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Newsletters: @RISK


@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

October 23, 2014
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@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 14, Num. 42

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked.

Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/risk/

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CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2014-10-07 - 2014-10-14
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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: SSL 3.0 discovered to be insecure to a man-in-the-middle attack via fallback (a.k.a. POODLE)

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TRAINING UPDATE

Cyber Defense Initiative 2014 | Washington, DC | Dec 10-19, 2014 |
30 courses. Bonus evening presentations include Gone in 60 Minutes: Have You Patched Your System Today?; A Night of Crypto; and NetWars Tournament of Champions.
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- --Pen Test Hackfest Summit | Washington DC | November 13-20, 2014
100% dedicated Pen Test Training. The optimal place to take your next Pen Testing course allowing you to interact with our instructors who specialize in this area. Meet with other industry professionals who are focused on ethical hacking and vulnerability assessments. 5 courses | Expert Summit Talks | 3 nights of NetWars | Evening of CyberCity | Coin-a-palooza
http://www.sans.org/event/sans-pen-test-hackfest-2014/

- --SANS London 2014 | London, UK | November 15-24, 2014
- --SANS London 2014 | London, UK | November 15-24, 2014 17 courses. Bonus evening presentation include Stop Giving the Offence an Unfair Advantage; Everything They Told Me About Security Was Wrong; and Incident Handling in the Enterprise.
http://www.sans.org/event/london-2014

- --Healthcare Cyber Security Summit | San Francisco, CA | Dec 3-10, 2014 |
SANS and NH-ISAC have partnered creating this summit to discuss information sharing of cyber security intelligence specific to the health care industry to meet the ever growing need in securing health care. Hear from health care CIOs, CISOs and technology leaders who will share their lessons learned combined with 6 intensive training courses.
http://www.sans.org/event/healthcare-summit-2014/

- --Can't travel? SANS offers LIVE online instruction.
Day (www.sans.org/simulcast) and Evening courses (www.sans.org/vlive) available!

- -- Multi-week Live SANS training
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Contact mentor@sans.org

- -- Looking for training in your own community?
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- --Save on On-Demand training (30 full courses) - See samples at
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Plus Dubai, Sydney, Tokyo, and Muscat all in the next 90 days.

For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live: www.sans.org

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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

Title: SSL 3.0 discovered to be insecure to a man-in-the-middle attack via fallback (a.k.a. POODLE)
Description: SSL v3.0 has been found to be insecure to a man-in-the-middle attack, allowing the plaintext of secure connections to be calculated by a network attacker.
Reference:
http://googleonlinesecurity.blogspot.com/2014/10/this-poodle-bites-exploiting-ssl-30.html
Snort SID: 32204, 32205

Title: PHP Version 5.4.34; 5.5.18; and 5.6.2 Released - Multiple Security Issues Resolved
Description: Updates to PHP 5.4, 5.5, and 5.6 branches, including fixes for CVE-2014-3668, CVE-2014-3669 and CVE-2014-3670 vulnerabilities, have been released. Users should update by downloading updates from their distribution, or from php.net.
Reference:
http://www.ehackingnews.com/2014/10/php-has-fixed-several-vulnerabilities.html

Title: OpenSSL Releases Updates, Security Advisory for Four Vulnerabilities
Description: Updates to OpenSSL have been released to remediate CVE-2014-3513, CVE-2014-3567, CVE-2014-3568, as well as SSL 3 fallback protection. This update fixes memory leaks that if abused, could result in a denial of service.
Reference: https://www.openssl.org/news/secadv_20141015.txt

Title: Drupal Core v.7.x SQL Injection Vulnerability
Description: Drupal 7 includes a database abstraction API to ensure that queries executed against the database are sanitized to prevent SQL injection attacks. A vulnerability in this API allows an attacker to send specially crafted requests resulting in arbitrary SQL execution. Depending on the content of the requests this can lead to privilege escalation, arbitrary PHP execution, or other attacks.
Reference: https://www.drupal.org/SA-CORE-2014-005
Snort SID: 15876

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INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

Misconfigured User-ID Component in PAN NGFWs Could Result in Credential Exposure
https://community.rapid7.com/community/infosec/blog/2014/10/14/palo-alto-networks-userid-credential-exposure

Has your threat feed made you lazy?
http://blog.handlerdiaries.com/?p=703

China collecting Apple iCloud user data via man-in-the-middle attacks in China
https://en.greatfire.org/blog/2014/oct/china-collecting-apple-icloud-data-attack-coincides-launch-new-iphone

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RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM.

