Newsletters: @RISK

@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

October 18, 2012
=============================================================

@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 12, Num. 42

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked.

=============================================================

CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
USEFUL EXPLANATIONS OF HOW NEW ATTACKS WORK
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST POPULAR MALWARE FILES 10/11/2012 - 10/18/12
============================================================

TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK:
The bank DDoS attacks being generated by the ?itsoknoproblembro? script have continued apace over the last week, with rumors that defense contractors and others outside the banking industry are to be targeted soon.

******************** Sponsored By SANS ********************

Learn the results of the SANS Mobility Security Policy and Controls Survey in a two-part webcast series held at 1 PM EST on Tuesday, October 23: Part I Wish Lists and Policies
https://www.sans.org/info/115562 and Thursday, October 25: Part II BYOD Security Practices https://www.sans.org/info/115577
Register for these webcasts and receive an Advanced Copy of the associated whitepaper report developed by SANS analysts Kevin Johnson and Tony DeLaGrange!

============================================================

TRAINING UPDATE

- - --SANS Chicago 2012 Chicago, IL October 27-November 5, 2012
9 courses. Bonus evening presentations include Securing the Kids and Securing the Human.
http://www.sans.org/chicago-2012/

- - --SANS Sydney 2012 Sydney, Australia November 12-20, 2012
5 courses.
http://www.sans.org/event/sydney-2012

- - --SANS San Diego 2012 San Diego, CA November 12-17, 2012
7 courses. Bonus evening presentations include Cloud Computing and the 20 Critical Security Controls; and Practical, Efficient Unix Auditing (with Scripts).
http://www.sans.org/event/san-diego-2012

- - --SANS London 2012 London November 26-December 3, 2012
16 courses.
http://www.sans.org/london-2012/

- - --SANS Cyber Defense Initiative 2012 Washington, DC December 7-16, 2012
28 courses. Bonus evening presentations include Gamification: Hacking Your Brain for Better Learning; Building a Portable Private Cloud; and Tactical SecOps: A Guide to precision Security Operations.
http://www.sans.org/event/cyber-defense-initiative-2012

- - --SANS Security East 2013 New Orleans, LA January 16-23, 2013
11 courses. Bonus evening presentations include The Next Wave - Data Center Consolidation; Top Threats to Cloud for 2013; and Hacking Your Friends and Neighbors for Fun.
http://www.sans.org/event/security-east-2013

- - --NA SCADA and Process Control Summit 2013 Lake Buena Vista, FL February 6-13, 2013
The Summit brings together the program managers, control systems engineers, IT security professionals and critical infrastructure protection specialists from asset owning and operating organizations along with control systems and security vendors who have innovative solutions for improving security. The Security Summit is an action conference designed so that every attendee leaves with new tools and techniques they can put to work immediately when they return to their office. The Summit is the place to come and interact with top SCADA experts, key government personnel, researchers and asset owners at the multiple special networking events.
http://www.sans.org/event/north-american-scada-2013

- - --Looking for training in your own community?
http://www.sans.org/community/

- - --Save on On-Demand training (30 full courses) - See samples at
http://www.sans.org/ondemand/discounts.php#current

Plus Bangalore, Johannesburg, Seoul, Tokyo, Barcelona, and Cairo all in the next 90 days.
For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live: www.sans.org

********************** Sponsored Links: *********************

1) SANS Webcast: Blind as a Bat? Or Eagle Vision Into Encrypted Packets? With Dave Shackleford & Tony Zirnoon. Nov 5, 2012.
https://www.sans.org/info/115567

2) SANS Webcast: Why Deception Matters in Today's Web Attacks. With John Bumgarner & David Koretz. Nov 8, 2012.
https://www.sans.org/info/115572

============================================================
NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE SOURCEFIRE VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

