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Newsletters: @RISK

@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

July 4, 2013
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@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 13, Num. 27

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked.

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CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
USEFUL EXPLANATIONS OF HOW NEW ATTACKS WORK
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 6/25/2013 - 7/2/2013
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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Phone maker Motorola was caught in a major privacy scandal this week, as an independent security researcher showed that certain of its phones were sending sensitive user data such as account credentials to Motorola servers silently in the background, without user interaction - sometimes without encryption.

******************** Sponsored By SANS *********************

Digital Forensics Survey Results released during a July 18 webcast at 1 PM EDT. Register for the webcast and automatically sign up for a copy of the associated report. http://www.sans.org/info/133997

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TRAINING UPDATE

- -- Industrial Control System (ICS) Security Training In-depth, hands-on technical courses taught by top SCADA experts. Gain the most current information regarding SCADA and Control System threats and learn how to best prepare to defend against them. Leave the event with solutions that you can immediately put to use in your organization.

--Washington, DC (August 12-August 16)
http://www.sans.org/event/ics-security-training-washington-dc

- -- SANS Rocky Mountain 2013 Denver, CO July 14-20, 2013 10 courses. Bonus evening sessions include OODA - The Secret to Effective Security in Any Environment; and APT: It is Not Time to Pray, It is Time to Act.
http://www.sans.org/event/rocky-mountain-2013

- -- SANS San Francisco 2013 San Francisco, CA July 29-August 3, 2013
7 courses. Bonus evening sessions include Offensive Digital Forensics; and Base64 Can Get You Pwned!
http://www.sans.org/event/san-francisco-2013

- -- SANS Boston 2013 Boston, MA August 5-10, 2013
9 courses. Bonus evening sessions include Cloud R and Forensics; and You Can Panic Now. Host Protection is (Mostly) Dead.
http://www.sans.org/event/boston-2013

- -- SANS Virginia Beach 2013 Virginia Beach, VA August 19-30, 2013
10 courses. Bonus evening presentations include Thanks for Recovering ... Now I Can Hack You!; Everything I Know is Wrong!; and APT: It is Time to Act.
http://www.sans.org/event/virginia-beach-2013

- -- SANS Capital City 2013 Washington, DC September 3-8, 2013
6 courses. Bonus evening presentations include Look Ma, No Exploits! - The Recon-ng Framework; and How the West was Pwned. Keynote address: Who's Watching the Watchers? http://www.sans.org/event/sans-capital-city-2013

- -- SANS Network Security 2013 Las Vegas, NV September 14-23, 2013
50 courses. Bonus evening presentations include The Security Impact of IPv6; Unleashing the Dogs of (cyber) War; and InfoSec Vertigo: Small Medical Lab Wages War Against InfoSec Vendor, US Government, and Big DC Law Firm.
http://www.sans.org/event/network-security-2013

- -- SANS London Summer 2013 London, UK July 9-July 16, 2013
4 courses. SANS has added a new London date to the security-training calendar, giving security professionals the opportunity to take one of four of SANS' most popular 6-day courses and the excellent 2 day Securing The Human course.
http://www.sans.org/event/london-summer-2013

- -- SANS Mumbai 2013 Mumbai, India July 22-27, 2013
Our two most popular security courses that will get you started on your security career - SEC 401 Security Essentials Bootcamp Style and SEC504: Hacker Techniques, Exploits & Incident Handling.
http://www.sans.org/event/mumbai-2013

- -- SANS Forensics Prague 2013Prague, Czech RepublicOctober 6-13 2013
SANS's European forensics summit and dedicated forensics training event. Four of SANS's most important forensics training courses and opportunities to network with leading digital forensics experts.
http://www.sans.org/event/forensics-prague-2013

- -- SANS Dubai 2013Dubai, UAEOctober 26th - November 7th 2013
SANS returns to Dubai with four essential courses at the Hilton Jumeirah Beach.
http://www.sans.org/event/dubai-2013

- -- Multi-week Live SANS training
http://www.sans.org/mentor/about
Contact mentor@sans.org

- -- Looking for training in your own community?
http://www.sans.org/community/

- --Save on On-Demand training (30 full courses) - See samples at
http://www.sans.org/ondemand/specials

Plus Johannesburg, Abu Dhabi, Seoul, and Bangalore all in the next 90 days. For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live: www.sans.org

********************** Sponsored Links: ********************

1) Another New Paper in the SANS reading room: SANS survey on Mobile Application Security: http://www.sans.org/info/134002

