Newsletters: @RISK

@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

September 13, 2012
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@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 12, Num. 37

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked.

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CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
USEFUL EXPLANATIONS OF HOW NEW ATTACKS WORK
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST POPULAR MALWARE FILES 9/5/2012 - 9/11/2012
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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Detailed research from the University of Cambridge was released this week on weaknesses in the random number scheme used as part of the process of securing chip-and-pin transactions. The vulnerability allows for simple man-in-the-middle attacks, likely impacts a large number of banks and device vendors, and there are indications that the technique is already being used by criminals in the wild.

******************** Sponsored By SANS ********************

New Analyst paper in the SANS.ORG Reading Room: Data Center Server Security: A Review of McAfee Server Security Solutions
http://www.sans.org/info/113322

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TRAINING UPDATE

**Featured Conference 1: National Cybersecurity Innovation Conference, Oct 3-5, Baltimore
- featuring briefings by and exhibits all the vendors that have tools for automating the 20 critical controls and for continuous monitoring.
www.sans.org/ncic-2012

**Featured Conference 2: The IT Security Automation Conference (ITSAC) Oct 3-5, Baltimore
- featuring DHS and other government leaders providing a clear picture of the changes coming in federal cybersecurity - - - especially in cloud and continuous monitoring. Not to miss. We try never to promote conferences where SANS doesn't control the program, but is an exception because the DHS and NIST folks have done a great job!
https://itsac.g2planet.com/itsac2012/

- --SANS Capital Region Fall 2012
http://www.sans.org/capital-region-fall-2012/

- --SANS Baltimore 2012 October 15-20, 2012
6 courses. Bonus evening presentations include Infosec Rock Star: How to be a More Effective Security Professional.
http://www.sans.org/baltimore-2012/

- --SANS Network Security 2012, Las Vegas, NV September 16-24, 2012
43 courses. Bonus evening presentations include Evolving Threats; New Legal Methods for Collecting and Authenticating Cyber Investigation Evidence; and Intrusion Detection is Dead.
http://www.sans.org/network-security-2012/

- --SANS Forensics Prague 2012 Prague, Czech Republic October 7-13, 2012
6 courses. Bonus evening presentations include Big Brother Forensics:
Location-based Artifacts.
http://www.sans.org/forensics-prague-2012/

- --SANS Singapore 2012 Singapore, Singapore October 8-20, 2012
5 courses, including the new Virtualization and Private Cloud Security course, and Advanced Forensics and Incident Response.
Don't miss this opportunity to upgrade your IT skills, work toward your GIAC security certification, and network with other top information security professionals.
http://www.sans.org/singapore-sos-2012/

- --SANS Seattle 2012 Seattle, WA October 14-19, 2012
5 courses. Bonus evening presentations include What's New in Windows 8 and Server 2012?; Assessing Deception; and Linux Forensics for Non-Linux Folks.
http://www.sans.org/seattle-2012/

- --SANS Chicago 2012 Chicago, IL October 27-November 5, 2012
9 courses. Bonus evening presentations include Securing the Kids and Securing the Human.
http://www.sans.org/chicago-2012/

- --SANS London 2012 London, UK November 26-December 3, 2012
16 courses.
http://www.sans.org/london-2012/

- --Looking for training in your own community?
http://www.sans.org/community/

- --Save on On-Demand training (30 full courses) - See samples at
http://www.sans.org/ondemand/discounts.php#current

Plus Dubai, San Diego, Johannesburg, Seoul, Tokyo, and Barcelona all in the next 90 days.

For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live: www.sans.org

********************** Sponsored Link: *********************

1) SANS Analyst Webcast: Peek into Oracle Identity Governance Solutions reviewed by Senior SANS Analyst, Dave Shackleford Thursday, September 27, 2012, at a SPECIAL TIME of 9 am Pacific/12 Noon Eastern
http://www.sans.org/info/113327

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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE SOURCEFIRE VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

Title: Chip and PIN random number vulnerability
Description: Researchers at the University of Cambridge recently discovered that random numbers which play a crucial role in chip-and-pin card transactions throughout the world are actually predictable in many cases, allowing for straightforward man-in-the-middle attacks against virtually any electronic payment system in the world. The research began after individuals who had been the victim of fraudulent transactions against them brought the cases to the researchers' attention, indicating that criminals are already exploiting this vulnerability in the wild.
Reference: http://www.lightbluetouchpaper.org/2012/09/10/chip-and-skim-cloning-emv-cards-with-the-pre-play-attack/
Snort SID: N/A
ClamAV: N/A

