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Newsletters: @RISK


@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

March 31, 2016
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@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 16, Num. 13

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked

Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/at-risk

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CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2016-03-22 - 2016-03-29
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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Oracle Releases Out of Band Security Advisory for Java Vulnerability Patched in 2013

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Register Today: http://www.sans.org/info/184512

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TRAINING UPDATE

- --SANS Northern Virginia - Reston | April 4-9 | 9 courses including the NEW, Network Penetration Testing and Ethical Hacking & Cyber Threat Intelligence course
www.sans.org/u/dza

- --SANS Secure Europe 2016 | Amsterdam, Netherlands | April 4-16 | 5 courses. Mainland Europe's largest security training event, 8 courses across 2 weeks, all aligned to a GIAC exam, plus @night talks.
http://www.sans.org/u/dPU

- --SANS Atlanta | April 4-9 | 6 courses including the new Network Penetration Testing and Ethical Hacking course
www.sans.org/u/dz5

- --Threat Hunting & Incident Response Summit & Training | New Orleans, LA | April 12-19, 2016 | Will you be the hunter or the prey? Two days of Summit talks, 6 courses, networking opportunities & more!
http://www.sans.org/u/dgR

- --SANS Pen Test Austin | April 18-23 | 7 courses | 3 nights of NetWars | Coin-A-Palooza | Special evening events including a Night of Hands-On Pen Testing of "Internet of Things" Devices
www.sans.org/u/dzp

- --SANS Security West | April 29-May 6 | 28 courses, bonus evening presentations, 2 nights of NetWars, multiple talks on Emerging Trends, networking opportunities and more!
www.sans.org/u/dzu

- --SANS Stockholm 2016 | Stockholm, Sweden | May 9-14 | 5 courses. SANS training in the Nordics, 5 courses including Mobile, Virtualisation, Defending Web Apps, and Reverse Engineering Malware.
http://www.sans.org/u/ffm

- --Security Operations Center Summit & Training | Crystal City, VA | May 19-26, 2016 | Sharing information to make cybersecurity work effectively. Two days of Summit talks featuring a keynote by Dr. Eric Cole, 4 SANS courses, networking, & more!
http://www.sans.org/u/fp7

- - --Can't travel? SANS offers LIVE online instruction.
Day (Simulcast - http://www.sans.org/u/WK) and Evening (vLive - http://www.sans.org/u/WZ) courses available!

- -- Multi-week Live SANS training
Mentor -http://www.sans.org/u/X9
Contact mentor@sans.org

- -- Looking for training in your own community?
Community -http://www.sans.org/u/Xo

- -- SANS OnDemand lets you train anytime, anywhere with four months of online access to your course. Learn more: http://www.sans.org/u/XD

Plus Canberra, Copenhagen, Prague, Houston, and Berlin all in the next 90 days.

For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live:
http://www.sans.org/u/XN

********************** Sponsored Links: ********************

1) Webcast "Next-Gen Now" Get the most sophisticated next-gen endpoint protection techniques, integrated in one agent for better security and performance.
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2) Mapping Attack Infrastructure: Leave Your Foe With Nowhere to Hide. Thursday, March 31, 2016 at 1:00 PM EDT (17:00:00 UTC) with John Pescatore and Steve Ginty, Co-Founder of RiskIQ's PassiveTotal.
http://www.sans.org/info/184527

3) Overcome Privilege Management Obstacles with CSC v. 6. Tuesday, April 26, 2016 at 11:00 AM EDT (15:00:00 UTC) with John Pescatore and Jon Wallace.
http://www.sans.org/info/184532

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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Oracle Releases Out of Band Security Advisory for Java Vulnerability Patched in 2013
Description: Oracle has released an out-of-band security advisory for a Java vulnerability that was originally reported in 2013 and patched back then. Since the original release of the patch for CVE-2013-5838, new information detailing how the patch was incomplete and could still allow an attacker to remotely execute code has been made public. In response to this new information, Oracle has fixed the broken patch and has release an updated version of Java that addresses the issue. Per Oracle's website, "Oracle Java SE 7 Update 97, and 8 Update 73 and 74 for Windows, Solaris, Linux, and Mac OS X are affected." Users are advised to update their Java installations.
Reference:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/topics/security/alert-cve-2016-0636-2949497.html
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2016/Mar/31
Snort SID: 38338-38339

