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Newsletters: @RISK


@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

September 24, 2015
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@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 15, Num. 38

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked.

Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/risk/

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CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2015-09-15 - 2015-09-22
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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Adobe Releases Security Bulletin Addressing 23 Vulnerabilities in Flash Player and AIR

********************** Sponsored By AlienVault *********************

New! Beginner's Guide to Open Source Intrusion Detection Tools:

http://www.sans.org/info/180352

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TRAINING UPDATE

- -- SANS Cyber Defense Initiative 2015 | Washington DC | December 12-19, 2015 | Join more than 1,000 information security experts and peers for SANS' epic final training event of the year! More than 30 courses will be taught by SANS' top instructors. Three NetWars challenges - including the 2015 NetWars Tournament of Champions - and numerous SANS@Night presentations make CDI the DC event not to miss.
http://www.sans.org/u/7QC 36 courses.

- -- SANS Seattle 2015 | Seattle, WA | October 5-10, 2015 |
http://www.sans.org/u/7QW 6 courses.

- -- SANS Tysons Corner 2015 | Tysons Corner, VA | October 12-17, 2015 |
http://www.sans.org/u/7R1
8 courses.

- -- SANS DFIR Prague 2015 | Prague, Czech Republic | October 5-17, 2015 |
http://www.sans.org/u/7tA
11 courses.

- -- SOS: SANS October Singapore | Singapore, Singapore | October 12-24, 2015 |
http://www.sans.org/u/7tP
8 courses.

- - --Can't travel? SANS offers LIVE online instruction.
Day (Simulcast - http://www.sans.org/u/WK) and Evening (vLive - http://www.sans.org/u/WZ) courses available!

- -- Multi-week Live SANS training
http://www.sans.org/u/X9
Contact mentor@sans.org

- -- Looking for training in your own community?
http://www.sans.org/u/Xo

- --Save on On-Demand training (30 full courses) - See samples at OnDemand Specials
http://www.sans.org/u/XD

Plus Bangalore, Singapore, Tokyo, and Sydney all in the next 90 days.

For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live:
http://www.sans.org/u/XN

********************** Sponsored Links: ********************

1) What Works in Supply Chain and Partner Security: Using BitSight to Assess and Monitor Third Party Cybersecurity. Wednesday, October 07 at 3:00 PM EDT (19:00:00 UTC) featuring John Pescatore and Christopher Porter.
http://www.sans.org/info/180357

2) Threats in the Unknown: Applied intelligence-driven approaches to real-time threat detection. Tuesday, October 13 at 1:00 PM EDT (17:00:00 UTC) with Jasper Graham.
http://www.sans.org/info/180362

3) Threats 2.0: Get Ahead of them with Advanced Analytics. Thursday, October 15 at 11:00 AM EDT (15:00:00 UTC) with John Pescatore and Greg Wessel.
http://www.sans.org/info/180367

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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: Adobe Releases Security Bulletin Addressing 23 Vulnerabilities in Flash Player and AIR
Description: Adobe has released a security bulletin for Flash Player addressing 23 vulnerabilities. Flash Player versions 11.2.202.508 and earlier and 18.0.0.232 and earlier have been identified by Adobe to be vulnerable. Users and administrators are encouraged to update their Flash Player installations as soon as possible to reduce the risk of compromise.
Reference:
https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/flash-player/apsb15-23.html
Snort SID: Detection pending release of vulnerability information

Title: Drupal Issues Pair of Security Advisories Addressing Access Bypass Flaws
Description: Drupal has released a pair of security advisories addressing access bypass flaws inside two modules. SA-CONTRIB-2015-146 addresses flaws inside the Twitter module where the module does not "sufficiently check for access when using the Twitter Post submodule to post messages to Twitter and allows a tweet to be posted to any authenticated account, not just one that the user owns." SA-CONTRIB-2015-147 addresses flaws inside the RESTful module where the module does not "sufficiently account for core's page cache generation for anonymous users," possibly allowing access to "potentially restricted information during subsequent anonymous requests."
Reference:
https://www.drupal.org/node/2565827 and https://www.drupal.org/node/2565875
Snort SID: Detection pending release of vulnerability of information

Title: Various iOS Apps Found to be Malicious (a.k.a. XcodeGhost)
Description: Researchers at Palo Alto Networks have issued an advisory warning users of several malicious iOS apps that have been found in the App Store. The apps were found to have been compiled using a tampered version of Xcode hosted on non-Apple servers in China and successfully submitted to the App Store. Malicious versions of Xcode operated by inserting malicious code into the app alongside the actual application code during compilation.
Reference:
http://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2015/09/novel-malware-xcodeghost-modifies-xcode-infects-apple-ios-apps-and-hits-app-store/

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INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

Polymorphic in ELF malware: Linux/Xor.DDOS
http://blog.malwaremustdie.org/2015/09/mmd-0042-2015-polymorphic-in-elf.html

What the LastPass CLI tells us about LastPass Design
https://systemoverlord.com/blog/2015/09/16/what-the-lastpass-cli-tells-us-about-lastpass-design/

