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Newsletters: @RISK

@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

January 10, 2013
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@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 13, Num. 01

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked.

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CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
USEFUL EXPLANATIONS OF HOW NEW ATTACKS WORK
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST POPULAR MALWARE FILES 1/3/2013 - 1/9/2013
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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Attacks are occurring in the wild against the Adobe ColdFusion administrative API, allowing remote users to execute commands through some simple web queries. After being discovered by impacted administrators, Adobe issued a patch last Friday, which administrators are urged to apply as soon as possible.

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TRAINING UPDATE

- --SANS Security East 2013 New Orleans, LA January 16-23, 2013
11 courses. Bonus evening presentations include The Next Wave - Data Center Consolidation; Top Threats to Cloud for 2013; and Hacking Your Friends and Neighbors for Fun. Special Event: NetWars Tournament of Champions.
http://www.sans.org/event/security-east-2013

- --North American Industrial Controls Systems and SCADA Summit 2013
Lake Buena Vista, FL February 6-13, 2013
The only technical security and training program in ICS security - for program managers, control systems engineers, IT security professionals and critical infrastructure protection specialists from asset owning and operating organizations along with control systems and security vendors who have innovative solutions for improving security. Every attendee leaves with new tools and techniques they can put to work immediately. 8 courses. Bonus evening presentation: The SANS SCADA Dinner Theater Players Present: From Exposure to Closure - Act III.
http://www.sans.org/event/north-american-scada-2013

- --SANS Secure Singapore 2013 February 25-March 2, 2013
6 courses. Bonus evening presentation: Security of National eID (smartcard-based) Web Applications.
http://www.sans.org/event/singapore-2013

- --SANS 2013 Orlando, FL March 8-March 15, 2013
46 courses. Bonus evening presentations include Why Our Defenses Are Failing Us: One Click Is All It Takes ...; Human Nature and Information Security: Irrational and Extraneous Factors That Matter; and Over-Zealous Social Media Investigations: Beware the Privacy Monster.
http://www.sans.org/event/sans-2013

- --SANS Monterey 2013 Monterey, CA March 22-March 27, 2013
7 courses. Bonus evening presentations include Base64 Can Get You Pwned!; and The 13 Absolute Truths of Security.
http://www.sans.org/event/monterey-2013

- --Looking for training in your own community?
http://www.sans.org/community/

- --Save on On-Demand training (30 full courses) - See samples at
http://www.sans.org/ondemand/discounts.php#current

Plus Cairo, New Delhi, Scottsdale, Brussels, Johannesburg, and Canberra all in the next 90 days.

For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live: www.sans.org

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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE SOURCEFIRE VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

Title: ColdFusion Zero-Day Attack Allows Full Administrative Control
Description: A major vulnerability in Adobe's ColdFusion product was patched this week, after being discovered on Christmas day by system administrators noting intrusions in their logs. While details of the precise mechanism used by the exploit have been kept largely quiet, to help slow the spread of these attacks, the issue revolves around unauthenticated access to administrative APIs, which allows attackers to create scheduled jobs on the vulnerable system as a path to further code execution. Administrators should apply patches immediately, and also ensure that all remote access to administrative APIs are appropriately locked down.
Reference:
http://www.adobe.com/support/security/advisories/apsa13-01.html
http://www.carehart.org/blog/client/index.cfm/2013/1/2/Part2_serious_security_threat
http://forums.adobe.com/message/4962104
Snort SID: 25266, 25267
ClamAV: N/A

Title: Turktrust Certificate Authority Mishap Leads To Fraudulent Certificates for Google
Description: After discovering a fraudulent SSL certificate for "*.google.com" on Christmas Eve, the Google security team traced the issue to Turktrust, a Turkish certificate authority. Instead of issuing simple SSL certificates to a pair of entities, Turktrust had issued information sufficient to allow these parties to become intermediate authorities, which carry the full weight of trust of the parent authority. Those certificates and others based off of them were revoked promptly by Chrome, other major browser vendors have followed suit within the last week. The issue highlights the continuing difficulty of establishing proper trust relationships with SSL, as it is part of a string of fraudulent certificate issues discovered over the last year.
Reference:
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/2798897
http://googleonlinesecurity.blogspot.com/2013/01/enhancing-digital-certificate-security.html
http://www.securelist.com/en/blog/208194063/TURKTRUST_CA_Problems
Snort SID: 25263 25264 25265
ClamAV: N/A