Title: VNew Server-Side Ransomware Variant (Samas/Samsam) Hitting Hospitals
Description: Researchers have identified a ransomware variant that appears to be currently targeting hospitals in the United States. Known as Samas/Samsam, this ransomware variant is unique in that instead of targeting individual users through phishing attacks or via exploit kits, adversaries are compromising systems via external facing JBoss servers that are vulnerable to compromise and moving laterally within the network to compromise additional systems. Multiple threat intelligence organizations have reported on this ransomware variant with detection being made available to detect and mitigate this threat.
Reference:
https://threatpost.com/new-server-side-ransomware-hitting-hospitals/117059/
Snort SID: 18794, 21516-21517, 24342-24343, 24642, 29909, 38279-38280, 38304
ClamAV: Win.Trojan.Samas

Title: Multiple Cross-site Scripting (XSS) Vulnerabilities in Zen Cart Patched
Description: Researchers at Trustwave have identified multiple XSS vulnerabilities in Zen Cart, a popular online shopping cart software package. Trustwave responsibly disclosed these vulnerabilities to Zen Cart and worked to ensure all vulnerabilities were properly patched before disclosure. Zen Cart has release Zen Cart 1.5.5 to address these vulnerabilities. Additionally, Zen Cart has made available the patches to address the flaws if patching is not immediately possible.
Reference:
Reference: https://www.zen-cart.com/showthread.php?219732-Trustwave-Security-report-Patch-Included
https://www.trustwave.com/Resources/SpiderLabs-Blog/TWSL2016-006--Multiple-XSS-Vulnerabilities-reported-for-Zen-Cart/
Snort SID: Detection pending release of vulnerability information

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INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

Life after the Isolated Heap - A Look at Exploiting Flash Player
http://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/2016/03/life-after-isolated-heap.html

The FBI Drops Its Case Against Apple After Finding A Way Into That Phone
http://www.wired.com/2016/03/fbi-drops-case-apple-finding-way-iphone/

Malware is being signed with multiple digital certificates to evade detection
http://www.symantec.com/connect/blogs/malware-being-signed-multiple-digital-certificates-evade-detection

New feature in Office 2016 can block macros and help prevent infection
https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/mmpc/2016/03/22/new-feature-in-office-2016-can-block-macros-and-help-prevent-infection/

Abusing bugs in the Locky ransomware to create a vaccine
https://www.lexsi.com/securityhub/abusing-bugs-in-the-locky-ransomware-to-create-a-vaccine/