Title: Dorifel/Quervar/XDocCrypt causing major damage worldwide
Description: This malware of many names is the latest example of a recent trend of more destructive payloads. Delivered via a variety of mechanisms, including exploit kits and social engineering scams, Dorifel searches out all of the Microsoft Word documents on an infected system and then encrypts them, rendering them unusable for the average user. Infections are widespread enough to have taken entire offices offline during cleanup, particularly in the Netherlands. While initial media reports about the malware have slowed, the Sourcefire VRT has information indicating that this destructive piece of software is still actively spreading in the wild.
Reference: http://hitmanpro.wordpress.com/2012/08/11/joint-strike-force-against-dorifel/
http://blog.eset.com/2012/08/21/quervar-induc-c-reincarnate
http://vrt-blog.snort.org/2012/09/dorifel-aka-quervar-xdoccrypt.html
Snort SID: 24143 - 24146
ClamAV: WIN.Worm.Dorifel

Title: GoDaddy DNS outage temporarily kills millions of web sites worldwide
Description: Major hosting provider GoDaddy was suffered a major outage on Monday, with their DNS services worldwide taken offline. As they provide DNS services for millions of web sites worldwide, this resulted in a major Internet outage for thousands upon thousands of innocent parties. Initial reports claimed that it was a hack, although GoDaddy later claimed it was due to internal network issues. Regardless, GoDaddy's lack of geographical and AS-based redundancy for its DNS service highlights just how vulnerable many sites are to attacks if they lack proper disaster recovery and redundancy plans.
Reference: http://techcrunch.com/2012/09/11/godaddy-says-it-wasnt-anonymous-it-wasnt-a-hack-it-wasnt-a-ddos-it-was-internal-network-issues/
http://blog.rootshell.be/2012/09/11/godaddy-outage-rfc-for-dummies/
Snort SID: N/A
ClamAV: N/A

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USEFUL EXPLANATIONS OF HOW NEW ATTACKS WORK

Exclusive: the real source of Apple device IDs leaked by Anonymous last week:
http://redtape.nbcnews.com/_news/2012/09/10/13781440-exclusive-the-real-source-of-apple-device-ids-leaked-by-anonymous-last-week

Huge collection of vulnerable apps/OSes/tools:
http://sourceforge.net/projects/virtualhacking/files/

Google native client: attack surface and vulnerabilities, part 4:
http://blog.leafsr.com/2012/09/google-native-client-attack-surface-and.html

Cybercriminals abuse Skype's SMS sending feature, release DIY SMS flooders:
http://blog.webroot.com/2012/09/07/cybercriminals-abuse-skypes-sms-sending-feature-release-diy-sms-flooders/

New Metasploit exploit: SAP NetWeaver CVE-2012-2611
https://community.rapid7.com/community/metasploit/blog/2012/09/06/cve-2012-2611-the-walk-to-the-shell

Measuring and fingerprinting click spam in ad networks:
http://research.microsoft.com/pubs/168962/sigcomm12-clickspam.pdf

Penetration testing for iPhone applications, part 3:
http://resources.infosecinstitute.com/iphone-penetration-testing-3/

On the feasibility of side-channel attacks on brain-computer interfaces:
https://www.usenix.org/conference/usenixsecurity12/feasibility-side-channel-attacks-brain-computer-interfaces

BitFloor exchange robbed of $250,000, all trading halted:
http://www.zdnet.com/bitfloor-exchange-robbed-of-us250000-all-trading-halted-7000003736/

Widely used fingerprint reader exposes Windows passwords in seconds:
http://arstechnica.com/security/2012/09/windows-passwords-exposed/

Gauss malware detection tool released by Iranian CERT:
http://thehackernews.com/2012/09/gauss-malware-detection-tool-released.html

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RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM.

