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Newsletters: @RISK

@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

September 4, 2014
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@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 14, Num. 35

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked.

Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/risk/

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CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 8/27/2014 - 9/2/2014
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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: iCloud accounts of celebrities compromised through attack on on user names, passwords and security questions

******************** Sponsored By Oracle *********************

Secure your Database Data without touching the code, featuring Dave Shackleford Tuesday, September 16, Special Time of 3 PM EDT.

http://www.sans.org/info/166800

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TRAINING UPDATE

- --SANS Network Security 2014 | Las Vegas, NV | October 19-27, 2014
Register and pay by August 27 and save $400.
46 courses. Bonus evening presentations include The Bot Inside the Machine; Real-time Monitoring in Industrial Control Systems; and The Law of Offensive Countermeasures, Active Defense, or Whatever You Wanna Call It.
http://www.sans.org/event/network-security-2014

- --Security Awareness Summit | Dallas, TX | Sept 8-16, 2014
Come learn from your peers on how to build Next Generation Security Awareness Programs. Hear from security awareness officers as they share their lessons learned on how they took their awareness programs to the next level and how they measured the impact. Plus 5 courses.
http://www.sans.org/event/security-awareness-summit-and-training-2014

- --SANS ICS Amsterdam 2014 | Amsterdam, Netherlands | September 21-27, 2014
3 courses. ICS/SCADA Summit and Training.
http://www.sans.org/event/sans-ics-amsterdam-2014

- --DFIR Prague 2014 | Prague, Czech Republic | September 29-October 11, 2014
11 courses.
http://www.sans.org/event/dfir-prague-2014

- --Pen Test Hackfest Summit | Washington DC | November 13-20, 2014
100% dedicated Pen Test Training. The optimal place to take your next Pen Testing course allowing you to interact with our instructors who specialize in this area. Meet with other industry professionals who are focused on ethical hacking and vulnerability assessments. 5 courses | Expert Summit Talks | 3 nights of NetWars | Evening of CyberCity | Coin-a-palooza
http://www.sans.org/event/sans-pen-test-hackfest-2014/

- --SANS London 2014 | London, UK | November 15-24, 2014
16 courses.
http://www.sans.org/event/london-2014

- --Can't travel? SANS offers LIVE online instruction.
Day (www.sans.org/simulcast) and Evening courses (www.sans.org/vlive) available!

- -- Multi-week Live SANS training
http://www.sans.org/mentor/about
Contact mentor@sans.org

- -- Looking for training in your own community?
http://www.sans.org/community/

- --Save on On-Demand training (30 full courses) - See samples at
http://www.sans.org/ondemand/specials

Plus Hong Kong, Sydney, and Tokyo all in the next 90 days.

For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live: www.sans.org

********************** Sponsored Links: ********************

1) Are insiders and electronic health records still top concerns among health care orgs? Take 2nd SANS Health Care Security Survey and enter to win an iPad.
http://www.sans.org/info/166805

2) Solving Insider Threats in Law Enforcement - Friday, September 05 at 1:00 PM EDT (17:00:00 UTC)with Dr. Eric Cole and Michael Crouse.
http://www.sans.org/info/166810

3) Database Encryption - Defining the Root of Trust - Friday, September 19 at 1:00 PM EDT (17:00:00 UTC)with Andreas Philipp and Greg Porter.
http://www.sans.org/info/166815

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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

Title: ShadowServer Scans Confirm Scale of Netis Threat
Description: Researchers discovered a brand of SoHo routers popular in China has a backdoor, that could allow attackers to control the routers. ShadowServer has identified 1.35 million affected devices, which is down from the previous scan identifying nearly 2 million.
Reference:
http://blog.trendmicro.com/trendlabs-security-intelligence/shadowserver-scans-confirm-scale-of-netis-threat/
http://blog.trendmicro.com/trendlabs-security-intelligence/netis-routers-leave-wide-open-backdoor/
Snort SID: Detection is pending.

