FOR408: Windows Forensic Analysis
Master Windows Forensics : What Do You Want to Uncover Today?
Every organization will deal with cyber-crime occurring on the latest Windows operating systems. Analysts will investigate crimes including fraud, insider threats, industrial espionage, traditional crimes, and computer hacking. Government agencies use media exploitation of Windows systems to recover key intelligence available on adversary systems. To help solve these cases, organizations are hiring digital forensic professionals, investigators, and agents to uncover what happened on a system.
FOR408: Windows Forensic Analysis focuses on a comprehensive and deep analysis of the latest Microsoft Windows operating systems. In this intermediate course, you will learn directly how forensic analysts track the second-by-second trail left behind by evildoers used in successful criminal prosecution, incident response, media exploitation or civil litigation.
Proper analysis requires real data for students to examine. The completely updated FOR408 course trains digital forensic analysts through a series of new hands-on laboratory exercises that incorporate evidence found on the latest Microsoft technologies (Windows 8.1, Office365, Skydrive, Sharepoint, Exchange Online, and Windows Phone). This will ensure that students are prepared to investigate the latest trends and capabilities they might encounter. In addition, students will have labs that cover both Windows XP and Windows 7 artifacts.
FOR408 Windows Forensic Analysis will teach you to:
- Conduct in-depth forensic analysis of Windows operating systems and media exploitation focusing on Windows 7, Windows 8/8.1, XP, and Windows Server 2008/2012
- Identify artifact and evidence locations that will answer key questions, including questions about program execution, file opening, external device usage, geo-location, file download, anti-forensics, and system usage
- Focus your capabilities on analysis instead of how to use a specific tool
- Extract key answers by utilizing proper analysis via a variety of free, open-source, and commercial tools in the Windows SIFT Workstation
Updated FOR408 Course in 2014: This course utilizes a brand-new Windows 8.1 based case exercise that took over 6 months to create the data. Realistic example case data takes months to create in real time correctly. The example case is a Windows 8.1 based image that has the subject utilize Windows Phone, Office 365, Sharepoint, MS Portal Online, Skydrive/Onedrive, Dropbox, and USB external devices. Our development team spent months creating an incredibly realistic scenario. The case demonstrates the latest technologies an investigator would encounter analyzing a Windows operating system. The brand new case workbook, will detail the step-by-step each investigator could follow to examine the latest technologies including Windows 8.1.
FIGHT CRIME. UNRAVEL INCIDENTS...ONE BYTE AT A TIME
- Windows Operating Systems (XP, Vista, Win7, Win8/8.1, Server 2008/2012)
- Windows File Systems (NTFS, FAT, exFAT)
- Advanced Evidence Acquisition Tools and Techniques
- Registry Forensics
- Windows Artifact Analysis
- Facebook, Gmail, Hotmail, Yahoo Chat and Webmail Analysis
- E-Mail Forensics (Host, Server, Web)
- Microsoft Office Document Analysis
- Windows Link File Investigation
- Windows Recycle Bin Analysis
- File and Picture Metadata Tracking and Examination
- Prefetch Analysis
- Event Log File Analysis
- Firefox, Chrome, and Internet Explorer Browser Forensics
- Deleted File Recovery
- String Searching and File Carving
- Examination of Cases Involving Windows XP, Vista, Windows 7, and Windows 8/8.1
- Media Analysis and Exploitation involving:
- Tracking user communications using a Windows PC (e-mail, chat, IM, webmail)
- Identifying if and how the suspect downloaded a specific file to the PC
- Determining the exact time and number of times a suspect executed a program
- Showing when any file was first and last opened by a suspect
- Determining if a suspect had knowledge of a specific file
- Showing the exact physical location of the system
- Tracking and analysis of external and USB devices
- Showing how the suspect logged on to the machine via the console, RDP, or network
- Recovering and examining browser artifacts, even those used in a private browsing mode
- Discovering utilization of anti-forensics, including file wiping, time manipulation, and program removal
- The Course Is Fully Updated to Include Latest Windows 8.1 and Server 2012 Examinations
|FOR408.1: Windows Digital Forensics and Advanced Data Triage|
Focus: Modern techniques in digital forensics on Windows systems. Triage-based acquisition techniques. Stream- and file-based extraction techniques. Evidence mounting and examination.
