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A report from Gartner says that two-factor authentication is not providing adequate security against fraud and online attacks. Specifically, Trojan-based, man-in-the-middle browser attacks manage to bypass strong two-factor authentication. The problem resides in authentication methods that rely on browser communications. The report predicts that while bank accounts have been the primary target of such attacks, they are likely to spread "to other sectors and applications that contain sensitive valuable information and data." Gartner analyst Avivah Litan recommends "server-based fraud detection and out-of-band transaction verification" to help mitigate the problem. -http://www.eweek.com/c/a/Security/2Factor-Authentication-Falling-Short-for-Secur ity-Gartner-Says-303095/ -http://www.informationweek.com/news/security/vulnerabilities/showArticle.jhtml?a rticleID=222001977 [Editor's Note (Ullrich): Authentication will not be able to solve the untrusted platform problem. If you use a compromised system, authentication doesn't matter. Out of band communication will only work if the out-of band channel and associated hardware is secure, which may be questionable if devices like smartphones are used.
(Ranum): The problem is not 2 factor and it never has been; the problem is that SSL authentication has been broken since its inception. A transaction security layer that allows man in the middle attacks is not a transaction security layer.
(Northcutt): Litan's suggestion is important. Criminals are succeeding at stealing money from individual's online back accounts. The Finjan report in September did a great job of documenting all of this. Only 9 pages long, it is a valuable read. Read it at a 200% zoom so the screen shot examples are easily read. -http://www.finjan.com/GetObject.aspx?ObjId=679]
22 Million Bush White House eMails Recovered (December 14, 2009)
Eugene Schultz, Ph.D., CISM, CISSP is CTO of Emagined Security and the author/co-author of books on Unix security, Internet security, Windows NT/2000 security, incident response, and intrusion detection and prevention. He was also the co-founder and original project manager of the Department of Energy's Computer Incident Advisory Capability (CIAC).
John Pescatore is Vice President at Gartner Inc.; he has worked in computer and network security since 1978.
Stephen Northcutt founded the GIAC certification and currently serves as President of the SANS Technology Institute, a post graduate level IT Security College, www.sans.edu.
Dr. Johannes Ullrich is Chief Technology Officer of the Internet Storm Center and Dean of the Faculty of the graduate school at the SANS Technology Institute.
Ed Skoudis is co-founder of Inguardians, a security research and consulting firm, and author and lead instructor of the SANS Hacker Exploits and Incident Handling course.
Rohit Dhamankar is the Director of Security Research at TippingPoint, where he leads the Digital Vaccine and ThreatLinQ groups. His group develops protection filters to address vulnerabilities, viruses, worms, Trojans, P2P, spyware, and other applications for use in TippingPoint's Intrusion Prevention Systems.
Prof. Howard A. Schmidt is the President of the Information Security Forum (ISF) and author who has served as CSO for Microsoft and eBay and as Vice-Chair of the President's Critical Infrastructure Protection Board.
Tom Liston is a Senior Security Consultant and Malware Analyst for Inguardians, a handler for the SANS Institute's Internet Storm Center, and co-author of the book Counter Hack Reloaded.
Dr. Eric Cole is an instructor, author and fellow with The SANS Institute. He has written five books, including Insider Threat and he is a senior Lockheed Martin Fellow.
Ron Dick directed the National Infrastructure Protection Center (NIPC) at the FBI and is the incoming President of the InfraGard National Members Alliance - with 22,000 members.
Mason Brown is one of a very small number of people in the information security field who have held a top management position in a Fortune 50 company (Alcoa). He is leading SANS' global initiative to improve application security.
David Hoelzer is the director of research & principal examiner for Enclave Forensics and a senior fellow with the SANS Technology Institute.
Mark Weatherford, CISSP, CISM, is Chief Information Security Officer of the State of California.
Alan Paller is director of research at the SANS Institute.
Marcus J. Ranum built the first firewall for the White House and is widely recognized as a security products designer and industry innovator.
Clint Kreitner is the founding President and CEO of The Center for Internet Security.
Brian Honan is an independent security consultant based in Dublin, Ireland.
David Turley is SANS infrastructure manager and serves as production manager and final editor on SANS NewsBites.
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