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: CVE-2014-6446
Title: Wordpress InfusionSoft Plugin Upload Vulnerability
Vendor: Infusionsoft
Description: The Infusionsoft Gravity Forms plugin 1.5.3 through 1.5.10 for WordPress does not properly restrict access, which allows remote attackers to upload arbitrary files and execute arbitrary PHP code via a request to utilities/code_generator.php.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.5 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P)

ID: CVE-2013-6221
Title: HP Service Virtualization 3.0 Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: HP
Description: Directory traversal vulnerability in CommunicationServlet in HP Service Virtualization 3.x before 3.50.1, when the AutoPass license server is enabled, allows remote attackers to create arbitrary files and consequently execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors, aka ZDI-CAN-2031.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/AU:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-7169
Title: Multiple Vendor Bash Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Multiple Vendors
Description: GNU Bash through 4.3 bash43-025 processes trailing strings after certain malformed function definitions in the values of environment variables, which allows remote attackers to write to files or possibly have unknown other impact via a crafted environment, as demonstrated by vectors involving the ForceCommand feature in OpenSSH sshd, the mod_cgi and mod_cgid modules in the Apache HTTP Server, scripts executed by unspecified DHCP clients, and other situations in which setting the environment occurs across a privilege boundary from Bash execution. NOTE: this vulnerability exists because of an incomplete fix for CVE-2014-6271.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-6271
Title: Multiple Vendor Bash Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Multiple Vendors
Description: GNU Bash through 4.3 processes trailing strings after function definitions in the values of environment variables, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted environment, as demonstrated by vectors involving the ForceCommand feature in OpenSSH sshd, the mod_cgi and mod_cgid modules in the Apache HTTP Server, scripts executed by unspecified DHCP clients, and other situations in which setting the environment occurs across a privilege boundary from Bash execution, aka "ShellShock." NOTE: the original fix for this issue was incorrect; CVE-2014-7169 has been assigned to cover the vulnerability that is still present after the incorrect fix.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2013-7331
Title: Microsoft XMLDOM ActiveX Control Multiple Information Disclosure Vulnerabilities
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: The Microsoft.XMLDOM ActiveX control in Microsoft Windows 8.1 and earlier allows remote attackers to determine the existence of local pathnames, UNC share pathnames, intranet hostnames, and intranet IP addresses by examining error codes, as demonstrated by a res:// URL, and exploited in the wild in February 2014.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 5.8 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:P)

ID: CVE-2014-0160
Title: OpenSSL TLS Heartbeat Extension Buffer Oveflow Information Disclosure Vulnerability (Heartbleed)
Vendor: OpenSSL Project
Description: The (1) TLS and (2) DTLS implementations in OpenSSL 1.0.1 before 1.0.1g do not properly handle Heartbeart Extension packets, which allows remote attackers to obtain sensitive information from process memory via crafted packets that trigger a buffer over-read, as demonstrated by reading private keys, related to d1_both.c and t1_lib.c.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 5.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N)

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MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2014-10-07 - 2014-10-14:
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: C8E77E0EEEB21DB916E96A328A0805CF69AC16D17F44A83BE020B2A07451A5DC
MD5: c0aa404de9aa66796c6a94d25465fc7d
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/C8E77E0EEEB21DB916E96A328A0805CF69AC16D17F44A83BE020B2A07451A5DC/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: 26d969db11da8ab87ea08cd9b202e7c3_HypeNet.OfSvc.exe
Claimed Product: PayByAds ltd.
Detection Name: W32.Variant:Gen.17kq.dk

SHA 256: E843EE8B91CE50E28CD8B8367D294AAB6F8CCA37706DC84553466637E2C10CE5
MD5: 1591520248070581a5b35244019aa7e3
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/E843EE8B91CE50E28CD8B8367D294AAB6F8CCA37706DC84553466637E2C10CE5/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: wajam_update_v2.exe
Claimed Product: FastAppInstall.com
Detection Name: W32.E843EE8B91-100.SBX.VIOC

SHA 256: 6D3F2AF483EF7DBA21A00CBBA2BCB56EE5B761FE8FB39E3BAADF87E5A0F59E46
MD5: 01ed94f49f0f3f15cfaafe6f11436346
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/6D3F2AF483EF7DBA21A00CBBA2BCB56EE5B761FE8FB39E3BAADF87E5A0F59E46/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: nova_updater.exe
Detection Name: W32.Adware:HBUZT.17lm.1201

SHA 256: DF83A0D6940600E4C4954F4874FCD4DD73E781E6690C3BF56F51C95285484A3C
MD5: 25aa9bb549ecc7bb6100f8d179452508
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/DF83A0D6940600E4C4954F4874FCD4DD73E781E6690C3BF56F51C95285484A3C/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: wincdgja.exe
Detection Name: W32.Sality:StubOfSalityTrj.17co.1201

SHA 256: 0B72985E7FD1990E804BC4A395692BA2B653B9925A4A2BD8157760819402037F
MD5: ae9dc93c1788422a2affa1f804f498a6
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/0B72985E7FD1990E804BC4A395692BA2B653B9925A4A2BD8157760819402037F/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: spstub.exe
Claimed Product: ClientConnect LTD
Detection Name: W32.0B72985E7F-71.SBX.VIOC

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