The Windows Forensics course starts with an examination of digital forensics in today's interconnected environments and discusses challenges associated with mobile devices, tablets, cloud storage, and modern Windows operating systems. We will discuss how modern hard drives, such as Solid State Devices (SSD), can affect the digital forensics acquisition process and how analysts need to adapt to overcome the introduction of these new technologies.
Hard drive sizes are increasingly more difficult to handle appropriately in digital cases. Being able to acquire data in an efficient and forensically sound manner is critically important to every investigator today. Most basic analysts can easily image a hard drive using a write blocker. In this course, we will review the core techniques while introducing new triage-based acquisition and extraction capabilities that will increase the speed and efficiency of the acquisition process. We will demonstrate how to acquire memory, the NTFS MFT, Windows logs, Registry, and key files that will take minutes to acquire instead of the hours or days currently spent on acquisition.
We will also begin processing our collected evidence using stream-based and file-carving-based extraction capabilities that employ both commercial and open-source tool and techniques. Seasoned investigators will need to know how to target the specific data they need in order to begin to answer key questions in their case.
CPE/CMU Credits: 6
|FOR408.2: Core Windows Forensics Part I: Registry and USB Device analysis|
FOCUS: Windows XP, Windows 7, and Windows 8/8.1 Registry Analysis and USB Device Forensics.
Our journey continues with the Windows Registry, where the digital forensic investigator will learn how to discover critical user and system information pertinent to almost any investigation. Each examiner will learn how to navigate and examine the Registry to obtain user profile data and system data. The course teaches forensic investigators how to prove that a specific user performed key word searches, ran specific programs, opened and saved files, perused folders, and used removable devices.
Removable storage device investigations are often a key part of performing digital forensics. We will show you how to perform in-depth USB device examinations on Windows 8, Windows 7, Vista, and Windows XP machines. You will learn how to determine when a storage device was first and last plugged in, its vendor/make/model, and even the unique serial number of the device used.
Throughout the section, investigators will use their skills in a real hands-on case, exploring evidence and analyzing evidence.
CPE/CMU Credits: 6
Registry Forensics In-Depth
|FOR408.3: Core Windows Forensics Part II - E-Mail Forensics|
Focus: You will learn how major forensic suites can facilitate and expedite the investigative process, and how to recover and analyze e-mail, the most popular form of communication. Client-based, server-based, mobile, and web-based e-mail forensic analysis are discussed in-depth.
Depending on the type of investigation and authorization, a wealth of evidence can be unearthed through the analysis of e-mail files. Recovered e-mail can bring excellent corroborating information to an investigation, and its informality often provides very incriminating evidence. It is common for users to have e-mail that exists locally on their workstation, on their company e-mail server, in the private cloud, and in multiple webmail accounts.
This section discusses what types of information can be relevant to an investigation, where to find e-mail files, and how to use forensic tools to facilitate the analysis process. We will find that the analysis process is similar across different types of e-mail stores, but the real work takes place in the preparation - finding and extracting the e-mail files from a variety of different sources.
CPE/CMU Credits: 6
|FOR408.4: Core Windows Forensics Part III - Windows Artifact and Log File Analysis|
Focus: Suspects unknowingly create hundreds of files that link back to their actions on a system. You will learn how to examine key files such as shortcut (LNK) files, Windows prefetch, pagefile/system memory, and more. The latter part of the section centers on examining Windows event log files, demonstrating their usefulness in both simple and complex cases.
Being able to show the first and last time a file was opened is a critical analysis skill. Utilizing shortcut (LNK) and jumplist databases, we are able to easily pinpoint which file was opened and when. We will demonstrate how to examine the pagefile, system memory, and unallocated space, all difficult-to-access locations that can offer the critical data for your case.
Windows log file analysis has solved more cases than possibly any other type of analysis. Understanding the locations and content of these files is crucial to the success of any type of investigator. Many investigators overlook these files because they do not have adequate knowledge or tools to get the job done. The last part of the section will arm each investigator with the core knowledge and capability to maintain this crucial skill for many years to come.