Title: Asterisk vulnerability moves from denial-of-service to remote code execution
Description: An Asterisk security advisory released last week covering crashes due to large chunks of data received via SIP or HTTP, initially described as a denial-of-service only, has been upgraded to a remote code execution bug after a detailed writeup by researchers at Exodus Intelligence on Monday provided a straightforward, reliable method of manipulating memory in the necessary manner for code execution. While the researchers did not supply proof-of-concept exploit code, any attacker with memory manipulation skills will be able to craft their own exploit based on this new information, and attacks are presumed to be taking place in the wild at this point. Administrators should apply the available patch as soon as possible.
Reference:
http://blog.exodusintel.com/2013/01/07/who-was-phone/
http://downloads.asterisk.org/pub/security/AST-2012-014.html
Snort SID: 25276
ClamAV: N/A

Title: US Patent and Trademark Office seeks public comments on enhancing software patents
Description: While not strictly vulnerability-related themselves, software patents have a major impact on the security software industry as a whole, both through their traditional role in spurring innovation and in the more modern context of potentially keeping useful detection algorithms or techniques out of the hands of the public until well past the time that the malware-creation industry has moved to the next tactic. As this is a rare opportunity for members of the information security community to make their voices heard in a meaningful way, anyone with expertise and a relevant opinion is encouraged to participate in the process.
Reference:
https://www.federalregister.gov/articles/2013/01/03/2012-31594/request-for-comments-and-notice-of-roundtable-events-for-partnership-for-enhancement-of-quality-of
Snort SID: N/A
ClamAV: N/A

Title: Official Debian Wiki, Others Compromised Via MoinMoin Exploit
Description: A trivially exploitable file inclusion vulnerability in MoinMoin, a popular piece of Wiki software used by Debian and other major sites, was discovered in late December, and an announcement on the Debian-Devel mailing list last Friday noted that wiki.debian.org had been compromised via this vector. While the damage so far appears to be limited, and no source code appears to have been tainted, such a high-profile target falling victim to an attack like this is a reminder that no one is safe without proper patching and vigilance. Administrators running this service are urged to patch as soon as possible.
Reference:
http://moinmo.in/SecurityFixes
http://www.openwall.com/lists/oss-security/2012/12/29/6
http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-announce/2013/01/msg00000.html
Snort SID: 25286
ClamAV: N/A

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USEFUL EXPLANATIONS OF HOW NEW ATTACKS WORK

Crimeware author funds exploit buying spree:
http://krebsonsecurity.com/2013/01/crimeware-author-funds-exploit-buying-spree/

Cracking Windows password hashes with John the Ripper: http://raidersec.blogspot.com/2013/01/cracking-unix-passwords-with-john.html

Windows RT jailbroken: http://surfsec.wordpress.com/2013/01/06/circumventing-windows-rts-code-integrity-mechanism/

A peek inside a boutique cybercrime-friendly e-shop, part 6: http://blog.webroot.com/2013/01/07/a-peek-inside-a-boutique-cybercrime-friendly-e-shop-part-six/

DoS? Then who was phone? http://blog.exodusintel.com/2013/01/07/who-was-phone/

Suterusu rootkit: inline kernel function hooking on x86 and ARM: http://www.poppopret.org/?p=251

Advisories != Vulnerabilities, and how it impacts statistics: http://blog.osvdb.org/2012/12/31/advisories-vulnerabilities-and-how-it-affects-statistics

Historical OSINT: Profiling an OPSEC-unaware vendor of GSM/USB ATM skimmers and pinpads: http://ddanchev.blogspot.com/2013/01/historical-osint-profiling-opsec.html

What's the deal with the Cisco phone eavesdropping hack? http://www.terminal23.net/2013/01/whats_the_deal_with_the_cisco.html

Another stored XSS in Facebook.com, another $3,500: http://www.nirgoldshlager.com/2013/01/another-stored-xss-in-facebookcom.html

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RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM.