Title: miniFlame cyberespionage malware
Description: A new piece of malware likely used for cyberespionage has been discovered during an analysis of the Flame command and control servers. It is called ?miniFlame? due the fact that it exhibits strong similarities to Flame, another piece of spying malware discovered earlier in 2012. Flame, along with another piece of malware called Gauss, have already infected over 10,000 computers worldwide. While minFlame was found on machines that were already infected with Flame and Gauss, it has been detected on only a dozen computers, primarily in the Middle East. This leads us to believe that miniFlame is part of a targeted attack rather than a broad campaign.
Reference:
https://www.securelist.com/en/analysis/204792247/miniFlame_aka_SPE_Elvis_and_his_friends
http://vrt-blog.snort.org/2012/05/flame-malware-targeted-attacks-and-you.html
http://vrt-blog.snort.org/2012/08/gauss-finfisher-latest-targeted-malware.html
Snort SID: 23019 through 23038, 23824
ClamAV: Worm.Flame.* , W32.Trojan.Gauss.*, WIN.Trojan.MiniFlame.*

Title: ?itsoknoproblembro? and Recent DDoS Attacks
Description: The bank DDoS attacks being generated by the ?itsoknoproblembro? script have continued apace over the last week, with rumors that defense contractors and others outside the banking industry are to be targeted soon. As the attacks have worn on, additional details have come to light about the mechanisms being used, which are allowing potential targets to better protect themselves. Specifically, the script in question has been observed in the wild on compromised web servers with high-bandwidth links, and some of the patterns being used in the DDoS attacks have come to light as well.
Reference:
http://vrt-blog.snort.org/2012/10/itsoknoproblembro-vrt-has-you-covered.html
Snort SID: 24388 - 24396
ClamAV: PHP.Trojan.itsoknoproblembro*

Title: Multiple Remote Attacks in Steam Browser URIs
Description: A report was released on Monday by a pair of respected researchers detailing multiple vulnerabilities in the Steam game URI handler, including potential remote code execution, the ability to write files to the victim host directly, etc. The researchers strongly suggest disabling this URI handler until a patch has been issued by Steam. While attacks have yet to be directly observed in the wild, the trivial nature of certain types of exploitation all but ensures that it will be abused soon. Network administrators should consider Snort SID 24397, which simply blocks all Steam URIs on a given network.
Reference:
http://revuln.com/files/ReVuln_Steam_Browser_Protocol_Insecurity.pdf
Snort SID: 24397
ClamAV: N/A

============================================================
USEFUL EXPLANATIONS OF HOW NEW ATTACKS WORK

mDNS - Telling the world about you (and your device):
http://blog.spiderlabs.com/2012/10/still-writing-mdns-telling-the-world-about-you-and-your-device.html

Phishing for Apple IDs:
http://community.websense.com/blogs/securitylabs/archive/2012/10/08/my-apple-id-has-been-suspended.aspx

iOS 6 kernel security: a hacker's guide:
http://conference.hackinthebox.org/hitbsecconf2012kul/materials/D1T2%20-%20Mark%20Dowd%20&%20Tarjei%20Mandt%20-%20iOS6%20Security.pdf

Hacking Huawei:
http://conference.hackinthebox.org/hitbsecconf2012kul/materials/D2T3%20-%20Felix%20FX%20Lindner%20-%20Hacking%20Huawei%20VRP.pdf

Spear phishing in action:
http://blog.fireeye.com/research/2012/10/spear-phishing-in-action.html

By fixing a security vulnerability, Facebook created a new one:
http://0xfeedface.org/blog/lattera/2012-10-15/facebook-removes-reverse-phone-lookup-numbers-registered-two-factor

=========================================================
RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM.

