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Newsletters: @RISK


@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

May 24, 2013
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@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 13, Num. 21

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked.

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CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
USEFUL EXPLANATIONS OF HOW NEW ATTACKS WORK
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 5/16/2013 - 5/21/2013
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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Norwegian security vendor Norman released a detailed technical report this week profiling an active APT group based out of India, identifying IP addresses, domain names, MD5s, and other relevant technical information throughout. While the existence of such a group is not particularly surprising - APT groups exist worldwide - - the report has been praised by members of the security community for its thoroughness and the level of detection detail provided. Sourcefire has observed this group in the wild over the past several months, and customers are protected through a number of distinct Sourcefire technologies as discussed below.

****************** Sponsored By Veracode *******************

Special Webcast: The Intractable Problem of Software Security - Friday, May 24, 2013 at 1:00pm EDT. Join Chris Wysopal, Veracode's Co-Founder and CTO, as he discusses the current and future state of appsec. He will dive into the data that drive the predictions detailed in the Veracode's fifth annual State of Software Security Report. This report pulls data from tens of thousands of live application scans performed on the Veracode Platform. http://www.sans.org/info/131582

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TRAINING UPDATE

- -- SANSFIRE 2013 Washington, DC June 14-22, 2013 41 courses. Bonus evening sessions include Avoiding Cyberterrorism Threats Inside Hydraulic Power Generation Plants; and Automated Analysis of Android Malware. http://www.sans.org/event/sansfire-2013

- -- SANS Rocky Mountain 2013 Denver, CO July 14-20, 2013
10 courses. Bonus evening sessions include OODA - The Secret to Effective Security in Any Environment; and APT: It is Not Time to Pray, It is Time to Act.
http://www.sans.org/event/rocky-mountain-2013

- -- SANS San Francisco 2013 San Francisco, CA July 29-August 3, 2013
7 courses. Bonus evening sessions include Offensive Digital Forensics; and Base64 Can Get You Pwned!
http://www.sans.org/event/san-francisco-2013

- -- SANS Boston 2013 Boston, MA August 5-10, 2013
9 courses. Bonus evening sessions include Cloud R and Forensics; and You Can Panic Now. Host Protection is (Mostly) Dead.
http://www.sans.org/event/boston-2013

- -- SANS Virginia Beach 2013 Virginia Beach, VA August 19-30, 2013
10 courses. Bonus evening presentations include Thanks for Recovering ... Now I Can Hack You!; Everything I Know is Wrong!; and APT: It is Time to Act.
http://www.sans.org/event/virginia-beach-2013

- -- SANS Pen Test Berlin 2013 Berlin, Germany June 2-June 8, 2013
Europe's only specialist pen test training and networking event. Four dedicated pen test training courses led by five SANS world-class instructors.
http://www.sans.org/event/pentest-berlin-2013

- -- SANS London Summer 2013 London, UK July 9-July 16, 2013
5 courses. SANS has added a new London date to the security-training calendar, giving security professionals the opportunity to take one of four of SANS' most popular 6-day courses and the excellent 2 day Securing The Human course.
http://www.sans.org/event/london-summer-2013

- -- Looking for training in your own community?
http://www.sans.org/community/

- --Save on On-Demand training (30 full courses) - See samples at
http://www.sans.org/ondemand/specials

Plus Johannesburg, Abu Dhabi, Seoul, and Bangalore all in the next 90 days. For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live: www.sans.org

********************** Sponsored Links: ********************

1) Calling all Forensics Practitioners to Take the SANS Digital Forensics Survey! Provide Your Expert Perspective and Enter to Win a $400 American Express Card. http://www.sans.org/info/131587

2) Leveraging the First Four Critical Security Controls for Holistic Improvements featuring SANS Analyst James Tarala, co-author of the CSCs. Wednesday, June 12, 1:00 PM EDT http://www.sans.org/info/131592

3) Analyst Webcast: Meeting the Need for Speed (and Resiliency) in Security Management Systems, featuring SANS Analyst, J Michael Butler. Friday, June 7 at 1:00 PM EDT http://www.sans.org/info/131597

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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE SOURCEFIRE VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

Title: Norman releases detailed report on Indian-based APT
infrastructure
Description: A research report released this week by Norwegian company Norman - most famous for tools of theirs such as Norman SandBox - details the infrastructure used by a group similar to Mandiant's APT1, only this time based out of India, not China. The report, which is quietly garnering praise among the research community, provided hundreds of domain names, IP addresses, and binary indicators that could be used to detect malware created by this group - which also appears to be connected to targeted Mac malware found at the Oslo Freedom Forum last week (details below). Detection for this group's C&C infrastructure has been in place in Sourcefire products since January with SID 25669, and ClamAV users have been protected by the Trojan.Win32.Selasloot.A definitions since that time as well.
Reference:
http://blogs.norman.com/2013/security-research/the-hangover-report
Snort SID: 25669
ClamAV: Trojan.Win32.Selasloot.A