Title: Microsoft reissues windows patches that previously caused blue screens
Description: Microsoft released updates to patch 2982791 to resolve the bluescreen issues. Microsoft strongly suggests all customers uninstall patch 2982791 and install the updated patch, 2993651.
Reference:
https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/security/ms14-045.aspx
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/2982791

Title: Apple disclaims iCloud was involved in celebrity account compromises
Description: Apple's investigation of multiple celebrity iCloud accounts had lead them to believe that the compromise was not due to a security fault present in iCloud, but through a targeted attack on the affected accounts credentials.
Reference:
http://www.apple.com/pr/library/2014/09/02Apple-Media-Advisory.html
http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-29039294

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INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

Anatomy of a .NET Click Fraud Bot
http://stopmalvertising.com/malware-reports/anatomy-of-a-net-click-fraud-bot.html

Angler EK : Now capable of "fileless" infection (memory malware)
http://malware.dontneedcoffee.com/2014/08/angler-ek-now-capable-of-fileless.html

Revoke App Permissions on Firefox OS
https://frederik-braun.com/revoking-permissions-on-firefox-os.html

Google accelerates end of SHA-1 support; certificate authorities nervous
http://www.zdnet.com/google-accelerates-end-of-sha-1-support-certificate-authorities-nervous-7000033159/

Department of Energy Sinks $3M into Quantum Encryption
http://www.infosecurity-magazine.com/news/doe-sinks-3m-into-quantum/

Netflix Tech Blog: Announcing Scumblr and Sketchy - Search, Screenshot, and Reclaim the Internet
techblog.netflix.com/2014/08/announcing-scumblr-and-sketchy-search.html

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RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM.

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: CVE-2014-1510
Title: Mozilla Privilege Escalation using WebIDL-implemented APIs
Vendor: Mozilla
Description: The Web IDL implementation in Mozilla Firefox before 28.0, Firefox ESR 24.x before 24.4, Thunderbird before 24.4, and SeaMonkey before 2.25 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary JavaScript code with chrome privileges by using an IDL fragment to trigger a window.open call.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2013-1670
Title: Mozilla Firefox and Thunderbird Content Level Constructor XSS Vulnerability
Vendor: Mozilla
Description: The Chrome Object Wrapper (COW) implementation in Mozilla Firefox before 21.0, Firefox ESR 17.x before 17.0.6, Thunderbird before 17.0.6, and Thunderbird ESR 17.x before 17.0.6 does not prevent acquisition of chrome privileges during calls to content level constructors, which allows remote attackers to bypass certain read-only restrictions and conduct cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks via a crafted web site.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N)

ID: CVE-2014-0983
Title: Oracle VirtualBox 3D Acceleration Multiple Memory Corruption Vulnerabilities
Vendor: Oracle
Description: Multiple array index errors in programs that are automatically generated by VBox/HostServices/SharedOpenGL/crserverlib/server_dispatch.py in Oracle VirtualBox 4.2.x through 4.2.20 and 4.3.x before 4.3.8, when using 3D Acceleration, allow local guest OS users to execute arbitrary code on the Chromium server via certain CR_MESSAGE_OPCODES messages with a crafted index, which are not properly handled by the
(1) CR_VERTEXATTRIB4NUBARB_OPCODE to the crServerDispatchVertexAttrib4NubARB function,
(2) CR_VERTEXATTRIB1DARB_OPCODE to the crServerDispatchVertexAttrib1dARB function,
(3) CR_VERTEXATTRIB1FARB_OPCODE to the crServerDispatchVertexAttrib1fARB function,
(4) CR_VERTEXATTRIB1SARB_OPCODE to the crServerDispatchVertexAttrib1sARB function,
(5) CR_VERTEXATTRIB2DARB_OPCODE to the crServerDispatchVertexAttrib2dARB function,
(6) CR_VERTEXATTRIB2FARB_OPCODE to the crServerDispatchVertexAttrib2fARB function,
(7) CR_VERTEXATTRIB2SARB_OPCODE to the crServerDispatchVertexAttrib2sARB function,
(8) CR_VERTEXATTRIB3DARB_OPCODE to the crServerDispatchVertexAttrib3dARB function,
(9) CR_VERTEXATTRIB3FARB_OPCODE to the crServerDispatchVertexAttrib3fARB function,
(10) CR_VERTEXATTRIB3SARB_OPCODE to the crServerDispatchVertexAttrib3sARB function,
(11) CR_VERTEXATTRIB4DARB_OPCODE to the crServerDispatchVertexAttrib4dARB function,
(12) CR_VERTEXATTRIB4FARB_OPCODE to the crServerDispatchVertexAttrib4fARB function, and
(13) CR_VERTEXATTRIB4SARB_OPCODE to the crServerDispatchVertexAttrib4sARB function.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 6.9 (AV:L/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-3120
Title: ElasticSearch Dynamic Script Arbitrary Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Elasticsearch
Description: The default configuration in Elasticsearch before 1.2 enables dynamic scripting, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary MVEL expressions and Java code via the source parameter to _search.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 6.8 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P)

