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Newsletters: @RISK


@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

October 20, 2016
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@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 16, Num. 42

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked

Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/at-risk =============================================================

CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2016-10-11 - 2016-10-18
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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Cisco Releases Security Advisory for Authentication Bypass Vulnerability in Meeting Server Client

*************** Sponsored By Cisco Systems ****************

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http://www.sans.org/info/189267

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TRAINING UPDATE

--Pen Test HackFest Summit & Training | Crystal City, VA | November 2-9, 2016 |
Two days of talks, seven courses, THREE nights of NetWars, Coin-A-Palooza, SANS Cybercity, and a Super-Secret Field Trip!
http://www.sans.org/u/i2X

--SANS Sydney 2016 | November 3-19, 2016 | Sydney, Australia |
http://www.sans.org/u/lJd

--SANS London 2016 | November 12-21, 2016 | London, UK |
Choose from 18 SANS courses at Europe's largest training event. Training takes place in central London. Participate in NetWars, attend SANS@Night talks and network with hundreds of like-minded security professionals.
http://www.sans.org/u/lKF

--Healthcare Cybersecurity Summit & Training | November 14-21, 2016 | Houston, TX |
Two days of healthcare-focused Summit talks, exclusive networking opportunities, and five courses!
http://www.sans.org/u/i32

--Cyber Defense Initiative 2016 | December 10-17, 2016 | Washington, DC |
http://www.sans.org/u/kYV

--SANS Amsterdam 2016 | December 12-17, 2016 | Amsterdam, Netherlands |
http://www.sans.org/u/maj

--SANS Security East 2017 | January 9-14, 2017 | New Orleans, LA |
14 hands-on, intensive cyber security training courses for highly seasoned InfoSec professionals as well as those new to the field or transitioning from more general IT roles. Challenge your skills at the evening CORE NetWars Experience and network with your peers at the evening bonus sessions.
http://www.sans.org/u/lcj

--SANS Las Vegas 2017 | January 23-30, 2017 | Las Vegas, NV |
Nine training courses in IT Security, Windows forensics, security management and ethical hacking. Plus multiple bonus evening talks.
http://www.sans.org/u/lqU

--SANS Southern California - Anaheim 2017 | February 6-11, 2017 | Anaheim, CA |
Choose from eight proven, cutting-edge courses presented by SANS top-rated instructors and take advantage of multiple bonus evening talks.
http://www.sans.org/u/mao

--SANS Secure Japan 2017 | February 13-25, 2017 | Tokyo, Japan |
http://www.sans.org/u/lJi

-- Can't travel? SANS offers LIVE online instruction. Day (Simulcast - http://www.sans.org/u/WK) and Evening (vLive - http://www.sans.org/u/WZ) courses available!

-- Multi-week Live SANS training
Mentor - http://www.sans.org/u/X9 Contact - mentor@sans.org

-- Looking for training in your own community?
Community - http://www.sans.org/u/Xo

-- SANS OnDemand lets you train anytime, anywhere with four months of online access to your course. Learn more: Plus Bangalore, Oslo, Tokyo, Munich, and San Diego all in the next 90 days.
For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live:
http://www.sans.org/u/XN

********************** Sponsored Links: ********************

1) Bug bounty programs are moving from the realm of novelty towards becoming best practice. Learn More: http://www.sans.org/info/189272

2) Packet Capture + Flow Analytics = Holistic Network Visibility. Tuesday, October 25th, 2016 at 1:00 PM Eastern. http://www.sans.org/info/189277

3) Is there a gap between cyber security and IR functions? Take the SANS 2016 Security Optimization Survey: http://www.sans.org/info/189282

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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: Cisco Releases Security Advisory for Authentication Bypass Vulnerability in Meeting Server Client
Description: Cisco has released a security advisory for Cisco Meeting Server to address CVE-2016-6445, an authentication bypass vulnerability. CVE-2016-6445 manifests as a flaw in the Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP) service of Cisco Meeting Server and is triggered due to the XMPP service "incorrectly processing a deprecated authentication scheme." This vulnerability "could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to masquerade as a legitimate user." Cisco has released a software update to address this vulnerability.
Reference: https://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20161012-msc