How Exploit Kit Operators are Misusing Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange
http://blog.trendmicro.com/trendlabs-security-intelligence/how-exploit-kit-operators-are-misusing-diffie-hellman-key-exchange/

Pupy - a remote administration tool with an embedded Python interpreter
https://github.com/n1nj4sec/pupy

Who's Behind Bluetooth Skimming in Mexico?
http://krebsonsecurity.com/2015/09/whos-behind-bluetooth-skimming-in-mexico/

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RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: CVE-2015-2509
Title: Microsoft Windows Media Center MCL Vulnerability (MS15-100)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: indows Media Center in Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, and Windows 8.1 allows user-assisted remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted Media Center link (mcl) file, aka "Windows Media Center RCE Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-6332
Title: Microsoft Windows OLE Automation Array Memory Corruption Code Execution Vulnerability (MS14-064)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: The management console in Symantec Endpoint Protection Manager (SEPM) 12.1 before 12.1-RU6-MP1 allows remote attackers to bypass authentication via a crafted password-reset action that triggers a new administrative session.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.5 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P)

ID: CVE-2015-5122
Title: Adobe Flash Player Use-after-Free Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Adobe
Description: A use-after-free vulnerability has been identified in Adobe Flash Player. The error occurs in the opaqueBackground property 7 setter of the flash.display.DisplayObject class.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-5119
Title: Adobe Flash ActionScript 3 ByteArray Use-After-Free Vulnerability
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Use-after-free vulnerability in the ByteArray class in the ActionScript 3 (AS3) implementation in Adobe Flash Player 13.x through 13.0.0.296 and 14.x through 18.0.0.194 on Windows and OS X and 11.x through 11.2.202.468 on Linux allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (memory corruption) via crafted Flash content that overrides a ValueOf function, as exploited in the wild in July 2015.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-3090
Title: Adobe Flash Player ShaderJob Buffer Overflow
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Adobe Flash Player before 13.0.0.289 and 14.x through 17.x before 17.0.0.188 on Windows and OS X and before 11.2.202.460 on Linux, Adobe AIR before 17.0.0.172, Adobe AIR SDK before 17.0.0.172, and Adobe AIR SDK & Compiler before 17.0.0.172 allow attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (memory corruption) via unspecified vectors, a different vulnerability than CVE-2015-3078, CVE-2015-3089, and CVE-2015-3093.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-3113
Title: Adobe Flash Player Buffer Overflow (APSB15-14)
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Heap-based buffer overflow in Adobe Flash Player before 13.0.0.296 and 14.x through 18.x before 18.0.0.194 on Windows and OS X and before 11.2.202.468 on Linux allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors, as exploited in the wild in June 2015.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C) =========================================================

MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2015-09-15 - 2015-09-22:
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: 4F40A54A972991F23A9EA95485BF53C1B54671E7643C322F00508CF93DB7652C
MD5: af846734eff01cb1131bfdef622bbdeb
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/4F40A54A972991F23A9EA95485BF53C1B54671E7643C322F00508CF93DB7652C/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: inf_pu_toolkit.swf
Claimed Product: Infinity Popup Toolkit
Detection Name: SWF.INF.PU.TOOLKIT.tht.VRT

SHA 256: 26A92873992B5A674EA953131A4EFFC119DEE0BC74DA8FFA43F4D8DE7DF3C169
MD5: 86a5b6dda0dfcab5317e52f7ffd51aca
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/26A92873992B5A674EA953131A4EFFC119DEE0BC74DA8FFA43F4D8DE7DF3C169/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: supboena_for_defamation.doc
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.26A9287399-100.SBX.TG

SHA 256: 55F173FB7CE33654D379663215DE48BD2F13CA4A607CBE4D90962DE33A4972E6
MD5: f86280b1bccf1069d66529f752b9d430
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/55F173FB7CE33654D379663215DE48BD2F13CA4A607CBE4D90962DE33A4972E6/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: Runner.exe
Claimed Product: Search Protect
Detection Name: W32.SearchProtect:GenMaliciousAIBH.18jr.1201

SHA 256: 085C0598775F86E525A2E2E6673653627842CA8AAAE6BDE1CD304221801656B9
MD5: fd822078f3e92412634f7aca13d7ad7b
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/085C0598775F86E525A2E2E6673653627842CA8AAAE6BDE1CD304221801656B9/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: My_Resume_13751.doc
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Auto.085c05.MASH.SR.SBX.VIOC

SHA 256: 8BA48D47F3D06CF8DD959C03982E555A08235532C80E36D093B97C9808989534
MD5: bb7b415a4e30aa573fff66c208e57d30
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/8BA48D47F3D06CF8DD959C03982E555A08235532C80E36D093B97C9808989534/analysis/#additional-info Typical Filename: pdfforgeToolbar.exe
Claimed Product: pdfforge Toolbar v22.1
Detection Name: W32.8BA48D47F3-100.SBX.VIOC

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