CPE/CMU Credits: 6
Memory, Pagefile, and Unallocated Space Analysis
Forensicating Files Containing Critical Digital Forensic Evidence
Windows Event Log Analysis
|FOR408.5: Core Windows Forensics Part IV: Web Browser Forensics- Firefox, Internet Explorer, and Chrome|
Focus: This section looks at Internet Explorer, Firefox, and Chrome Web Browser digital forensics. You will learn how to examine exactly what individuals did while surfing via their Web browser. The results may give you pause the next time you use the Web!
With the increasing use of the Web and the shift toward Web-based applications and cloud computing, browser forensic analysis is a critical skill. During this section, the investigator will comprehensively explore Web browser evidence created during the use of Internet Explorer, Firefox, and Google Chrome. The hands-on skills taught here, such as SQLite and ESE database parsing, allow investigators to extend these methods to nearly any browser they encounter. The analyst will learn how to examine every major artifact stored by the browser, including cookies, visit and download history, Internet cache files, browser extensions, and form data. We will show you how to find these files and identify the common mistakes investigators make when interpreting browser artifacts. You will also learn how to analyze some of the more obscure browser artifacts such as session restore, tracking cookies, and private browsing remnants.
Throughout the section, investigators will use their skills in real hands-on cases, exploring evidence created by Chrome, Firefox, and Internet Explorer along with Windows Operating System artifacts.
CPE/CMU Credits: 6
|FOR408.6: Windows Forensic Challenge|
Focus: This section revolves around a Digital Forensic Challenge based on Windows Vista/7. It is a capstone exercise for every artifact discussed in the class. You will use this section to consolidate the skills that you have learned over the past week.
Nothing will prepare you more as an investigator than a full hands-on challenge that requires you to use the skills and knowledge presented throughout the week. In the morning, you will have the option to work in teams on a real forensic case. Students will be provided evidence to analyze and the exercise will step you through the entire case flow, including proper acquisition, analysis, and reporting in preparation for a possible trial. Teams will work on the case with the objective of profiling computer usage and discovering critical pieces of evidence to present during the trial.
This complex case will involve an investigation into one of the most recent versions of the Windows Operating System. The evidence is real and provides the most realistic training opportunity currently available. Solving the case will require that students use all of the skills gained from each of the previous sections.
The section will conclude with a mock trial involving presentations of the evidence collected. The team with the best in-class presentation and short write-up wins the challenge...and the case!
CPE/CMU Credits: 6
Digital Forensic Case
!!IMPORTANT - BRING YOUR OWN LAPTOP CONFIGURED USING THESE DIRECTIONS!!
A properly configured system is required for each student participating in this course. Before coming to class, carefully read and follow these instructions exactly.
You can use any 64-bit version of Windows, MAC OSX, or Linux as your core operating system that also can install and run VMware virtualization products. You also must have 8 GB of RAM or higher for the VM to function properly in the class.
It is critical that your CPU and operating system support 64-bit so that our 64-bit guest virtual machine will run on your laptop. VMware provides a free tool for Windows and Linux that will detect whether or not your host supports 64-bit guest virtual machines. For further troubleshooting, this article also provides good instructions for Windows users to determine more about the CPU and OS capabilities. For Macs, please use this support page from Apple to determine 64-bit capability.
Please download and install VMware Workstation 11, VMware Fusion 7, or VMware Player 7 or higher versions on your system prior to class beginning. If you do not own a licensed copy of VMware Workstation or Fusion, you can download a free 30-day trial copy from VMware. VMware will send you a time-limited serial number if you register for the trial at their Web site.
MANDATORY FOR408 SYSTEM HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS:
MANDATORY FOR408 SYSTEM SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS:
PLEASE INSTALL THE FOLLOWING SOFTWARE PRIOR TO CLASS:
OPTIONAL FOR408 ADDITIONAL ITEMS:
IN SUMMARY, BEFORE YOU BEGIN THE COURSE YOU SHOULD:
If you have additional questions about the laptop specifications, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
|Who Should Attend|
FOR408 is a follow-on class for those who have a foundation in and understanding of the digital forensics process and evidence acquisition. FOR408 is an intermediate course that skips over the introductory material of digital forensics. The class is good for those who are new to forensics or advanced analysts, but who do not want to spend a day on basic and core digital forensic concepts and techniques. We move quickly into the analysis of Windows and spend most of our time analyzing Windows artifacts in the class.