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: : CVE-2012-0507
Title: Oracle Java SE Remote Java Runtime Environment Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Oracle
Description: Unspecified vulnerability in the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) component in Oracle Java SE 7 Update 2 and earlier, 6 Update 30 and earlier, and 5.0 Update 33 and earlier allows remote attackers to affect confidentiality, integrity, and availability via unknown vectors related to Concurrency.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: : CVE-2012-4969
Title: Microsoft Internet Explorer 7/8/9 contain a use-after-free vulnerability
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Microsoft Internet Explorer versions 7, 8, and 9 are susceptible to a use-after-free vulnerability that may result in remote code execution.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.7 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:P)

ID: : CVE-2012-4681
Title: Java 7 Applet Remote Code Execution
Vendor: Oracle
Description: Oracle Java 7 Update 6, and possibly other versions, allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted applet, as exploited in the wild in August 2012 using Gondzz.class and Gondvv.class.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 6.8 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P)

ID: : CVE-2012-1535
Title: Adobe Flash Player 11.3 Font Parsing Code Execution
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Unspecified vulnerability in Adobe Flash Player before 11.3.300.271 on Windows and Mac OS X and before 11.2.202.238 on Linux allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (application crash) via crafted SWF content, as exploited in the wild in August 2012 with SWF content in a Word document.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: : CVE-2012-2516
Title: GE INTELLIGENT PLATFORMS PROFICY HTML HELP VULNERABILITIES
Vendor: GE
Description: An ActiveX control in KeyHelp.ocx in KeyWorks KeyHelp Module (aka the HTML Help component), as used in GE Intelligent Platforms Proficy Historian 3.1, 3.5, 4.0, and 4.5; Proficy HMI/SCADA iFIX 5.0 and 5.1; Proficy Pulse 1.0; Proficy Batch Execution 5.6; SI7 I/O Driver 7.20 through 7.42; and other products, allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via crafted input, related to a "command injection vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

=========================================================
MOST POPULAR MALWARE FILES 10/11/2012 - 10/18/12::
COMPILED BY SOURCEFIRE

SHA 256: 0585CDC0293EA6B8C86482608C08C583BF32E12CFA59D143F4A0411D2894C0F3
MD5: b3b9295385f4e74d023181e5a24f4d83
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/0585CDC0293EA6B8C86482608C08C583BF32E12CFA59D143F4A0411D2894C0F3/analysis/

Typical Filename: activator.exe.xxx
Claimed Product: activator.exe.xxx
Claimed Publisher: activator.exe.xxx

SHA 256: DF83A0D6940600E4C4954F4874FCD4DD73E781E6690C3BF56F51C95285484A3C
MD5: 25aa9bb549ecc7bb6100f8d179452508
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/DF83A0D6940600E4C4954F4874FCD4DD73E781E6690C3BF56F51C95285484A3C/analysis/

Typical Filename:
smona_df83a0d6940600e4c4954f4874fcd4dd73e781e6690c3bf56f51c95285484a3c.bin
Claimed Product:
smona_df83a0d6940600e4c4954f4874fcd4dd73e781e6690c3bf56f51c95285484a3c.bin
Claimed Publisher:
smona_df83a0d6940600e4c4954f4874fcd4dd73e781e6690c3bf56f51c95285484a3c.bin

SHA 256: 9A09BCC1402050E371E13056B606BBDE8DF15CD87732B28C8BDDB863B1C65302
MD5: 923c4d13bee966654f4fe4a8945af0ae
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/9A09BCC1402050E371E13056B606BBDE8DF15CD87732B28C8BDDB863B1C65302/analysis/

Typical Filename: winhsebb.exe
Claimed Product: winhsebb.exe
Claimed Publisher: winhsebb.exe

SHA 256: AA0BBAECB678868E1E7F57C7CA9D61B608B3D788BE490790EB1D148BEADF4615
MD5: 3291e1603715c47a23b60a8bf2ca73db
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/AA0BBAECB678868E1E7F57C7CA9D61B608B3D788BE490790EB1D148BEADF4615/analysis/

Typical Filename: 123
Claimed Product: 123
Claimed Publisher: 123

=============================================================

(c) 2012. All rights reserved. The information contained in this newsletter, including any external links, is provided "AS IS," with no express or implied warranty, for informational purposes only.

Please feel free to share this with interested parties via email, but no posting is allowed on web sites. For a free subscription, (and for free posters) or to update a current subscription, visit https://www.sans.org/account