Title: VeraCrypt Releases Update Addressing Security Vulnerabilities Identified by QuarksLab
Description: VeraCrypt has released an update for its open source, on-the-fly disk encryption software to address security vulnerabilities QuarksLab identified along with other bugs that have been discovered. QuarksLab recently audited VeraCrypt to identify security vulnerabilities and, as a result of the audit, a total of 26 vulnerabilities were discovered. Eight of the vulnerabilities are rated "Critical" while three are rated "Medium" severity. The remaining 15 vulnerabilities are "Low" severity or "Informational" concerns. VeraCrypt 1.19 addresses the vast majority of the vulnerabilities identified by QuarksLab. However, some issues have not yet been fixed due to the "high complexity for the proposed fixes." Workarounds have been identified for those issues.
Reference: https://ostif.org/the-veracrypt-audit-results/ https://veracrypt.codeplex.com/wikipage?title=Release%20Notes

Title: Researcher Discloses Left Over Factory Debugging Feature (Dubbed "Pork Explosion") in Foxconn-manufactured Phones
Description: Security Researcher Jon "jcase" Sawyer has disclosed the presence of a left over factory debugging feature in Foxconn-manufactured Android phones. Dubbed "Pork Explosion" (as a jab at the silly nature of naming vulnerabilities), the left over debugging feature is a backdoor "in the apps bootloader provided by Foxconn." An attacker with physical access to the device could "gain a root shell, with selinux disabled through usb." jcase has reached out to Nextbit and the Android Security team to address this vulnerability and Nextbit has released a fix for their affected phones.
Reference: http://bbqand0days.com/Pork-Explosion-Unleashed/

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INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

Digitally Signed Malware Targeting Gaming Companies
https://blog.cylance.com/digitally-signed-malware-targeting-gaming-companies

Remsec driver analysis - Agnitum driver exploitation
http://artemonsecurity.blogspot.com/2016/10/remsec-driver-analysis-agnitum-driver.html

C++/WinRT Available on GitHub
https://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/vcblog/2016/10/13/cwinrt-available-on-github/?

Trump Organization is using horribly insecure email servers
http://www.zdnet.com/article/trump-organization-servers-are-running-horribly-outdated-unpatched-and-insecure-software/

US Reps Requesting Further Intel Around Yahoo Surveillance Story
https://threatpost.com/us-reps-requesting-further-intel-around-yahoo-surveillance-story/121328/

QuarksLab Audit of VeraCrypt
https://ostif.org/the-veracrypt-audit-results/

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RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: CVE-2016-0752
Title: Ruby on Rails Input Validation Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: rubyonrails.org
Description: Directory traversal vulnerability in Action View in Ruby on Rails before 3.2.22.1, 4.0.x and 4.1.x before 4.1.14.1, 4.2.x before 4.2.5.1, and 5.x before 5.0.0.beta1.1 allows remote attackers to read arbitrary files by leveraging an application's unrestricted use of the render method and providing a .. (dot dot) in a pathname.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 5.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N)

ID: CVE-2016-6366
Title: Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance SNMP Buffer Overflow Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Cisco
Description: Buffer overflow in Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) Software through 9.4.2.3 on ASA 5500, ASA 5500-X, ASA Services Module, ASA 1000V, ASAv, Firepower 9300 ASA Security Module, PIX, and FWSM devices allows remote authenticated users to execute arbitrary code via crafted IPv4 SNMP packets, aka Bug ID CSCva92151 or EXTRABACON.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 8.5 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-2866
Title: Grandsteam GXV3611_HD camera SQL injection Vulnerability
Vendor: Grandstream Networks
Description: SQL injection vulnerability on the Grandstream GXV3611_HD camera with firmware before 1.0.3.9 beta allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary SQL commands by attempting to establish a TELNET session with a crafted username.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.5 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P)