|Why Take This Course?|
|What You Will Receive|
|You Will Be Able To|
|Press & Reviews|
Course Review: SANS FOR408 Windows Forensic Analysis http://www.ethicalhacker.net/content/view/459/24/
Course and GIAC Cert Review: http://hackingexposedcomputerforensicsblog.blogspot.com/2014/02/daily-blog-226-look-ma-im-gcfe.html
"The SANS Institute is currently the leader in the commercial IR and computer forensic training market. They have a large number of quality courses." - Luttgens, Jason; Pepe, Matthew; Mandia, Kevin. Incident Response & Computer Forensics, Third Edition - July 2014
"This is a very high-intensity course with extremely current course material that is not available anywhere else in my experience." - Alexander Applegate, Auburn University
"Best forensics class I have had yet (and pretty much the only one that gives you some sort of framework on HOW to attack an exam)." - Det. Juan C. Marquez, Prince William County, Virginia Police Department
"Hands down the BEST forensics class EVER!! Blew my mind at least once a day for 6 days!" - Jason Jones, USAF
"I took SANS FOR408 Windows Forensics and the learning opportunity was second to none. Anyone looking for a first-rate forensics class that you can immediately take back to the real world and apply to their job needs to take at least one class from SANS in their lifetime. Whatever the cost may be to you, if forensics is a career priority to you, then you need to take at least one forensics class from SANS." - Chris Nowell, Information Security Architect, Airlines Reporting Corporation
"As a member of the IR team, this course will aid in investing compromised hosts." - Mike Piclher, URS Corp.
"FOR408 is based on real scenarios that are likely to occur again. The most up-to-date training I have received." - Martin Heyde, UK Ministry of Defence
"Best forensics course I have taken to date. Vast amounts of information." - Ellen Clark, FBI
"Call me a geek, but this is FUN!" - Frank Dixon, The Babcock & Wilcox Company
"Overall the course continues to be chock full of megalicious forensicness. Thanks a bunch for the key knowledge." - Vincent Bryant, Blue Cross Blue Shield of Tennessee
"If you were not interested in forensics before, you will be after this class. For those who already love it, it is reassurance that you are doing the right thing with your life." - Cleora Madison, Walt Disney Theme Parks and Resorts
"The Registry labs are invaluable. I learned more in this class about registry than in 10 years at work. Thanks!" - Michael Mimo, JP Morgan
"I was really looking forward to Windows in-depth and that is exactly what we are getting!" - Joshua Hoover, Charles Schwab
"I have been using forensics tools for years. I never professed to know it all; however, I did not expect to learn as much as I did." - Jody Hawkins, Cook Children's Health Care System
"I really appreciate the prebuilt and configured SIFT workstation. The FOR408 class materials and instruction were outstanding." - Clint Modesitt, LSUHSC
"FOR408 is absolutely necessary for any computer forensic type career. Excellent information!" - Rebecca Passmore, FBI
"Before I arrived here, I knew the basics of comp. forensics. After taking this course I feel that if suited with the proper tools, I could handle the task of working a live case" - Anonymous
"This course was by far the most informative and well taught class I have attended." - Brian Periera, Farfield PD
"Love the amount of detail/info in books, love the VM." - Jeff Datzman, Vacaville Police Department
"Best course I have taken in 20 years" - Gary Sanders, LWCC
"The hands on are excellent-Best I have had in 15 yrs of forensics classes. The best books as well." - Shawn Bostick, AR AG
"This is by far the best training I have ever had. My forensic knowledge increased more in the last 5 days than in the last year." - Vito Rocco, UNLV
"Are you kidding me? I, personally, see this course (FOR408) as pretty much perfected." - Mike Bowden, Boeing
"There's not a lot of courses that cover depth as well as the width of material. I think FOR408 strikes the right balance between the two." - Wayne Dawson, Vancity Savings Credit Union
"FOR408 has the depth and breadth of knowledge shared by the instructor and contents of the lab make it necessary to take the course. Very impressive!" - Debra Emmanuel, TWD & Associates
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