Title: Mac spyware found at Oslo freedom forum
Description: During a demonstration of how to secure personal devices against government monitoring, respected independent researcher Jacob Appelbaum discovered a brand new piece of targeted Mac malware on an African activist's system - one signed with an Apple developer ID, no less. The discovery is a reminder that targeted attacks abound on Mac systems, and that users of that platform should be as diligent in their patching as their PC counterparts. Further research by Norwegian company Norman indicates that this particular piece of malware can be traced to a professional organization inside of India, for example (details above).
Reference:
http://www.f-secure.com/weblog/archives/00002554.html
http://www.virustotal.com/en/file/6acd92d0dfe3e298d73b78a3dcc6d52ff4f85a70a9f2d0dcfe7ae4af2dd685cc/analysis/
Snort SID: 26670, 26671 ClamAV: OSX.Trojan.KitM

Title: Adobe releases slew of patches
Description: Adobe released a number of new vulnerabilities during its last patch cycle this past week. The vulnerabilities ranged from denial of service through remote code execution. While none were confirmed to be actively exploited in the wild at the time of publication, users should still patch immediately, on the assumption that the longer since the release of the patches, the more likely it becomes that exploits will emerge, public or private.
Reference:
http://www.adobe.com/support/security/bulletins/apsb13-14.html
http://www.adobe.com/support/security/bulletins/apsb13-15.html
Snort SID: 26651, 26652, 26664, 26665, 26687, 26688, 26694
ClamAV: PDF.Exploit.CVE_2013_2729, Swf.Exploit.CVE_2013_3329

Title: Source code for Java exploit that won Pwn2Own released -
CVE-2013-1491
Description: Researcher Joshua Drake of Accuvant Labs this week released source code for the Java exploit that won him this year's Pwn2Own contest. The vulnerability - which to date has not been exploited in the wild - is startlingly simple, taking Drake only 68 lines of well-commented Java to achieve. Users are urged to ensure they run up-to-date Java installations at all times, and to assume that this exploit will be weaponized in the near future.
Reference:
http://blog.accuvantlabs.com/blog/jdrake/pwn2own-2013-java-7-se-memory-corruption
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/topics/security/javacpuapr2013-1928497.html
Snort SID: 26716 26717
ClamAV: Java.Exploit.CVE_2013_1491

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USEFUL EXPLANATIONS OF HOW NEW ATTACKS WORK

Writing exploits with the Elderwood Kit, Part 2:
http://blog.trailofbits.com/2013/05/20/writing-exploits-with-the-elderwood-kit-part-2/

The Hangover Report: Unveiling an Indian cyberattack structure:
http://blogs.norman.com/2013/security-research/the-hangover-report

Technique to spoof the content of any Facebook app:
http://thehackernews.com/2013/05/facebook-hacking-technique-to-spoof.html

PenTesterLab.com - exercises to learn Pen Testing:
http://www.darknet.org.uk/2013/05/pentesterlab-com-excercises-to-learn-penetration-testing/

Ragebooter: "Legit" DDoS for hire, or Fed backdoor?
http://krebsonsecurity.com/2013/05/ragebooter-legit-ddos-service-or-fed-backdoor/

Introduction to Windows kernel security research:
http://blog.cmpxchg8b.com/2013/05/introduction-to-windows-kernel-security.html

How I "stole" $14M from a bank - a security tester's tale:
http://money.cnn.com/2013/05/15/technology/security/bank-heist/index.html?iid=Lead

Exploiting a Go binary:
http://codearcana.com/posts/2013/04/23/exploiting-a-go-binary.html

The wonder of Sirefef plunder:
http://blogs.technet.com/b/mmpc/archive/2013/05/20/the-wonder-of-sirefef-plunder.aspx

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RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM.