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: : CVE-2012-4792
Title: Microsoft Internet Explorer CDwnBindInfo Object Use-After-Free Vulnerability
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Use-after-free vulnerability in Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 through 8 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted web site that triggers access to an object that (1) was not properly allocated or (2) is deleted, as demonstrated by a CDwnBindInfo object, and exploited in the wild in December 2012.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: : CVE-2012-2176
Title: IBM Lotus Quickr 8.2 qp2.cab ActiveX Control Buffer Overflow Vulnerability
Vendor: IBM
Description: Multiple stack-based buffer overflows in a certain ActiveX control in qp2.cab in IBM Lotus Quickr 8.2 before 8.2.0.27-002a for Domino allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a long argument to the (1) Attachment_Times or (2) Import_Times method.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: : CVE-2012-2175
Title: IBM Lotus iNotes "Attachment_Times" ActiveX Buffer Overflow Vulnerability
Vendor: IBM
Description: Buffer overflow in the Attachment_Times method in a certain ActiveX control in dwa85W.dll in IBM Lotus iNotes 8.5.x before 8.5.3 FP2 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a long argument.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: : CVE-2012-0202
Title: IBM Cognos TM1 Buffer Overflow Vulnerability
Vendor: IBM
Description: Multiple stack-based buffer overflows in tm1admsd.exe in the Admin Server in IBM Cognos TM1 9.4.x and 9.5.x before 9.5.2 FP2 allow remote attackers to cause a denial of service (daemon crash) or possibly execute arbitrary code via crafted data.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: : CVE-2011-5227
Title: Enterasys NetSight nssyslogd.exe Buffer Overflow
Vendor: Enterasys
Description: Stack-based buffer overflow in the Syslog service (nssyslogd.exe) in Enterasys Network Management Suite (NMS) before 4.1.0.80 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a long PRIO field in a message to UDP port 514.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

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MOST POPULAR MALWARE FILES 1/3/2013 - 1/9/2013:
COMPILED BY SOURCEFIRE

SHA 256: 9267AAD92DEA47A6A8B2F734037239AB3376E47F969F8B97B64192A820B2A86F
MD5: 3ff52cee72b936c56b4fbb9f970ece74
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/9267AAD92DEA47A6A8B2F734037239AB3376E47F969F8B97B64192A820B2A86F/analysis/

Typical Filename: wintdiyx.exe
Claimed Product: wintdiyx.exe
Claimed Publisher: wintdiyx.exe

SHA 256: DF83A0D6940600E4C4954F4874FCD4DD73E781E6690C3BF56F51C95285484A3C
MD5: 25aa9bb549ecc7bb6100f8d179452508
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/DF83A0D6940600E4C4954F4874FCD4DD73E781E6690C3BF56F51C95285484A3C/analysis/

Typical Filename: File_0_2.ok
Claimed Product: File_0_2.ok
Claimed Publisher: File_0_2.ok

SHA 256: 0585CDC0293EA6B8C86482608C08C583BF32E12CFA59D143F4A0411D2894C0F3
MD5: b3b9295385f4e74d023181e5a24f4d83
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/0585CDC0293EA6B8C86482608C08C583BF32E12CFA59D143F4A0411D2894C0F3/analysis/

Typical Filename: Keygen.exe
Claimed Product: Keygen.exe
Claimed Publisher: Keygen.exe

SHA 256: E0B193D47609C9622AA018E81DA69C24B921F2BA682F3E18646A0D09EC63AC2B
MD5: bf31a8d79f704f488e3dbcb6eea3b3e3
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/E0B193D47609C9622AA018E81DA69C24B921F2BA682F3E18646A0D09EC63AC2B/analysis/

Typical Filename: lmlkl.sys
Claimed Product: lmlkl.sys
Claimed Publisher: lmlkl.sys

SHA 256: B7B28E855B8C6225C605330760FF4DC407EFC83F72F1A04E974A72189D0F1D96
MD5: 573b6cc513e1b7cd9e35b491eacc38f3
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/B7B28E855B8C6225C605330760FF4DC407EFC83F72F1A04E974A72189D0F1D96/analysis/

Typical Filename: 573b6cc513e1b7cd9e35b491eacc38f3
Claimed Product: 573b6cc513e1b7cd9e35b491eacc38f3
Claimed Publisher: 573b6cc513e1b7cd9e35b491eacc38f3

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