, as demonstrated by reading private keys, related to d1_both.c and t1_lib.c.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 5.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N)

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MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2014-12-09 - 2014-12-16:
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: 84D0D1B9544AE8862792796A7EF06E5924919C8AC9FE8B1FB495A4E2DF98ED22
MD5: 4732b7d8b766a8ac420d6f812a681fa8
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/84D0D1B9544AE8862792796A7EF06E5924919C8AC9FE8B1FB495A4E2DF98ED22/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: 224245.doc
Detection Name: W32.84D0D1B954-100.SBX.VIOC

SHA 256: 638C38749B79A38A18D641E3B170E7FEEEBBA21AB3B31CA2D98C5ABC5832A150
MD5: ac410c5f71d453cab00f24da3a84331a
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/638C38749B79A38A18D641E3B170E7FEEEBBA21AB3B31CA2D98C5ABC5832A150/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: 224245.doc
Detection Name: W32.638C38749B-100.SBX.VIOC

SHA 256: 07B9187EB453998C0ECDEEFF6C306AA32A50448E9AD8FABD1CDFE513C778A8E8
MD5: 8af622327e2c6ef36dd2b147ec7d25b7
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/07B9187EB453998C0ECDEEFF6C306AA32A50448E9AD8FABD1CDFE513C778A8E8/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: 9kyKsinBxVFcOK.exe
Detection Name: W32.GenericKD:Gen.17ne.1201

SHA 256: 2557EEA7E88FD382B8009EE4DC6A41A815906F135D5AED261DB9D26A500EE69F
MD5: 0fd2f7ddd58255ad0df40fa81f12af9a
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/2557EEA7E88FD382B8009EE4DC6A41A815906F135D5AED261DB9D26A500EE69F/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: 5FF75265.VBN.out
Detection Name: W32.2557EEA7E8-82.SBX.VIOC

SHA 256: BF8068C476819646F589EA9AEADD3B03EF962D26655A1A43794AA34A1348251B
MD5: 192304424cf9fce2583fde72722979bc
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/BF8068C476819646F589EA9AEADD3B03EF962D26655A1A43794AA34A1348251B/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: DTUpdate2010.exe
Claimed Product: Search Results
Detection Name: W32.BF8068C476-100.SBX.VIOC

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