2) NEW paper in the SANS Reading Room: Results of the SANS Critical Security Controls Survey, featuring John Pescatore. http://www.sans.org/info/134007

3) NEW paper in the SANS Reading Room: "Implementing Hardware Roots of Trust," includes real case studies, best practices and standards on how to implement hardware security that is ubiquitous in most of today's organizations. http://www.sans.org/info/134012

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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE SOURCEFIRE VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

Title: Major privacy breach discovered on Motorola phones
Description: An independent security researcher published proof this week that Motorola phones with the Blur service installed are sending a myriad of credentials and private information silently to Motorola servers, as well as communicating via a modified version of the Jabber protocol in a format reminiscent of botnet command-and-control. The disclosure - which featured packet captures, screen shots, and a full analysis of all of the data being sent - includes reproduction instructions for anyone concerned about their Motorola phone behaving in a similar manner. Impacted phone owners appear to have little recourse at this time, as the service responsible for this information disclosure cannot be removed without rooting the phone and installing a stock version of Android.
Reference:
http://www.beneaththewaves.net/Projects/Motorola_Is_Listening.html
Snort SID: N/A
ClamAV: N/A

Title: Metasploit module emerges for new Java sandbox bypass
Description: A Metasploit module targeting a recently patched Java sandbox bypass was released last week. The issue - which allows for arbitrary execution of static methods with user-supplied arguments - is likely to be exploited heavily in the field, as it is both trivial to implement and useful for bypassing recently implemented Java protections that are intended to contain the scope of attacks. System administrators are urged to patch immediately.
Reference:
http://metasploit.com/modules/exploit/multi/browser/java_jre17_provider_skeleton
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/topics/security/javacpujun2013-1899847.html
http://www.security-explorations.com/materials/SE-2012-01-ORACLE-12.pdf
Snort SID: 27076, 27077
ClamAV: Java.Exploit.CVE_2013_2460

Title: Android_OBAD shows sophisticated new stealth techniques
Description:
Reference:
http://blog.trendmicro.com/trendlabs-security-intelligence/cybercriminals-improve-android-malware-stealth-routines-with-obad/
Snort SID: 27065, 27066
ClamAV: Andr.Trojan.OBad

Title: New "Nailed" exploit kit surfaces in the wild
Description: The latest in a series of exploit kits to emerge over the last 6 months as that model becomes more popular for attackers on the Internet, this particular kit is noteworthy not because of its sophistication or ability to evade defenses - but instead because of how simplistic it is, with Metasploit developers calling it just a re-implementation of that tool's browser autopwn functionality. As the barrier to entry in creating kits like this continues to drop, defenders are continuing to see an increase in their numbers generally and diversity in particular.
Reference:
http://www.basemont.com/june_2013_exploit_kit_2
Snort SID: 27078 - 27084
ClamAV: N/A

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USEFUL EXPLANATIONS OF HOW NEW ATTACKS WORK

SMS to Meterpreter: fuzzing USB modems: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0en-xfxSUpk&feature=youtu.be

Reversing and auditing Android's proprietary bits: http://www.slideshare.net/joshjdrake/reversing-and-auditing-androids-proprietary-bits

Investigation of a new undocumented instruction trick: http://blogs.technet.com/b/mmpc/archive/2013/06/24/investigation-of-a-new-undocumented-instruction-trick.aspx

Hijacking a Facebook account with SMS: http://blog.fin1te.net/post/53949849983/hijacking-a-facebook-account-with-sms

Writing exploits for exotic bug classes: unserialize(): http://www.alertlogic.com/writing-exploits-for-exotic-bug-classes/

Can Apple read your iMessages? http://blog.cryptographyengineering.com/2013/06/can-apple-read-your-imessages.html

Carberp remote code execution: Carpwned: http://www.xylibox.com/2013/06/carberp-remote-code-execution-carpwned.html

ICS-CERT: Industrial incidents increasing in 2013: https://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/sites/default/files/ICS-CERT_Monitor_April-June2013.pdf

Next generation mobile rootkits: https://www.hackinparis.com/sites/hackinparis.com/files/Slidesthomasroth.pdf

The Java autorun worm, Java.Cogyeka: http://www.symantec.com/connect/blogs/java-autorun-worm-javacogyeka-1-3

Indicators of compromise in memory forensics: http://www.sans.org/reading_room/whitepapers/forensics/indicators-compromise-memory-forensics_34162

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RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM.