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: : CVE-2012-4681
Title: Java 7 Applet Remote Code Execution
Vendor: Oracle
Description: Oracle Java 7 Update 6, and possibly other versions, allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted applet, as exploited in the wild in August 2012 using Gondzz.class and Gondvv.class.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 6.8 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P)

ID: : CVE-2012-1535
Title: Adobe Flash Player 11.3 Font Parsing Code Execution
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Unspecified vulnerability in Adobe Flash Player before 11.3.300.271 on Windows and Mac OS X and before 11.2.202.238 on Linux allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (application crash) via crafted SWF content, as exploited in the wild in August 2012 with SWF content in a Word document.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: : CVE-2012-3579
Title: Symantec Messaging Gateway SSH Default Password Security Bypass Vulnerability
Vendor: Symantec
Description: Symantec Messaging Gateway before 10.0 has a default password for an unspecified account, which makes it easier for remote attackers to obtain privileged access via an SSH session.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.9 (AV:A/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: : CVE-2012-4577
Title: Korenix Jetport 5600 Series Default Credentials Authentication Bypass Vulnerability
Vendor: Korenix
Description: The Linux firmware image on (1) Korenix Jetport 5600 series serial-device servers and (2) ORing Industrial DIN-Rail serial-device servers has a hardcoded password of "password" for the root account, which allows remote attackers to obtain administrative access via an SSH session.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: : CVE-2007-1036
Title: JBoss DeploymentFileRepository WAR Deployment (via JMXInvokerServlet)
Vendor: JBoss
Description: The default configuration of JBoss does not restrict access to the (1) console and (2) web management interfaces, which allows remote attackers to bypass authentication and gain administrative access via direct requests.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.5 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P)

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MOST POPULAR MALWARE FILES 9/5/2012 - 9/11/2012:
COMPILED BY SOURCEFIRE

SHA 256: CB85D393C4E0DB5A1514C21F9C51BA4C12D82B7FABD9724616758AE528A5B16B
MD5: 7961a56c11ba303f20f6a59a506693ff
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/CB85D393C4E0DB5A1514C21F9C51BA4C12D82B7FABD9724616758AE528A5B16B/analysis/
Typical Filename: file-4435098_exe
Claimed Product: My Web Search Bar for Internet Explorer and FireFox
Claimed Publisher: MyWebSearch.com

SHA 256: 9A09BCC1402050E371E13056B606BBDE8DF15CD87732B28C8BDDB863B1C65302
MD5: 923c4d13bee966654f4fe4a8945af0ae
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/9A09BCC1402050E371E13056B606BBDE8DF15CD87732B28C8BDDB863B1C65302/analysis/
Typical Filename: winhsebb.exe
Claimed Product: winhsebb.exe
Claimed Publisher: winhsebb.exe

SHA 256: DF83A0D6940600E4C4954F4874FCD4DD73E781E6690C3BF56F51C95285484A3C
MD5: 25aa9bb549ecc7bb6100f8d179452508
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/DF83A0D6940600E4C4954F4874FCD4DD73E781E6690C3BF56F51C95285484A3C/analysis/
Typical Filename: smona_df83a0d6940600e4c4954f4874fcd4dd73e781e6690c3bf56f51c95285484a3c.bin
Claimed Product: smona_df83a0d6940600e4c4954f4874fcd4dd73e781e6690c3bf56f51c95285484a3c.bin
Claimed Publisher: smona_df83a0d6940600e4c4954f4874fcd4dd73e781e6690c3bf56f51c95285484a3c.bin

SHA 256: AA0BBAECB678868E1E7F57C7CA9D61B608B3D788BE490790EB1D148BEADF4615
MD5: 3291e1603715c47a23b60a8bf2ca73db
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/AA0BBAECB678868E1E7F57C7CA9D61B608B3D788BE490790EB1D148BEADF4615/analysis/
Typical Filename: 123
Claimed Product: 123
Claimed Publisher: 123

SHA 256: 0585CDC0293EA6B8C86482608C08C583BF32E12CFA59D143F4A0411D2894C0F3
MD5: b3b9295385f4e74d023181e5a24f4d83
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/0585CDC0293EA6B8C86482608C08C583BF32E12CFA59D143F4A0411D2894C0F3/analysis/
= Typical Filename: activator.exe.xxx
Claimed Product: activator.exe.xxx
Claimed Publisher: activator.exe.xxx

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