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: CVE-2013-3075
Title: Mitsubishi MX Component "ActUWzd.dll" ActiveX Control Heap Buffer Overflow Vulnerability
Vendor: Mitsubishi Electronic Corporation
Description: Multiple buffer overflows in ActUWzd.dll 1.0.0.1 in Mitsubishi MX Component 3, as distributed in Citect CitectFacilities 7.10 and CitectScada 7.10r1, allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a long string, as demonstrated by a long WzTitle property value to a certain ActiveX control.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2013-1347
Title: Microsoft Internet Explorer 8 Use-After-Free Memory Corruption Vulnerability
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Microsoft Internet Explorer 8 does not properly handle objects in memory, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code by accessing an object that (1) was not properly allocated or (2) is deleted, as exploited in the wild in May 2013.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2013-3336
Title: Adobe ColdFusion Information Disclosure Vulnerability (APSB13-13)
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Unspecified vulnerability in Adobe ColdFusion 9.0, 9.0.1, 9.0.2, and 10 allows remote attackers to read arbitrary files via unknown vectors.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 5.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N)

ID: CVE-2013-2423
Title: Java Applet Reflection Type Confusion Remote Code Execution
Vendor: Oracle
Description: Unspecified vulnerability in the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) component in Oracle Java SE 7 Update 17 and earlier, and OpenJDK 7, allows remote attackers to affect integrity via unknown vectors related to HotSpot. NOTE: the previous information is from the April 2013 CPU. Oracle has not commented on claims from the original researcher that this vulnerability allows remote attackers to bypass permission checks by the MethodHandles method and modify arbitrary public final fields using reflection and type confusion, as demonstrated using integer and double fields to disable the security manager.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N)

ID: CVE-2013-0632
Title: Adobe ColdFusion APSB13-03 Remote Exploit
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Adobe ColdFusion 9.0, 9.0.1, 9.0.2, and 10 allows remote attackers to bypass authentication and possibly execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors, as exploited in the wild in January 2013.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2013-1493
Title: Oracle Java SE JVM 2D Subcomponent Remote Code Execution
Vulnerability (Oracle Security Alert for CVE-2013-1493)
Vendor: Oracle
Description: The color management (CMM) functionality in the 2D component in Oracle Java SE 7 Update 15 and earlier, 6 Update 41 and earlier, and 5.0 Update 40 and earlier allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (crash) via an image with crafted raster parameters, which triggers (1) an out-of-bounds read or (2) memory corruption in the JVM, as exploited in the wild in February 2013.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

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MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 5/16/2013 - 5/21/2013
COMPILED BY SOURCEFIRE

SHA 256: D14B66BD4C4C8F66A6EDF2820FD4162D09B326BEAF6A42014596571E81A1A503 MD5: 68b7f7a26b76805432e3d50009d2ab1f VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/D14B66BD4C4C8F66A6EDF2820FD4162D09B326BEAF6A42014596571E81A1A503/analysis/

Typical Filename: winhghqv.exe Claimed Product: winhghqv.exe Claimed Publisher: winhghqv.exe

SHA 256: E83A61AE6CFED6861AFDFA73CA41B0000BFCFD4FF710B8C0067805024286CD07 MD5: 8bc3498a39fb2d290a8975fd5419eb55 VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/E83A61AE6CFED6861AFDFA73CA41B0000BFCFD4FF710B8C0067805024286CD07/analysis/

Typical Filename: 8bc3498a39fb2d290a8975fd5419eb55 Claimed Product: 8bc3498a39fb2d290a8975fd5419eb55 Claimed Publisher: 8bc3498a39fb2d290a8975fd5419eb55

SHA 256: 6DDD0C3C4CC0A59E91964177139E979EF2D47C6C4645AADAC6A7A99A0DB16D12 MD5: e6daf677556826186b78b03d035be182 VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/6DDD0C3C4CC0A59E91964177139E979EF2D47C6C4645AADAC6A7A99A0DB16D12/analysis/

Typical Filename: e6daf677556826186b78b03d035be182 Claimed Product: e6daf677556826186b78b03d035be182 Claimed Publisher: e6daf677556826186b78b03d035be182

SHA 256: BCA737045DD0E165313B3C53654532B6F0BE5D09A699B17525010F98432A298F MD5: 5614eb6a8764ce3cb9054af371f03b55 VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/BCA737045DD0E165313B3C53654532B6F0BE5D09A699B17525010F98432A298F/analysis/

Typical Filename: jar_cache5360035341921924744.rar Claimed Product: jar_cache5360035341921924744.rar Claimed Publisher: jar_cache5360035341921924744.rar

SHA 256: E0B193D47609C9622AA018E81DA69C24B921F2BA682F3E18646A0D09EC63AC2B MD5: bf31a8d79f704f488e3dbcb6eea3b3e3 VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/E0B193D47609C9622AA018E81DA69C24B921F2BA682F3E18646A0D09EC63AC2B/analysis/

Typical Filename: klplmq.sys Claimed Product: klplmq.sys Claimed Publisher: klplmq.sys

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