ID: CVE-2016-1017
Title: Adobe Flash Player "AS2 LoadVars" Use-after-free Code Execution Vulnerability (APSA16-10)
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Use-after-free vulnerability in the LoadVars.decode function in Adobe Flash Player before 18.0.0.343 and 19.x through 21.x before 21.0.0.213 on Windows and OS X and before 11.2.202.616 on Linux allows attackers to execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors, a different vulnerability than CVE-2016-1011, CVE-2016-1013, CVE-2016-1016, and CVE-2016-1031.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-4171
Title: Adobe Flash Code Execution Vulnerability (APSA16-03)
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Unspecified vulnerability in Adobe Flash Player 21.0.0.242 and earlier allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via unknown vectors, as exploited in the wild in June 2016.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-0185
Title: Microsoft Windows Media Center Input Validation Remote Code Execution Vulneraiblity (MS16-059)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Media Center in Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows 7 SP1, and Windows 8.1 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted Media Center link (aka .mcl) file, aka "Windows Media Center Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-0189
Title: Microsoft Internet Explorer Scripting Engine Memory Corruption Vulnerability
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: The Microsoft (1) JScript 5.8 and (2) VBScript 5.7 and 5.8 engines, as used in Internet Explorer 9 through 11 and other products, allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (memory corruption) via a crafted web site, aka "Scripting Engine Memory Corruption Vulnerability," a different vulnerability than CVE-2016-0187.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.6 (AV:N/AC:H/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-1287
Title: Cisco ASA Software IKEv1 and IKEv2 Buffer Overflow Vulnerability
Vendor: Cisco
Description: Buffer overflow in the IKEv1 and IKEv2 implementations in Cisco ASA Software before 8.4(7.30), 8.7 before 8.7(1.18), 9.0 before 9.0(4.38), 9.1 before 9.1(7), 9.2 before 9.2(4.5), 9.3 before 9.3(3.7), 9.4 before 9.4(2.4), and 9.5 before 9.5(2.2) on ASA 5500 devices, ASA 5500-X devices, ASA Services Module for Cisco Catalyst 6500 and Cisco 7600 devices, ASA 1000V devices, Adaptive Security Virtual Appliance (aka ASAv), Firepower 9300 ASA Security Module, and ISA 3000 devices allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (device reload) via crafted UDP packets, aka Bug IDs CSCux29978 and CSCux42019.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

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MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2016-10-11 - 2016-10-18:
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: bf8a2c313e151bf0dee698b44e0a6a68b61d4df60698d6fa6fd3c6a051be33eb
MD5: fb90d7e5157863308721f943b18422ad
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/bf8a2c313e151bf0dee698b44e0a6a68b61d4df60698d6fa6fd3c6a051be33eb/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: irs_3154733.doc
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.BF8A2C313E-100.SBX.TG

SHA 256: eec19ff3561e1c6c49d5e6fb84e2b8d5fe03155881c54a684d4f6338426d91b9
MD5: fd28597b65b906a67fa693944021c985
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/eec19ff3561e1c6c49d5e6fb84e2b8d5fe03155881c54a684d4f6338426d91b9/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: irs_0477371.doc
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.EEC19FF356-100.SBX.TG

SHA 256: 5b149517e3a7c9b682379d71e7d07758e1e2f4a2faec829dad34a3a1b0792fe6
MD5: 1c2141c94374c7240d6a985804755a4f
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/5b149517e3a7c9b682379d71e7d07758e1e2f4a2faec829dad34a3a1b0792fe6/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: TeamViewer.exe
Claimed Product: "TeamViewer"
Detection Name: W32.5B149517E3-100.SBX.TG

SHA 256: 16cb8ef31aeab061b174950f88a41b80f51f90f8a019d8475e27cb3bf89526ca
MD5: 2c8af7d674875be0626312772156d35e
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/16cb8ef31aeab061b174950f88a41b80f51f90f8a019d8475e27cb3bf89526ca/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: _20161017_22120.doc.zip
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Auto:16cb8ef31a.in05.Talos

SHA 256: d825f328769066d6737535ebd8c7f10ad21b4c4781db33c5a1adef1ebc891e26
MD5: 0b8bb7a057b346e7679102244aaf1e57
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/d825f328769066d6737535ebd8c7f10ad21b4c4781db33c5a1adef1ebc891e26/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: invoice_07737716.doc Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.D825F32876-95.SBX.TG

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