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RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: CVE-2016-1010
Title: Adobe Flash Player Integer Overflow Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Integer overflow in Adobe Flash Player before 18.0.0.333 and 19.x through 21.x before 21.0.0.182 on Windows and OS X and before 11.2.202.577 on Linux, Adobe AIR before 21.0.0.176, Adobe AIR SDK before 21.0.0.176, and Adobe AIR SDK & Compiler before 21.0.0.176 allows attackers to execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors, a different vulnerability than CVE-2016-0963 and CVE-2016-0993.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-1524
Title: NETGEAR Network Management System 300 Arbitrary File Upload Vulnerability
Vendor: Netgear
Description: Multiple unrestricted file upload vulnerabilities in NETGEAR Management System NMS300 1.5.0.11 and earlier allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary Java code by using (1) fileUpload.do or (2) lib-1.0/external/flash/fileUpload.do to upload a JSP file, and then accessing it via a direct request for a /null URI.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-1909
Title: SSH Backdoor for FortiGate OS Version 4.x up to 5.0.7
Vendor: Fortinet
Description: FortiOS 4.x before 4.3.17 and 5.0.x before 5.0.8 has a hardcoded passphrase for the Fortimanager_Access account, which allows remote attackers to obtain administrative access via an SSH session.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (HIGH) (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-8651
Title: Adobe Flash Player Unspecified Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Integer overflow in Adobe Flash Player before 18.0.0.324 and 19.x and 20.x before 20.0.0.267 on Windows and OS X and before 11.2.202.559 on Linux, Adobe AIR before 20.0.0.233, Adobe AIR SDK before 20.0.0.233, and Adobe AIR SDK & Compiler before 20.0.0.233 allows attackers to execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-7755
Title: Juniper ScreenOS Multiple Security Issues
Vendor: Juniper
Description: Juniper ScreenOS 6.2.0r15 through 6.2.0r18, 6.3.0r12 before 6.3.0r12b, 6.3.0r13 before 6.3.0r13b, 6.3.0r14 before 6.3.0r14b, 6.3.0r15 before 6.3.0r15b, 6.3.0r16 before 6.3.0r16b, 6.3.0r17 before 6.3.0r17b, 6.3.0r18 before 6.3.0r18b, 6.3.0r19 before 6.3.0r19b, and 6.3.0r20 before 6.3.0r21 allows remote attackers to obtain administrative access by entering an unspecified password during a (1) SSH or (2) TELNET session.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (HIGH) (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-6132
Title: Microsoft Windows Library Loading Input Validation Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2, Windows RT Gold and 8.1, and Windows 10 Gold and 1511 mishandle library loading, which allows local users to gain privileges via a crafted application, aka "Windows Library Loading Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.2 (AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-7645
Title: Adobe Flash Player Code Execution Vulnerability (APSB15-27)
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Adobe Flash Player 18.x through 18.0.0.252 and 19.x through 19.0.0.207 on Windows and OS X and 11.x through 11.2.202.535 on Linux allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted SWF file, as exploited in the wild in October 2015.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

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MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2016-03-22 - 2016-03-29:
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: F5D3F9B1A9C4B59DBCF34782A3B5AB3A89EB47EE3195364E54CC2845502E020E
MD5: de04a6ee625c7b8dd09ce22cd5cfb2e9
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/F5D3F9B1A9C4B59DBCF34782A3B5AB3A89EB47EE3195364E54CC2845502E020E/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: ApplicationManager
Claimed Product:
Detection Name: OSX.Variant:SpigotD.19d2.1201

SHA 256: 1E12BDA263975D22103CD09B46EE238641CA890570FC7850254328AAE40C994D
MD5: c69c9e7b12acee2ffa97057ddb123ecf
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/1E12BDA263975D22103CD09B46EE238641CA890570FC7850254328AAE40C994D/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: smdmfu.exe
Claimed Product: SmdmF Module
Detection Name: Adware:KipodToolsC-tpd

SHA 256: 3B17689A486D68813C31BF2BA610BF36F4B1F5B0403B0316C9833348845306FC
MD5: 37ee9a5257102d876cfae15bccfbbf78
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/3B17689A486D68813C31BF2BA610BF36F4B1F5B0403B0316C9833348845306FC/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: WebSocketServerApp
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Auto.3b1768.182243.in01

SHA 256:F4AE1A3D610A57547F014215A5D7AAED8572CD36AA77A9567C183F11430A6B55
MD5: 51e63633487f9180ec8031980684bf86
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/F4AE1A3D610A57547F014215A5D7AAED8572CD36AA77A9567C183F11430A6B55/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: winunfxo.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Malware:Pramro.19cf.1201

SHA 256: 8897F94710F3CA65AF0E52F6E2B76E6319DD5FB0DD6AD0968F8ACC0D25EE783A
MD5: cc9e1075db0645f1032f8c4b4412deba
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/8897F94710F3CA65AF0E52F6E2B76E6319DD5FB0DD6AD0968F8ACC0D25EE783A/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: winvfmr.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Crypt:SalityGR.18i0.1201

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