ID: CVE-2014-2969
Title: Netgear GS105PE Prosafe Plus Switch Contains Hard-Coded Login Credentials
Vendor: Netgear
Description: NETGEAR GS108PE Prosafe Plus switches with firmware 1.2.0.5 have a hardcoded password of debugpassword for the ntgruser account, which allows remote attackers to upload firmware or read or modify memory contents, and consequently execute arbitrary code, via a request to (1) produce_burn.cgi, (2) register_debug.cgi, or (3) bootcode_update.cgi.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 8.3 (AV:A/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-0160
Title: OpenSSL TLS Heartbeat Extension Buffer Oveflow Information
Disclosure Vulnerability (Heartbleed)
Vendor: OpenSSL Project
Description: The (1) TLS and (2) DTLS implementations in OpenSSL 1.0.1 before 1.0.1g do not properly handle Heartbeart Extension packets, which allows remote attackers to obtain sensitive information from process memory via crafted packets that trigger a buffer over-read, as demonstrated by reading private keys, related to d1_both.c and t1_lib.c.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 5.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N)

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MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 8/27/2014 - 9/2/2014:
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: 061D3770D05603A4F293BB129E79B626CB5291CB4A68A99F31E342A3AD3F6070
MD5: 12c11c4bf4bfc75bd4778ccfcdf05160
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/061D3770D05603A4F293BB129E79B626CB5291CB4A68A99F31E342A3AD3F6070/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: DealKeeper.exe
Claimed Product: Deal Keeper
Detection Name: W32.MPlug:BrowseFox.17j3.1201

SHA 256: 0B72985E7FD1990E804BC4A395692BA2B653B9925A4A2BD8157760819402037F
MD5: ae9dc93c1788422a2affa1f804f498a6
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/0B72985E7FD1990E804BC4A395692BA2B653B9925A4A2BD8157760819402037F/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: spstub.exe
Claimed Product: ClientConnect LTD Search Protect
Detection Name: W32.0B72985E7F-71.SBX.VIOC

SHA 256: 10A6520DFD9CEA70EB87055A97EA1B254D67F96197FC0341AB575F4F2FA5F028
MD5: 684a02fa1e1cde3ffded09a5ef4f73c7
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/10A6520DFD9CEA70EB87055A97EA1B254D67F96197FC0341AB575F4F2FA5F028/analysis/#additional-info
Claimed Product: webget
Detection Name: W32.SwiftBrowse:BrowseFox.17j3.1201

SHA 256: 36D5648A8B29C789F9065D4363E5ACD8A7C55A665900BB2CE469F4FC452984A3
MD5: 98c251c9bcfc40f2901da987aa223e19
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/36D5648A8B29C789F9065D4363E5ACD8A7C55A665900BB2CE469F4FC452984A3/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: update.exe
Claimed Product: Search Results
Detection Name: W32.Trojan.17hb.dk

SHA 256: 97667487392ACA1D94C0043FB725FE31855D5B65B1BDEBE58E0AC7E147D05BE4
MD5: 466af3fbfdd028b3d90238425c367b7e
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/97667487392ACA1D94C0043FB725FE31855D5B65B1BDEBE58E0AC7E147D05BE4/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: t8SrchMn.exe
Claimed Product: Mindspark Toolbar Platform SearchScope Monitor
Detection Name: W32.MindsparkA.17hd.1201

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