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: CVE-2013-2460
Title: Java Applet ProviderSkeleton Insecure Invoke Method
Vendor: Oracle
Description: Unspecified vulnerability in the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) component in Oracle Java SE 7 Update 21 and earlier, and OpenJDK 7, allows remote attackers to affect confidentiality, integrity, and availability via unknown vectors related to Serviceability. NOTE: the previous information is from the June 2013 CPU. Oracle has not commented on claims from another vendor that this issue allows remote attackers to bypass the Java sandbox via vectors related to "insufficient access checks" in the tracing component.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2013-3576
Title: HP System Management Homepage JustGetSNMPQueue Command Injection
Vendor: HP
Description: ginkgosnmp.inc in HP System Management Homepage (SMH) allows remote authenticated users to execute arbitrary commands via shell metacharacters in the PATH_INFO to smhutil/snmpchp.php.en.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2013-2551
Title: Microsoft Internet Explorer COALineDashStyleArray Integer
Overflow (MS13-009)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Use-after-free vulnerability in Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 through 10 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted web site that triggers access to a deleted object, as demonstrated by VUPEN during a Pwn2Own competition at CanSecWest 2013, aka "Internet Explorer Use After Free Vulnerability," a different vulnerability than CVE-2013-1308 and CVE-2013-1309.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2012-1533
Title: Java Web Start Double Quote Injection Remote Code Execution
Vendor: Oracle
Description: Unspecified vulnerability in the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) component in Oracle Java SE 7 Update 7 and earlier, and 6 Update 35 and earlier, allows remote attackers to affect confidentiality, integrity, and availability via unknown vectors related to Deployment.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2013-1311
Title: Microsoft Internet Explorer textNode Use-After-Free
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Use-after-free vulnerability in Microsoft Internet Explorer 8 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted web site that triggers access to a deleted object, aka "Internet Explorer Use After Free Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2013-1559
Title: Oracle WebCenter Content CheckOutAndOpen.dll ActiveX Remote Code Execution
Vendor: Oracle
Description: Unspecified vulnerability in the Oracle WebCenter Content component in Oracle Fusion Middleware 10.1.3.5.1 and 11.1.1.6.0 allows remote authenticated users to affect availability via unknown vectors related to Content Server.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:S/C:N/I:N/A:P)

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MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 66/25/2013 - 7/2/2013
COMPILED BY SOURCEFIRE

SHA 256: AA0BBAECB678868E1E7F57C7CA9D61B608B3D788BE490790EB1D148BEADF4615
MD5: 3291e1603715c47a23b60a8bf2ca73db
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/aa0bbaecb678868e1e7f57c7ca9d61b608b3d788be490790eb1d148beadf4615/analysis/

Typical Filename: avz00001.dta
Claimed Product: -
Claimed Publisher: -

SHA 256: B7B28E855B8C6225C605330760FF4DC407EFC83F72F1A04E974A72189D0F1D96
MD5: 573b6cc513e1b7cd9e35b491eacc38f3
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/B7B28E855B8C6225C605330760FF4DC407EFC83F72F1A04E974A72189D0F1D96/analysis/

Typical Filename: 573b6cc513e1b7cd9e35b491eacc38f3
Claimed Product: 573b6cc513e1b7cd9e35b491eacc38f3
Claimed Publisher: 573b6cc513e1b7cd9e35b491eacc38f3

SHA 256: 0585CDC0293EA6B8C86482608C08C583BF32E12CFA59D143F4A0411D2894C0F3
MD5: b3b9295385f4e74d023181e5a24f4d83
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/0585CDC0293EA6B8C86482608C08C583BF32E12CFA59D143F4A0411D2894C0F3/analysis/

Typical Filename: Keygen.exe
Claimed Product: Keygen.exe
Claimed Publisher: Keygen.exe

SHA 256: DF83A0D6940600E4C4954F4874FCD4DD73E781E6690C3BF56F51C95285484A3C
MD5: 25aa9bb549ecc7bb6100f8d179452508
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/DF83A0D6940600E4C4954F4874FCD4DD73E781E6690C3BF56F51C95285484A3C/analysis/

Typical Filename: File_0_2.ok
Claimed Product: -
Claimed Publisher: -

SHA 256: A6B140EC734C258C5EBF19C0BC0B414B5655ADC00108A038B5BE6A8F83D0BD03
MD5: e010f298c086c2e1d7265fd18aea2dfbaa9dcd35
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/A6B140EC734C258C5EBF19C0BC0B414B5655ADC00108A038B5BE6A8F83D0BD03/analysis/

Typical Filename: lpkjnn.sys
Claimed Product: -
Claimed Publisher: -

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